on the details of
People’s Action for People in Need, also known as PAPN, is a non-profit organisation registered under the Societies Registration Act. It was established in the year 1982 by a group of young professionals. PAPN is the outcome of the idea to facilitate sustained rural development through education, community awareness for rights of marginalised and deprived section of the society. The first intervention of PAPN- a Socio-Economic Study of Sangrah Development Block was conducted during 1985. This study was followed up by small field level interventions focused on educational awareness building activities in a few villages of Sangrah Development Block. The remote and inaccessible parts of Shillai Development Block were also included in the project area of PAPN during the year 1989 to reach out to non-school going children through introduction of Non-Formal Education Programme with support from the Ministry of Human Resource Development. PAPN is operating in 5 Panchayats and 2 blocks of Sangraha and Ponta of Sirmour districts in Himachal Pradesh.
The 55 reference villages have been selected keeping in mind the difficult terrain, accesiblity issues of health care and nutrition care services from health department and WCD. A preliminary assessment of govt. institutions of schools and AWCs has also been done. All the above mentioned hamlets/ villages are majorly inhabited by SC community with poor socio-economic conditions. Sangrah and Shillai Development Blocks fall under the Trans-Giri region of Sirmour District of the northern Indian State of Himachal Pradesh which is comparatively least developed, inaccessible with the poor socio-economic status of the inhabitants. The whole Project area is hilly and rural with its eastern border with the tribal belt of Jaunsar-Bawar of Uttrakhand State.
The district has very low literacy rate especially among women and girls. Physical/Sexual exploitation of women and girls are very common in the area. Prevalence of social evils such as child marriage, alcoholism, rigid caste divisions and superstitions are seen. Health care facilities are inadequate, ineffective, neglected and non functional. Wide spread poverty, unproductive agriculture results in poor socio-economic status of the community. There is shortage of the safe drinking water, fodder and fuel wood. Inadequate and unhygienic sanitation facilities make the health condition of children more vulnerable. Some other prominent issues related to violation of child rights are – engagement of children in domestic and industrial labour, physical and mental abuse of children in workplace, diseases due to occupational hazards.
- To enhance preventive health care for women and children through regular immunisation and checkups, also to enhance reproductive & Child health care and nutrition in Transgiri region.
- To improve nutritional standards of children through strengthening functioning of food right schemes and enhancing community livelihood opportunities.
- To ensure access to education for all eligible children, to ensure activation and proper functioning of government schools as per RTE Rules.
- To strengthen community groups and engage them in monitoring availability and quality of health, nutrition and education services for children.
- Profiling of children in Labour and addressing its underlying causes to mainstream children in education.
- Strengthening children’s collectives for creating interactive spaces, leadership development and enhancing processes on right to participation.
Review & Impact
PAPN has been actively working in the child rights issues in Himachal Pradesh for a long time and has built a reputation of a well organized, rights based organization. They have implemented programmes on girl child education, strengthening local self governance, women empowerment etc in an effective manner.
Some of the achievements last year include the following:
- Out of 240 pregnant women, complete immunization of 138 women ensured and remaining women are under process of immunization.
- The issue related to irregularity in immunization of children in Panchayats was raised before Block Medical officer with list of children.
- Tracking of children from 0-5 yrs were done on a regular basis .As a result overall 18% children were found to be malnourished (moderate and Severely Acute Malnourished cases).
- Out of 1594 children (831 boys and 763 girls) under 06-14 years age, 823 boys and 751 children are enrolled in schools.
- 08 Teachers recruited in govt primary schools, 4 toilets have been constructed in Primary Schools.
- 24 drop out children have been linked to the school through meeting parents and discussion with concerned children.
- Mapping of schools (23 government primary schools and 09 middle schools) have been done as per norm of RTE.
- Case of child marriage, child labours and school drop outs have been identified from intervention villages and case studies developed for 28 children.
- 68 children under 06-18 years age have been identified as child labour of which 19 children are under 14 years age. The organisation has initiated profiling of each child to understand the reason of children being engage in labour.
- 60 households received employment under MGNREGA having severely malnourished children (SAM).
- 04 cases of child marriage prevented from intervention villages.
- Children groups have been formed in all 05 Gram Panchayat through building rapport with children and community. 03 new children groups formed.
- 21 children groups have been formed with involvement of 241 children.
- 100% complete immunization of pregnant women and children and improvement in immunization of schedule/timing.
- Reduction in infant and child deaths in intervention village .
- Improvement in health infrastructures and nutritional standards of SHC/PHC and CHC of intervention areas .
- Ensure enrolment and retention of all school going children in 6-18 years; Reduction in school drop outs in villages and improvement in regularity of students in school.
- ensitize community about ECCE and ensure pre-school education for children in 3-6 years in all AWCs under coverage area.
- Improvement in school infrastructures as per the RTE norms in 05 Gram Panchayat.
- SMC members organising regular meeting and raising issues related to RTE.
- Identification, situational analysis and mapping of protection institutions with focus on ICPS ensured and status report shared with stakeholders.
- Issues especially child labour, child marriage raised to be acted upon.
- Children engaged in children labour are mainstreamed in education.
- Regular meeting of children groups organised and process documented in all intervention villages of 05 Gram Panchayats.
- Child rights issues/ child rights violation documented through groups meeting /orientation/ capacity building processes.
- Children able to share issues/ raise issue at various forum and adult community acted upon to address the same.
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