on the details of
Shramik Vikas Kendram (SVK) was formed in 1992 to undertake development work in Mahabubnagar district. Initially the Project Holder received a fellowship in 1994 from MV Foundation to work for tackling the root causes of child labour. The organization was further supported by the South Asia Poverty Alleviation Program of UNDP to carry out women development activities at Peddakothapalli Mandal. CRY first supported SVK in 1997. The support was directed towards eradicating child labour and enhancing livelihood options for the families in Peddakothapalli mandal and Kollapur mandal. SVK was supported by DRDA [District Rural Development Agency] and NCLP [National Child Labour Program] in its effort to eliminate child labour in the operational area. The Project Holder, Mr. Y. Laxman Rao hails from Kollapur mandal in Mahabubnagar district. He also has experience of working on child labour issues through Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiah Foundation (MV Foundation).
The main objective of the intervention is to ensure child rights protection through Community Empowerment in 184 villages, of which 98 are direct intervention villages (78 old and 20 new) in Peddakothapally, Veepanagandla, Kodair, Panagal and Kollapur Mandals of Mahabubnagar District, Andhra Pradesh.
Agriculture is the primary means of livelihood in the operational area. Labourers are not paid equal and minimum wages. Most of the people in this area migrate to the city of Hyderabad and other states in search of employment. As a result their children are forced to discontinue their education and engage in different forms of work. Families are not covered under different govt. welfare programmes. There are huge disparities among castes. SCs and STs are both socially and economically backward. With respect to specific child rights issues, the villages have high IMR. Main reasons had been irregular Auxillary Nurse Midwife (ANM) visits, inactive Primary Health Centres (PHCs), low Ante Natal Care (ANC) and low immunization of women and children, etc. There are 743 child labourers in the intervention villages. Schools face low enrolment ratio and high due to poor quality of education and lack of infrastructural facilities. 59 differently able children need disability certificates. 46% villages have not yet achieved 100% enrolment of children into schools.
- To ensure reduction in child labour & child dropout in the intervention area.
- To detect and stop all the child marriages as many are still not coming to light.
- To identify SAM children and to prevent & reduce malnutrition.
- Ensure reduction Infant Mortality Rate.
- Improvement in quality of education in the schools.
Review & Impact
SVK has been successful in generating mass awareness on child rights through mobilizing community collectives and interface with local Panchayats for ensuring activation of health care services. The Child Rights Protection Committees (CRPCs) are actively involved in monitoring the functioning of the available PHCs and SCs. Mahila Arogya Sangam (MAS) members ensure that pregnant women receive immunization and nutrition for themselves and their new born children. Panchayat Secretaries are also persuaded to issue birth certificates for the new born children. People are regularly sensitized on the prospective benefits from National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA). Adolescent girls were oriented on working as a pressure group to prevent marriage below the age of 18. Kalajatha programmes were organised at village level focussing on ill effects of child marriage. CRPCs, MASs have played an active role in the campaign. Girl Rights Protection Cells (GRPCs) have been formed in villages.
Following are some of the key program highlights of SVK:
- IMR was reduced to 12/1000 . 25 IMR was reported in operational area of five blocks.
- 94% children were covered under immunization.
- 5 sub centres were Strengthened.
- Out of 1842 children of 0-1 years, birth registration of 1530 children was done i.e. 83% and thus identity of children was ensured.
- 3 new ICDS were opened 6 ICS were strengthened through mass campaigning.
- 184 child dropu outs were identified and reduced.
- 104 children removed from labour and re-enrolled in schools .
- 9 out of 10 children collectives were strengthened by regular meetings and capacity building sessions.
- IMR to be reduced to 11/1000 through community mobilization to demand improvement of health services, campaign.
- 95% Children will be covered under immunization through ensuring proper delivery of health services.
- 1 PHC will be strengthened through awareness program on health issues, demand for better services like doctor, medicines and 24 hour services.
- 1 new Sub-centres will be demanded and sanctioned; 5 Sub-centres to be strengthened.
- 90% children of 0-1 years will be covered for birth registration.
- Mass campaign to demand 5 new ICDS centres and 6 ICDS centres will be strengthened.
- 3 more ICDS centres to be monitored through CBMS.
- 125 child labour will be removed from labour through child labour campaign
- 5 more villages will become child marriage free villages through campaigns.
- 100% enrolment of children (6-14 years ) in schools in 5 more villages through community monitoring of enrolment attendance and quality education in govt. schools .
- 100 drop out children to be re-enrolled in schools.
- 2 schools will be strengthened for quality education.
- 2 more Balala sanghams to be formed and 10 more Balal Sanghams will be strengthened.
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