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Location

51 villages across 5 blocks of Nagarkurnool and Wanaparthy districts, Telangana
Thematic Intervention: Protection, Education


Project Context

Shramik Vikas Kendram (SVK) was formed in 1992 to undertake development work in Mahabubnagar district. Initially the project holder received a fellowship in 1994 from MV Foundation to work for tackling the root causes of child labor. The organization was further supported by the South Asia Poverty Alleviation Program of UNDP to carry out women development activities at Peddakothapalli Mandal. CRY first supported SVK in 1997. The support was directed towards eradicating child labor and enhancing livelihood options for the families in Peddakothapalli Mandal and Kollapur Mandal. SVK was supported by DRDA [District Rural Development Agency] and NCLP [National Child Labor Program] in its effort to eliminate child labor in the operational area. The Project Holder, Mr. Y. Laxman Rao hails from Kollapur Mandal in Mahabubnagar district. He also has experience of working on child labor issues through Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiah Foundation (MV Foundation).

Problem Statement:


Child Labor: There are 195 child laborers in the operational area out of which 103 are boys and 92 are girls. 38 are in 6-14 age-group and 157 are in 15-18 age-group. 29% belong to SC, 15% to ST and 56% to BC communities. 10/52 habitations are child-labor-free in the operational area. 53% are working in agriculture sector while 47% are in other unorganized works. 67% of the child labor are staying locally with their families. 3% of child laborers are staying with their families at migrated place. 30% are working on their own and staying away from home.
Children are employed in agriculture works, painting work, helper to electrician, plumbing, cell phone repair, television repair, construction workers, cleaners in trucks & JCBs, cleaners in route jeeps, auto-rickshaw driving, etc. Girl children are mainly involved in tailoring, embroidery, sales girls in cloth shops, construction work.
Dropout: There are 213 dropout in the operational area out of which 94 are boys and 119 are girls. 91 are in 6-14 age-group and 122 are in 15-18 age-group. 24% dropout belong to SC, 26% to ST and 49% to BC communities. 10/52 habitations are dropout-free in the operational area. 38% of the dropout are staying at home idle, 57% are helping their parents in farm works and 5% got married.

Poor economic conditions of the families and in-access to schools and low quality education are the main reasons for this. Other reasons observed are – no girls’ toilets in schools, bread-winner in the family dying.
Child Marriages: In 35/51 operational area villages there was no child marriage during 2017-18 (Surapur village in Lingala Mandal is added newly as 52nd village after the annual review and hence that is not counted here). There were 26 instances of child marriages reported during 2017-18 and 24 of them were of girls’. Project was able to stop 4 child marriages during the year. During 2016-17 there were 44 child marriages reported (operational area was bigger).
In 88% of the cases, child was either a dropout or child labor at the time of marriage. Education of 12% of these children was stopped after the marriage. None is continuing the education after the marriage. 2 of the 4 children whose marriages were stopped were actually studying in schools but even they too could not continue their education inspite of stopping their marriages. 8% of the cases were consanguineous marriages and there is considerable improvement in this. 77% of instances of child marriages were in BC community, 15% were in SC community and 8% were in ST community. 23% (6/26) of these children were 15 years or below at the time of marriage.

Achievements & Impact


Key Result Area: Ensure reduction of children in child labor in the project area
Ensure reduction of school dropouts in project area

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

25 child labor were mainstreamed (15 boys and 10 girls) in the age group of 6-18 years

* Project conducted awareness programmes / cultural programmes on the issue of child labor in 34 villages. Community Based Organization (CBO) members and Village Child Protection Committee (VCPC) members participated in these programmes.
* CBOs in 50 villages were involved in mainstreaming of child labor and dropout. They were instrumental in mainstreaming 10 dropout and 16 child labor.
* Project had 16 meetings with different print media personnel which resulted in publishing 50 news items on the issue of child labor during the year.
* 28 Sarpanches, 28 deputy sarpanches and 113 ward members were involved in sensitizing the parents on child labor issue. They were also instrumental in mainstreaming of 10 dropout.
* Initial discussions with 14 Panchayats in Lingala and Chinnambavi Mandals (Blocks) happened on the need to pass Panchayat resolutions against child labor. This will be taken forward next year also.
* Project arranged for health counselling sessions to 108 child labor. ANMs and Health Assistants visited the houses and spoke to parents and children about various ill effects that will be there because of the work they are doing.


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

44 dropout were mainstreamed (23 boys and 21 girls) in the age group of 6-18 years

* 36 primary, 12 upper primary, 11 high schools and 5 KGBVs, 5 social welfare hostels and 4 Ashram Schools were regularly monitored by project team.
* Caste certificates & Income Certificates were arranged for 358 families and bus passes were arranged for 198 children.
* 514/514 children moved from primary to upper primary school; 497/497 children moved from upper primary to high school and 462/478 children moved from high school to other higher secondary courses.
* Project has ensured regular meetings in 37/48 School Management Committees (SMC) and in 9/11 School Management and Development Committees (SMDC)
* 6 regular teachers and 69 Vidya Volunteers (Education Volunteers) were appointed by government in different schools.
* 70 teachers from 50 schools visited 203 families where child labor and dropout were there and motivated parents to mainstream those children.
* Project team conducted school festival programme in 44 schools to inspite the community to opt for government schools for their children's admissions.
* Project was able to ensure 2 convergence meetings by government in each of the 5 Mandals to discuss on the issues of child labor and child marriage and to plan / take appropriate measures to address the issues.
* In order to address the issues related to schools and hostels, Project team has done 10 times advocacy with Mandal Education Officers (MEO), 7 times with District Education Officer (DEO) and 5 times with Social Welfare Officers.
* 462/468 children passed in 10th standard exam (98.7%); 295/320 children passed in Intermediate (12th class) exam (92%).
* 52 Child Collectives were given training on how to organize the child collective meetings.
* Project team introduced two life skills modules in 12 child collectives - on "problem solving" and "creating thinking".
* Project initially identified 31 role models from 18 villages and later short listed 6 of them. These 6 children who are very active in variious activities will be inspiring many other children in their villages.
* 42/52 child collectives actively discussed about their school issues with their teachers. This helped in ecalating the issues to higher authorities.
* Project eam ensured the representation of children from 15 child collectives in the Gram Sabha (bi-annual village level all department meeting) who shared thier issues at the larger forum.
* Project team has encouraged child labor to participate in the child collective meetings and that resulted in 50 child labor participating in child collective meetings in 19 villages.


Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

3 child marriages were stopped (at the time of marriage) and another 12 were averted

* Project was able to arrange National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) job cards to 249 families, Widow Pensions to 20 widows, Old Age Pensions to 29 persons and Differently Abled Pensiions to 6 persons.
* Project was able to ensure admission for 17 girls from the most needy families into government welfare hostels and residential schools.
* Project team visited 259 families along with ICDS teachers, ASHA Workers and ANMs and sensitized parents against child marriages.
* Project team sensitized 378 families against traditions and customs that result in child marriages, harmful impacts of child marriage and against negative attitude towards girl children.
* Project team sensitized 32 religious leaders (Quazis, pastors and temple priests) and 30 caste leaders on the issue of child marriage and urged for their involvement in preventing child marriages.
* Project involved 34 teachers in 39 cases of child marriages and their intervention resulted in 11 famlies canceling the marriages.
* Project encouraged 20 gram panchayats to install display boards / wall writing against child marriages. 5 gram panchayats have written messages against child marriages on Panchayat office walls.
* Project team met with print media personnel 6 times and discussed about the issue of child marriages in the project area. This resulted in media publishing 11 news items on the issue of child marriage.
* 13 Adolescent Groups were formed during the year

Plans


Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Ensure 20% of the villages child labor free of the total operational villages

* Status of children and child rights violations identified and documented to develop action points for advocacy.
* Children are free from exploitation and realize their rights.
* Strengthened Government Schools with child friendly environment.
* Continuity of children’s education is ensured.
* Parents are motivated to educate their children.

Increase child marriage free villages in the operational area

Improved consciousness of community on the harmful impact of child marriages.
* CBOs taking active part in working against child marriages.
* Enhanced care and protection for girl child from ICPS
* Conscious adolescent girls’ groups against child marriages.

Motivated and vibrant child participation in operational area.

* Organize new children collectives in villages without any children collectives.
* Strengthen existing Children collectives through regular meetings.

Financial Summary: January to December 2019


Budget Breakup 2019

Education

3,888

8%

Protection

30,706

64%

Administration

13,026

27%

Total Grant Approved

47,620

100%