on the details of
SPREAD was founded by Mr. Bidyut Mohanty along with some likeminded people in 1989 with a commitment to work for the betterment of the underprivileged population, specially the tribals in Koraput district of Orissa. In the initial years, the project focused on the problems of the displaced tribal population due to the major hydro-electric project, Damanjodi. With the insights gained from this intervention, the organization expanded its work to the displaced communities of two other projects, Kolab and Machhkund. Mr. Bidyut Mohanty, the Project Holder has been working in the development sector for the last 15 years on issues of gender, participatory approach, program monitoring and evaluation. He started work with the dalit children in the slums of Bhubaneswar.
Koraput district is located in the backward Koraput- Bolangir- Kalahandi (KBK) region of Orissa. The district is predominantly populated by scheduled tribes and falls under the Scheduled Area. All the blocks are Integrated Tribal Development Agency (ITDA) blocks. The tribes which pre-dominantly populate Koraput region are Kandhas, Sauras, Sabras, Bhottoda, Bhumiyas, Parajs, and Gadabas. Literacy rates are below the state and national averages. Female literacy is only 25%. PDS and other social security schemes are defunct. The Panchayat Raj Institutions in the region are not active. Operational area has 60% of tribal population. 35% children are malnourished. The education system in terms of same language and contents for all the community has created some discomfort among tribal children to continue in the education system. Economic constraints are another major reason for school drop outs. Children are involved in household, agriculture and animal husbandry work.
- To reduce malnutrition among 0-6 age group children for improvement of physical & mental health.
- To ensure quality education and introduce teaching of local tribal culture & systems in the formal education system.
- To promote awareness among men and women to counter the social evils like untouchability, casteism, dowry, bride burning, drug abuse prevention, prohibition etc.
- To ensure livelihood through rights over land and access to entitlements to the excluded groups thus ensuring child rights.
- In order to understand the status of malnutrition in the project villages, a study on body mass index (BMI) was conducted in 12 villages. 379 children were surveyed randomly. The study reveals that almost 20% children are malnourished in the survey area.
- In the project area, 65 children are suffering from malnutrition. These children are linked to 8 ICDS centers to provide supplementary nutrition support.
- Health checkups of the acute malnourished have been done for 14 children and 13 children were sent for referral with the help of ANM.
- Tracking has been done for basic immunization of 46 children in the age group of 0-1 and 61 children in the age group of 2-5 out of 91 children.
- 2 new schools started, 7 schools are running regularly and improvement observed in terms of enrolment, retention, attendance, classroom teaching and mid-day meals in schools.
PlansThis year SPREAD plans to focus on the following areas:
- Regular weight tracking of 463 children in 12 project villages for identification of actual health status and on ensuring their deserved entitlements under ICDS.
- Training of Anganwadi workers, Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHA), members of mother committees on ICDS services. Identification and capacity building of the mother committee members.
- Media advocacy - highlighting issues of malnutrition and low birth weight in the area and advocating for better ICDS cervices.
- Ensuring proper prescribed pre-school and cooked food distribution services in 7 AWC’s in the project area.
- Promote inclusion of the document on tribal culture and practices as teaching text in the schools situated in the tribal areas of district.
- Developing 2 model schools in 2 operational villages in terms of – 100% enrolment, no drop outs through the year, regular attendance, proper infrastructure prescribed under SSA with school boundary, drinking water & toilet facility, clean school environment, quality MDM and quality teaching learning materials.
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