on the details of
Kharak Mangoli and Gandhi Colony slums in Panchkulla Municipality of Haryana
Thematic Intervention: Education
People’s Action for People in Need, also known as PAPN, is a voluntary organisation registered under the Societies Registration Act. PAPN is the outcome of the idea to facilitate sustained rural development through education, community awareness and promoting and strengthening the community based organisations of the marginalised, deprived and oppressed sections of the society, leading to their empowerment. The project holder, Mr Kuldeep Verma, held the position of the members of the State Consultative Group of NGOs constituted by the State Government for the purpose of providing interaction between the NGOs and the Civil Servants in the State, Himachal Pradesh Environment Protection Council and State Health and Advisory Committee of HP. Till last year the project was working in the area of Himachal Pradesh on protection issues ,since that was the criticality of the intervention area, however, over the last 5 years, the organisation has developed good understanding on education rights of children. Strong advocacy taken up on right to education with School Management Committee members, members of Mahila Mandal for demand of school infrastructures, teacher recruitments, school up-gradation and with govt. officials/ dept. for approval of school board examination centre, government transport facilities for school children etc. Eventually, PAPN phased out from the operational area in HP and started focussing on education issues of Haryana, which has been identified as a critical state in education by CRY programming strategy.
Amidst rapid economic growth and urbanization in Haryana, there are large numbers of slum population in Panchkulla city who reeling under denial and deprivation of the basic human rights and entitlement where child rights scenario is abysmally very poor. The slum dwellers of Kharak Mangoli and Gandhi Colony are largely unskilled labourers, depends on daily wages in nearby factories/small scale industries, rag picking, rickshaw as well as selling vegetables at roadside. . Despite implementation of RIght to Education Act with promise of free and compulsory education 11% slum children under 6-14 years are out of schools. There is one government primary school near Kharak Mangoli slum which caters slum population whereas middle school is around 4 km away from the slum areas. In the operational areas, School Management Committees (SMC) are formed but committee members are not involved in the school monitoring and management and they are unaware of the roles and responsibilities. At the same time, there have been delays in supply of school text book and uniforms denial for children in new academic year impacting school education of children as well as delay in the process which is a common phenomenon across the state.
- Develop understanding on child rights situation in intervention areas, identify vulnerability of children and develop advocacy strategy on children's right to education.
- Ensure enrolment of all children under age groups of 06-11 years, 11-14 years and 14-18 years in schools from intervention slums of Panchkula.
- Strengthen Children's voices through formation and grooming of children's collective and engage duty bearers to ensure children's right to education.
Achievements & Impact in the Review Period
Till last year, the organisation was based on Sirmour district of HP. In partnership with CRY the focus of intervention was on Child Protection and education as part of differential programming in Himachal Pradesh. Substantial progress was made with regards to stakeholder engagement on protection and education related issues, highlights of which are as follows:
- The organization has formed 17 adolescent girls groups involving around 1100 children and regular meeting and orientation held. This process the capacitated children to open up/raise issue regarding child marriage happening in their village/ case of sexual abuses and filing cases for action.
- The empowering process with children group also resulted to stop 15 cases of child marriage
Major achievements in the year include:
- The organization has build rapport with village child protection committee (VCPC) and facilitates d meetings of member to make them aware about their role and responsibilities under ICPS. Interface of community, Panchayati Raj Institutes (PRIs), Village Child Protection Committee (VCPC) members also organized.
- Liaison and coordination held with District Legal Service Authority (DLSA), district police, Child Welfare Committee (CWC) members, District Child Protection Unit (DCPU) through contact meeting, sharing and follow up issues.
- Strengthened advocacy on right to education processes undertaken with SMC members, members of Mahila Mandal for demand of school infrastructures, teacher recruitments, school up-gradation.
- On issues like approval of school board examination centre, government transport facilities for school children etc were taken up before Dy Director of Education, Transport department, chief parliamentary secretary as well as the Chief Minister of the State which resulted approval of 10th board exam centre at Khud High School as well as operation of govt bus service from Dadahu to Khud-drabil Panchayat. Also, infrastructure development in schools including construction work/renovation of school toilets carried
For the year ahead and beyond that, the organisation has decided to intervene in high critical districts of Panchkulla Haryana, where education situation is critical.Hence, the team members have visited neighbouring districts of Ambala, Yamunanagar and Panchkula for identification of potential areas for child rights interventions, understanding child rights issues and prioritise issues etc. The organisation has also initiated handing-over plan of ongoing processes at community level through organising meeting of community, Mahila Mandals, Youth/adolescent girls group. Effort has been made to sustain the processes through follow up plan of community level and prepare end-line report of intervention. The further plans for this year for the organisation are as follows:
Focus 1: Develop understanding on child rights situation in intervention areas, identify vulnerability of children and develop advocacy strategy on children's right to education
- Advocacy strategy to be in place based on status of child vulnerability in intervention areas. This will be contributed through Baseline survey ; analysis of data and preparation of status report of children for further programming ; tracking of children of 0-18 years age group ; capacity building of team members of various state and national govt. policies/ programs / schemes and also prepare reference materials on these.
Focus 2: Ensure enrolment of all children under age groups of 06-11 years, 11-14 years and 14-18 years in schools from intervention slums of Panchkulla.
- Children access to right to education ensured as per the norms under RTE Act through tracking of all children ; ensuring profiling of never been to school children, drop-out children and irregular children and documenting reasons thereof for analysis; follow up at household level for mobilization of parents and children for enrolment of children in schools and ensure their retention.
- Children Activity Centre- CAC (2 nos.) set up for remedial support and children being mobilised for enrolment in schools. The activities will be setting up of CACs in Gandhi Colony and Kharak Mangoli slums; mobilize and motivate children through direct interaction with children/ children groups to ensure their enrolment and regularity in schools; regular remedial sessions for children from different standards to improve their learning levels;
- School dropout/out of school children linked with open schools system as well as education under skill development program. The activities planned are –
- Profiling of school dropout children of 14-18 years of age group.
- Identify children from intervention areas to be linked with open school system/ IGNOU. Motivate children through discussion/counselling to pursue further education.
- Identification of children engaged in economic activities and linking them to Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna under Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Govt of India.
- Rapport building with community through organizing monthly meeting to discuss child rights issues including children access to education.
- Facilitate interface of community, School Management Committee (SMC) members, teachers, Municipal counsellor/s, members to discuss issues related to school education, school infrastructures, Mid-Day-Meal (MDM) implementation etc. and develop action plan based on the issues raised.
- Team capacity Building on School Development Plan (SDP), role and responsibilities of School Management Committee (SMC).
Focus 3: Strengthen children’s voices through formation and grooming of children's collective and engage duty bearers to ensure children's right to education
- Children collectives formed and interface with duty bearer initiated on child rights issues with focus on education. The activities planned towards achieving this outcome are-
- Formation of children groups and adolescent groups to make them aware about their rights and responsibilities through meetings / orientations on child rights issues, importance of education , schemes and programs impacting their lives.
- Capacity building of children groups through Theatre in Education ( TiE) and capacitate leadership skills among children
- Interface of children groups with community, duty bearers on child rights issues through organizing meeting, events for children groups and sensitize duty bearers on issues impacting children at family/community and system level.
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