on the details of
Shramik Vikas Kendram (SVK) was formed in 1992 to undertake development work in Mahabubnagar district. Initially the Project Holder received a fellowship in 1994 from MV Foundation to work for tackling the root causes of child labour. The organization was further supported by the South Asia Poverty Alleviation Program of UNDP to carry out women development activities at Peddakothapalli Mandal. CRY first supported SVK in 1997. The support was directed towards eradicating child labour and enhancing livelihood options for the families in Peddakothapalli mandal and Kollapur mandal. SVK was supported by DRDA [District Rural Development Agency] and NCLP [National Child Labour Program] in its effort to eliminate child labour in the operational area. The Project Holder, Mr. Y. Laxman Rao hails from Kollapur mandal in Mahabubnagar district. He also has experience of working on child labour issues through Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiah Foundation (MV Foundation).
The operational area of CRY supported project is spread over 31 habitations in 17 Gram Panchayats of Peddakothapally mandal of Mahabubnagar district. Agriculture is the primary means of livelihood in the operational area. Labourers are not paid equal and minimum wages. Most of the people in this area migrate to the city of Hyderabad and other states in search of employment. As a result their children are forced to discontinue their education and engage in different forms of work. Families are not covered under different govt. welfare programmes. There are huge disparities among castes. SCs and STs are both socially and economically backward. With respect to specific child rights issues, the villages have high IMR. Main reasons had been irregular Auxillary Nurse Midwife (ANM) visits, inactive Primary Health Centres (PHCs), low Ante Natal Care (ANC) and low immunization of women and children, etc. There are 743 child labourers in the intervention villages. Schools face low enrolment ratio and high due to poor quality of education and lack of infrastructural facilities.
- Universalization of free education and implementation of Common School System.
- Universalization of free health services for all children in the reference communities.
- Ensure that constitutional rights of children are protected.
- Promote participation of children in community life.
- Elimination of caste based and gender based discrimination in the society.
- Protection of rights of farmers, unorganized labour and women.
- Strengthen People Centred Advocacy.
Review and Impact
SVK has been successful in generating mass awareness on child rights through mobilizing community collectives and interface with local Panchayats for ensuring activation of health care services. The Child Rights Protection Committees (CRPCs) are actively involved in monitoring the functioning of the available PHCs and SCs. Mahila Arogya Sangam (MAS) members ensure that pregnant women receive immunization and nutrition for themselves and their new born children. Panchayat Secretaries are also persuaded to issue birth certificates for the new born children. People are regularly sensitized on the prospective benefits from National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA). Adolescent girls were oriented on working as a pressure group to prevent marriage below the age of 18. Kalajatha programmes were organised at village level focussing on ill effects of child marriage. CRPCs, MASs have played an active role in the campaign. Girl Rights Protection Cells (GRPCs) have been formed in villages.
- 10 new sub centres were activated in the project area due to SVKs advocacy efforts.
- 1068 of 1387 births were registered in the project villages.
- 10 more Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) centres were activated in the operational area.
- 201 children were identified who are involved in workforce. Advocacy efforts of SVK have helped these children to get free from exploitation.
- 70 villages were made child marriage free after SVK’s continuous support and monitoring.
- 11 village committees formed with representation of Differently Abled children.
- 4 more Balala Sanghams (Children’s Collectives) formed and 11 existing ones strengthened.
- Efforts to be made to reduce Infant Mortality Rate to 15 and further promote birth registration .
- 95% children to be covered under complete immunization.
- Formation and reactivation of 30 ICDS centres in the operational area.
- 200 more child labourers to be freed from work force. 6 more villages to be made child marriage free.
- Campaign for social security measures for unorganized sector workers in 80 villages.
- Conducting mass action for ensuring rights of the differently able children & implementation of the PWD Act of 1995.
- 100% enrolment to be ensured in 10 more villages and 10 more schools to be activated.
- To continue Mandal level Campaign on Common School System (CSS).
- Monitoring of schools in 10 villages with respect to implementation of RTE Act.
- Conducting baseline data collection in 20 newly covered villages.
- Formation of 20 child groups and strengthening of all the 98 existing groups.
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