on the details of
People’s Action for People in Need, also known as PAPN, is a non-profit organisation registered under the Societies Registration Act. It was established in the year 1982 by a group of young professionals. PAPN is the outcome of the idea to facilitate sustained rural development through education, community awareness for rights of marginalised and deprived section of the society. The first intervention of PAPN- a Socio-Economic Study of Sangrah Development Block was conducted during 1985. This study was followed up by small field level interventions focused on educational awareness building activities in a few villages of Sangrah Development Block. The remote and inaccessible parts of Shillai Development Block were also included in the project area of PAPN during the year 1989 to reach out to non-school going children through introduction of Non-Formal Education Programme with support from the Ministry of Human Resource Development. PAPN is operating in 5 Panchayats and 2 blocks of Sangraha and Ponta of Sirmour districts in Himachal Pradesh.
The 55 reference villages have been selected keeping in mind the difficult terrain, accesiblity issues of health care and nutrition care services from health department and WCD. A preliminary assessment of govt. institutions of schools and AWCs has also been done. All the above mentioned hamlets/ villages are majorly inhabited by SC community with poor socio-economic conditions. Sangrah and Shillai Development Blocks fall under the Trans-Giri region of Sirmour District of the northern Indian State of Himachal Pradesh which is comparatively least developed, inaccessible with the poor socio-economic status of the inhabitants. The whole Project area is hilly and rural with its eastern border with the tribal belt of Jaunsar-Bawar of Uttrakhand State.
The district has very low literacy rate especially among women and girls. Physical/Sexual exploitation of women and girls are very common in the area. Prevalence of social evils such as child marriage, alcoholism, rigid caste divisions and superstitions are seen. Health care facilities are inadequate, ineffective, neglected and non functional. Wide spread poverty, unproductive agriculture results in poor socio-economic status of the community. There is shortage of the safe drinking water, fodder and fuel wood. Inadequate and unhygienic sanitation facilities make the health condition of children more vulnerable. Some other prominent issues related to violation of child rights are – engagement of children in domestic and industrial labour, physical and mental abuse of children in workplace, diseases due to occupational hazards.
- To enhance preventive health care for women and children through regular immunisation and checkups, also to enhance reproductive & Child health care and nutrition in Transgiri region.
- To improve nutritional standards of children through strengthening functioning of food right schemes and enhancing community livelihood opportunities.
- To ensure access to education for all eligible children, to ensure activation and proper functioning of government schools as per RTE Rules.
- To strengthen community groups and engage them in monitoring availability and quality of health, nutrition and education services for children.
- Profiling of children in Labour and addressing its underlying causes to mainstream children in education.
- Strengthening children’s collectives for creating interactive spaces, leadership development and enhancing processes on right to participation.
Review & Impact
PAPN has been actively working in the child rights issues in Himachal Pradesh for a long time and has built a reputation of a well organized, rights based organization. They have implemented programmes on girl child education, strengthening local self governance, women empowerment etc in an effective manner. Some of the achievements last year include the following:
- 100% complete Immunization of children under 0-1 year ensured
- Increase in institutional delivery and safe delivery in 05 Panchayat areas
- Out of 899 children in 0-6 years group, growth monitoring ongoing for 833 children, 40 cases were identified to be severe malnourished category
- Out of 12 new ICDS centres demanded, 4 new centres were sanctioned
- 100% retention ensured in operational areas
- Out of 160 identified drop-out cases, 33 children were re-enrolled and their retention was monitored
- 28 child labour cases were identified – 7 children were rescued and enrolled into schools after sustained counselling and follow up
- 4 child marriage cases were reported – 1 case was stopped
- 15 ongoing children’s groups continued functioning actively, 3 new groups formed – total 1990 children continued as members of these groups
2014 Review & Impact [Till September 2014]:
The focus of this project in 2014 is on child protection (specially child marriage prevention & the girl child) and on education which is key to preventing child exploitation and abuse.
- CO’s have been organizing community awareness campaigns on child marriage, girl child issues and education across 9 villages.
- Work with the local government authorities to upgrade and strengthen the lower primary and primary schools, specially for preventing child marriages.
- Prevention of child marriages through motivation & counseling of children and parents.
- 6 child marriages have been prevented.
- New middle school has been approved.
- New anganwadi center has been approved.
- 200 children have been prepared & trained for writing the Morarji Desai residential school entrance exam.
- 3 children have been admitted to the residential school.
- Legal training has been imparted to 62 adolescent girls.
- 148 school drop out children have been identified.
- 22 drop out children have been re-enrolled in public schools from Grade 3 to 10.
- 127 births have been registered across villages.
- 539 children have been immunized across 8 villages.
- 107 pregnant women have been immunized across 8 villages.
- 23 malnourished children have been identified and referred to the PHC & Nutrition Center.
- 223 children have been engaged in the Children’s Collectives – they have had 17 meetings across 5 villages, specially discussing the issues of child marriage & education.
- Awareness programs for panchayats and village leaders on the importance of education & ill effects of child marriage
- 100% complete immunization of pregnant women and children, improvement in immunization of schedule/timing
- Improvement in health infrastructures of SHC in Jarag and Koti Dhiman Gram Panchayat, reduction in infant and child deaths in intervention villages
- Establishing child malnutrition as critical issue in the district and ensure access of Govt. services related to nutrition care for all children in 0-6 years age group
- Ensure enrolment and retention of all school going children in 6-18 years, reduction in school drop outs in villages and improvement in regularity of students in school
- Sensitize community about ECCE and ensure pre-school education for children in 3-6 years in all ICDS centres within the reference area
- Ensuring community monitoring of schools, ICDS and health centres
- Identification and documentation of all child protection issues and its situational analysis
- Identification of child marriage plans and intervene through community & local administration, police and institutions
- Identifying child labour cases, bringing them out of workforce through counselling and community action and mainstreaming them into formal schools
- Documentation of Child participation processes and experiences of the organization
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