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Wide Angle (Social Development Organization) Manipur was registered in 1984 by a group of dynamic Manipuri Youths. The organization started working with a vision for creating productive youths by collectively enhancing health, Human Rights and Gender justice. It worked in collaboration with Youth clubs, student’s union and likeminded NGOs. It became a partner of the Manipur AIDS Control Society (1998), Manipur State Council for Child Welfare (2003) and Indian Network of NGOs in HIV/AIDS (2003). Wide Angle is a strategic partner in the North Eastern Region. The organization started working with a vision for creating productive youths by collectively enhancing health, Human Rights and gender equality. It worked in collaboration with Youth clubs, student’s union and like minded NGOs. This is an effective initiative in Manipur addressing issues of children infected / affected by HIV/AIDS thereby taking up the issue of child rights in the State.
From the review year, Wide Angle has started working in 13 Villages of Senapati and Tamenlong districts of Manipur, both falling in the hill region of the state. Previously this project was working in Imphal West Recurrent incidences of political and ethnic conflicts and an almost epidemic incidence of HIV /AIDS together push children and youth of the state into abject poverty, severe health and nutrition concerns. This coupled with large scale migration in search of jobs increases the protection challenges for children. The acute poverty, ethnic violence, urban rural migration and HIV/AIDS epidemic has led to many Children in Especially Difficult Circumstances (CEDC) in Manipur. The risk to children’s health is alarming. There is now a whole generation of hundreds of orphan children infected and affected by HIV/AIDS in the state now. What is worse is that the utilisation percentage of the government state budget is as low as 20-25%. In terms of the scenario of education in Manipur, a large number of private schools dominate the education system of the state which attracts the biggest share of children, followed by government schools. A small percentage is actually out of school as per records. However among the enrolled children, only 56.8% are found to be regular. Data reflects prominent gaps health care and education infrastructure as well as need for training of health workers to cater to the needs of local communities. The implementation status of ICDS is not very satisfactorily in Manipur state. Supplies are irregular, salaries of ICDS workers do not reach on time and they are yet to fully trained on their roles and responsibilities.
Perhaps the most alarming threat to children’s rights is in terms of their protection – there is a very incidence of child sexual abuse and child trafficking. Because of abject poverty and lack of regular livelihood options for their parents, children are often found to be engaged in hazardous activities like drug peddling or getting drawn into conflict. This high degree of vulnerability of children in the age group of 12 – 18 yrs to sexual abuse, substance abuse, trafficking and child labour since these children age group has the highest number of school dropout in these villages.
- To initiate process to ensure proper implementation of RTE in the operational area.
- To improve the quality and access of health centres in operational area.
- To develop understanding on malnutrition and identify the status of malnutrition in the operational area.
- To identify and address child labour, child trafficking, child marriage and CSA in the operational area.
- To initiate process of activation of Juveniele Justice system to protect and address children’s right to protection.
Review and Impact
- This year the project team has taken up the issue of children education in both Imphal west area and as well as in the newly selected villages of Senapati districts. In Imphal west, they continued engagement with club members and community leaders in activating the SMCs in the area.
- Capacity building program was organized with community leaders and club members on RTE at Imphal West and Senapati.
- The team visited 14 schools which are being monitored on various components of RTE this year.
- All the schools are providing drinking water to the children and three new class rooms have been constructed in two schools.
- After intervention, 14 schools have separate toilets for boys and girls.
- The organisation ensured 100% safe delivery in the hospital- community are availing the facilities in PHC or in district hospital, in some of the cases they are also going to private hospital.
- In Imphal west district, there is complete immunization of children; there was process of village health and sanitation observed.
- Mapping of ICDS centre done in Imphal West districts for monitoring and data collected from 14 AWC.
- This year the project has initiated intervention all various aspects on malnutrition at multiple levels.
- Mid day meal program mainstreamed in all the schools, food material has been provided to all the schools.
- The project has also continued to support the families impacted by HIV/AIDS They are also keeping track of children who are infected by HIV, especially those who are on Anti retroviral therapy, single orphan or orphan living on their own.
- Special program on child trafficking in Senapati was held where Children Welfare Committee were also involved. Small group discussion held at Senapati villages on child sexual abuse.
Wide Angle - CRY project plan will be implemented in Senapati and Tamenlong districts, because it has been found that the villages of Senapati and Tamenlong is more critical in terms of child right to protection issues. Protection is major issue and at the same time health right is also concern area along with education of children in concerned. Wide Angle will continue to monitor the schools and the ICDS centre in Imphal West district along with the Senapati and Tamenlong villages.
In Senapati and Tamenlong district Wide Angle will implement project in protection as first priority issues and also on health as second priority. Issues with education will also be addressed for providing the protective environment to children.
- Mapping to done for health services in 13 operational villages in the area of immunization, pre and post natal care, referral services, institutional delivery, health camps, VHND and functioning of institutions.
- Awareness and sensitization of community on health behavioral changes (health-Hygiene, RCH, immunization, institutional delivery, food habits, govt. Facilities) through Village meeting, FGD, Interface meeting etc.
- Data collection to be done for tracking down of drop out children (6-14 years) and their status in context of protection issues.
- Towards formation of vigilance committee there will be meeting at village level on purpose of formation of protection committee.
- There will be formation of children’s collective by engaging with children through sports and cultural activity, annual cultural and sports meet; Children exposure program and creative activity with collectives.
- There will be formation of adolescent groups (15-18 years) to create awareness program with them on Juveniele Justice system and POCSO and group formation at village level.
- Tracking and identification of cases related to the child sexual abuse, trafficking, drug abuse, child marriage.
- Engagement with children at community level through sports and cultural activity.
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