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Background

Sankalp Manav Vikas Sansthan [SMVS] was established in 1992 by like minded youth from Beed - Parbhani region to support the oppressed members, particularly dalit women and children. Sankalp has been working on issues of caste discrimination and livelihood in Marathwada region. The organization is well established and has spread its campaign in Parbhani, Aurangabad, Jalna and Hingoli districts in Marathwada region. The organization is now working on land reclamation and related agriculture activities in Maharashtra. The Project Holder, Mr. Sudhakar Kshirsagar, hails from a Dalit background and has a good understanding of Dalit issues through his own life experiences. Sudhakar is well aware of the socio-economic situation of Marathwada region and in particular of the Parbhani district. SMVS’s target area covers 60 villages of Pathri, Manvat and Selu talukas of Parbhani District and 10 villages of Udgir taluka in Latur District. The CRY supported intervention area spreads across 40 villages.

Situation

While Maharashtra is considered a progressive state, it has inherent inequalities that systematically alienate certain sections of people. The region has powerful sugarcane lobbyists who have enhanced their own vested interests at the cost of the marginalized. Marathwada - which covers nine districts - is one of the least developed regions in the country and Parbhani district is the worst affected. Most of the people from the region come from scheduled castes, nomadic tribes and other socially backward classes. There is a very high degree of illiteracy (especially amongst women) and prevalence of superstition in the region. The irrigation facilities in the region are close to non-existent. As a result, agriculture, the main occupation of the people is largely rain fed. Fragmentation of land holdings has further compounded the problem. The poor monsoon, lack of ground water and the unproductive soil all contribute to extremely poor agricultural yield. Due to near drought conditions, there is scarcity of drinking water in the region and water for irrigation purposes.

Since girls are expected to contribute to the family chores, they are seldom able to attend school and are therefore forced to remain illiterate through adulthood. The predominant issues identified by the project are: landlessness, livelihood, migration, gender discrimination and caste discrimination. The regional focal issues identified are: poor infrastructure at school, difficulty in access to government health facilities and child marriage.

Objectives

  • To create awareness and educate the community on child rights.
  • Campaign for the right to education and right to work, with a special focus on capacitating the community to take forward the common school system (css) campaign.
  • Monitoring the ICDS program and motivating people to demand new centers in their hamlets.
  • Campaign on activating and retaining activation of health sub centers and primary health centers.
  • Campaign for enrolment of all children in government schools and for retention of all enrolled children.
  • To campaign for immunization, infant mortality rate, child mortality rate, regular health check ups and supplementary food.
  • Campaign for land encroachment and entitlement of the encroached land to continue.

Review


SMVS has played a critical role in establishing child rights across Parbhani district. Emphasis was laid on activating government services for the reference area as well as forming community collectives and empowering them to fight for the fulfillment of child rights in the area. SMVS has been implementing child rights based plans and has been able to interact with different stakeholders from the village level to the Zilla Parishad level to the Collectors level.

Some of their major achievements include:
  • SMVS facilitated the processes which lead to birth registration of 154 children.
  • 8 health sub centers were activated against the target of 7 sub centers for the year.
  • A total of 1922 children and 225 families were prevented from migration.
  • 102 ration cards were renewed through the year.
  • Due to the efforts of karyakartas, 2045 people filled applications for work under the National Rural Employment Guarantee scheme and a total of 1204 people got work.
  • The campaign on enrolment resulted in the enrolment of 598 children in schools in 60 villages.
  • The team succeeded in activating 12 adolescent girls groups and also laid emphasis on strengthening children groups.
  • Efforts to arrest child marriage cases through collective community action ensured that no child marriages took place during the review period.

Plans

  • Campaign for birth and death registration – all new births to be registered.
  • Campaign for activation of new and retaining existing public health centers (PHC’s) and health sub centers.1
  • Campaign for 100% immunization of children and pregnant women.
  • Ensuring health check ups for all eligible children.
  • Campaign for 100% enrollment of all children and retention of all enrolled children.
  • Campaign against child labor.
  • Revalidation that child marriages are taking place in the community or not followed by proper social action.
  • To inculcate the value of participation and enable groups of children, youth and women to participate in the macro life of their village.

ANNUAL FINANCIAL SUMMARY

  • Right to Survival
    $12,286
  • Right to Protection
    $295
  • Right to Participation
    $884
  • Administration
    $1,997
  • Total Grant Approved
    $15,462