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Background

OMRAH was registered as a society in 1987-88. OMRAH possesses ample experience of working in the rural areas as well as in some selected urban slums in Cuttack. The organization was providing health services in urban slum areas of Cuttack from 1992 to 1996. They took up a research project on reproductive health practices in a tribal block of Phulbani District sponsored by ICMR. In 1992, OMRAH was awarded a project under PVOH-II sponsored by USAID covering 106 villages in 14 Gram-Panchayats in undivided Cuttack District. In 1987 it started intervention by organizing health camps in the villages and organizing Sunday clinics. It expanded its outreach to more than 100 villages through PVOH- II project in 1992. From 1997-98, the CRY extended support to OMRAH for comprehensive health care services to 15 villages. Under this program, OMRAH provides the outreach maternal and child health care services through its mobile medicare unit. OMRAH has come a long way in its approach and strategy. Post 2006, OMRAH is strengthening its adolescent programme through peer education. It is also sustaining the rights based programs for the holistic development of children along with disaster preparedness programmes. At present OMRAH is working in Nischintkoli block of Asureserwar Panchayat of Cuttack district. Operating area of OMRAH in CRY project comprises of 18 villages.

Situation

OMRAH is directly working in 18 villages of Nischintkoli Block in Cuttack district. The majority of the population comprises of scheduled caste and other backward communities, agriculture being the main occupation. Flood is a recurrent and perennial problem in the villages. Landless and marginal families face oppression and are forced to migrate due to lack of sustainable livelihood options. 4% of children are in the age group of 0-2 years, among which 54% are male child and 46% are female child. Children in the age group of 3-5 years are 6% of total population. The prominent child rights violations identified in the operational area are child malnourishment, low birth weight, high incidence of infant mortality and high drop-out rate among children, particularly among the age group of 15-18 year. Child labour is also seen as a prominent issue in the area. Over the years the percentage of working children is increasing in the area, a big population of the adult labourer migrate to the Cuttack city for construction works. The government health services system, ICDS scheme and Public Distribution System (PDS) are inaccessible to the backward communities. Consequently, women and children from these communities remain deprived of basic health care and immunization services and supplementary nutrition support thereby resulting in a high rate of malnourishment. 35%-40% school going children are irregular in schools which is a critical issue that need to be addressed. The number of the actual drop outs is much higher than the school records.

Objectives

  • To ensure proper implementation of different government schemes for women & children
  • To ensure 100% immunization among under five children
  • To strengthen Adolescent girls group to act as change agent for their peers
  • To activate ICDS centre with special emphasis on quality SNP, to ensure quality mid-day meals in schools, to ensure food security for all needy families through Antodaya Anna Yojana
  • To ensure quality education for children from 6-14years in 17 schools
  • Strengthening the process of children’s collectives

Review


Since last 13 years CRY is supporting OMRAH for intervention in 18 villages with the objective to make the villages as ensured child rights. In the 13 year collective intervention of CRY and OMRAH some significant changes were made. Nabadiganta Gram Unnayan Samity (NGUS) was formed and become functional to ensure child rights issues in these villages. The focus of intervention has also changed from direct service delivery mode to a more holistic right based approach.

    Some highlights of the organization in this year are:
  • 90% institutional delivery in government health institutions, 70% new birth cases registered
  • Identification of Malnutrition status among under-five children completed in five select operational villages
  • Ensured community monitoring on ICDS centres in five villages on quarterly basis
  • 100% immunization ensured in all the 18 project villages, increased awareness among local communities on the needs of immunization and birth registration
  • Out of 2584 children(06-14 yrs)2582 children enrolled in schools, clean and separate toilet facilities ensured in all schools in the operational areas
  • Base line data base updated in 18 of the project villages covering health and education aspects of children
  • Children action groups were involved in expressing their views on the problems they are face through children’s observation and appeal card.

Plans

  • Strengthening village level community collectives [Gaon Kalyana Samiti] in 18 project villages
  • Ensure appropriate and rational treatment of Childhood morbidities in 18 project villages
  • Tracking, recording and grading of Malnutrition status of under 0-5 years children in operational villages. Proper follow up of the grade 2 & 3 children
  • Tracking of the malnutrition status of 100% children in the age group of 0-5 in 10 project villages apart from the 5 villages done in last year
  • To activate the pre schooling and supplementary food distribution services of ICDS through community involvement
  • Raising demand for adequate infrastructure and adequate number of teachers in primary schools as per the RTE Act
  • To ensure proper delivery of the social security schemes in the project area. (With focus on PDS/NREGA) by involving volunteers and peoples’ organizations
  • To strengthen the process of children observation and appeal card on primary education issues

ANNUAL FINANCIAL SUMMARY

  • Right to Development
    $2,776
  • Right to Survival
    $6,369
  • Right to Participation
    $490
  • Administration
    $6,696
  • Total Grant Approved
    $16,332