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Location

2 slums in Panchkula Municipality of Haryana
Thematic Intervention: Education


Background

People’s Action for People in Need, also known as PAPN, is a voluntary organization registered under the Societies Registration Act. PAPN is the outcome of the idea to facilitate sustained rural development through education, community awareness and promoting and strengthening the community based organizations of the marginalized, deprived and oppressed sections of the society, leading to their empowerment. The project holder, Mr Kuldeep Verma, held the position of the members of the State Consultative Group of NGOs constituted by the Himachal Pradesh state government for the purpose of providing interaction between the NGOs and the Civil Servants in the State, Himachal Pradesh Environment Protection Council and State Health and Advisory Committee. Strong advocacy taken up on right to education with School Management Committee members, members of Mahila Mandal for demand of school infrastructures, teacher recruitments, school upgradation and with government officials/ department for approval of school board examination centre, government transport facilities for school children etc. In the last two years, PAPN phased out gradually from the operational area in HP and started focusing on education issues of Haryana, which has been identified as a critical state in education by CRY programming strategy.

Problem Statement:


The project’s target slum dwellers of Kharak Mangoli and Gandhi Colony are largely unskilled laborers, who have migrated from different districts of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Bihar, over 90% of whom belong to scheduled caste and come from farm labor and marginal farming occupations. Food and shelter is the priority for almost all of them. Most of them depend on daily wages in nearby factories & small scale industries, rag picking, rickshaw pulling, begging as well as selling vegetables on roadsides, or women working in nearby houses as maids. While the intervention in these slums is not even a couple of year old, the freshly initiated efforts couldn’t help with drop out of 494 (36%) out of 1,405 children in the age group of 6-18 years, which is quite high when compared to similar pockets in Indian cities. The dropout rate among children aged 14 - 18 year is 44%. A lot of the children here have never been to school, and many of them are engaged in child labor / gainful economic activities. The area also lacks basic amenities like potable drinking water, households’ toilet, and sanitation & hygiene issues. Open defecation is also a dominant practice in the absence of toilets and water supply. There are only two water tap installed inside the slum area for an approximate population of 5,000 people. As informed by the community, during the rainy season the hygiene situation in slum becomes precarious and children become more vulnerable to seasonal diseases. In absence of education, some children inside the slum are into substance abuse, drug addiction, begging and forced labor.

The children from both the slums are required to cross roads to assess the Anganwadi centers for preschool education and schools for standard classes. The children are facing multitude of problems due to prevailing attitude of community/ parents on education of children. In the project slums, education of children is not a priority as most of the children are either never been to school or dropout at early age. Those who are enrolled are mostly irregulars as they are engaged in household chores, sibling care or fetching water from the faraway places. In the operational areas, School Management Committees (SMC’s) are formed but committee members are not involved in the school monitoring and management as they are not aware about their roles and responsibilities. At the same time, there have been delays in supply of school text book for children in new academic year impacting school education of children as well as delay and even denial of school bag/ uniform, scholarship to eligible children due to apathy of the education departments which is common phenomena across.

Achievements & Impact


Key Result Area: Improve project team and community’s understanding on early childhood education and care

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

* Map status of early childhood education and share the findings of gap analysis with CDPO, DPO and other associated stakeholders and initiate planned interface engagements.
* Ensure children in the age group of 3-6 years are enrolled in the centre and get early school readiness education.
* Conduct study on WASH focusing water carrying source, sanitation situation and waste disposal places.

* 65 children in the intervention area are now enrolled in the ICDS center through regular tracking and monitoring.
* Conducted one survey to understand the status of Anganwadi centers. Status report was shared with the Child Development Project Officer (CDPO).
* WASH Study findings shared with Municipality officials.


Key Result Area: Increase enrolments and retentions among 6-14 years aged children from project target communities

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

* Tracking of all the children in the age group of 6-14 years.
* Transition mapping from primary to elementary to be done.
* Periodic assessment of children during the implementation of remedial education at CAC.
* Ensure all Children started actively participating in CAC.
* Facilitate development of school improvement plan by community, teachers, parents and duty bearers.
* Conduct drop-out analysis in first quarter, and based on this conduct enrolment campaign to ensure no children remain unenrolled.
* Develop retention tracking module to ensure there is not mid-year drop-outs.
* Conduct capacity building of School Management Committee (SMC) members.

* 40 drop out children has been mainstreamed by the project.
* The digital education has been initiated with children in the age group of 15-18 years.
* In order to improve the participation of the children, project formed 4 children groups with membership of 100 children. Regular monthly meetings are organized with each group, records of which are well maintained.
* Project prepared a gap analysis report in interface with community, teachers, parents and duty bearers. Project has shared the list of never been to school children and drop out children with Block Education Officer and follow-up is being done on initiating a bridge course inside the target slums.


Key Result Area: Ensure government policies and program on education for the children in the age group of 14-18 year are effectively implemented

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

* Tracking of all 14-18 year of children in the slum area on quarterly basis.
* Provide remedial study supports to needy children.

* Throughout the year, Project has done pre-testing of 14-18 years old children enrolled in Child Activity Centers (CAC). As per project report, pre-testing done with 22 children in Bhainsa Teeba and 18 children in Khadak Mangoli CACs.
* 2 Drop Out children from the CAC have been linked to NIOS for board exams.

Key Result Area: Empower communities to access educational services in both the slum of Kharak Mangoli and Gandhi colony

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

* Conduct regular meeting of CBO’s with defined agenda on a fortnightly basis.
* Conduct regular meeting of children /Adolescent group on fortnightly basis with pre-set agenda.
* Facilitate regular meeting in all the SMCs in the project area on fortnightly basis.

* Project conducted regular meetings with children groups and adolescent girls groups. At present there are 4 children groups and 3 adolescent groups functioning in the intervention area. Total members of children groups are 76 and the adolescent girls groups are 45.
* Regular meetings were conducted in 2 women groups.

Highlights on community action and government interface:


Toilets were installed – None of the household in Bhainsa Teeba slum has toilet nor there any common community toilets in slum. Therefore, 100% of the population was defecating in the open, which has severe implications for health of population in general and children in particular due to their susceptibility. In order to bring change in this scenario, team organized meetings with community members and sensitized them on its hazardous effects and proposed the idea of community toilets. A demand was generated from community for the mobile toilets and letters were written to District Legal Service Authority (DLSA) who then forwarded the request to Municipality. As a result of team’s regular follow up, 2 mobile toilets were installed in the slum which is now accessed by all the slum population. Though there are people who still go for open defecation as a matter of habit, but the number of people going for open defecation has reduced significantly.

Plans


Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

100% children in the two slums are retained in schools in the ongoing year 2019.

* Ensure enrolment of 50% of dropout and never been to school children in Child Activity Center (CAC). * Mainstreaming of out of school children in schools and provide regular academic support to children enrolled in the year 2019. * Improve pedagogy in CAC by promoting joyful learning methodology and teaching on concepts. * Transition mapping from primary to elementary to be done to ensure 75% transition from primary to elementary. * Assist parents / children in getting documents required in school admission. Approach Directorate of Education in case children are denied admission in school on the basis of no/missing documents.



Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Children from operational area acquired life skills and exercise their agency towards the fulfillment of their rights during the ongoing year 2019.

* Conduct session for community Workers on rolling out of child activity centre programming. * Capacity building of members of children, adolescent and youth group with the support of the module provided by CRY child centre. The capacity building sessions will be organized during monthly meetings with children and adolescent groups on the key thematic areas like life skills and self empowerment, proactive thinking skills, emotional intelligence, interpersonal communication, health and nutrition, reproductive health, substance abuse, emotional health, children rights. * Academic inputs provided to 14-18 year children by the academic coordinator. * 60 children between the age group of 14-18 to be identified and enrolled in digital learning center.

Financial Summary: January to December 2018


Budget Breakup 2018

Education

15,280

69%

Administration

6,777

31%

Total Grant Approved

22,057

100%