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Background

OMRAH was registered as a society in 1987-88. OMRAH possesses experience of working in the rural areas as well as in some selected urban slums in Cuttack. The organization was providing health services in urban slum areas of Cuttack from 1992 to 1996. They took up a research project on reproductive health practices in a tribal block of Phulbani district sponsored by ICMR. In 1992, OMRAH was awarded a project under PVOH-II sponsored by USAID covering 106 villages in 14 Gram-Panchayats in Cuttack district. In 1987 it started the intervention by organizing health camps in the villages and organizing Sunday clinics. It expanded its outreach to more than 100 villages through PVOH-II project in 1992. In 1997 they expanded to comprehensive health care services to 15 villages, including maternal and child health care services through its mobile medicare unit. Post 2006, OMRAH strengthened its adolescent program through peer education. It is also sustaining rights based programs for the holistic development of children along with disaster preparedness programs. At present OMRAH is working in Nischintkoli block of Asureserwar Panchayat of Cuttack district. Operating area of OMRAH for the CRY project comprises of 18 villages.

Situation

The majority of the population comprises of scheduled caste and other backward communities, agriculture being the main occupation. Flood is a recurrent and perennial problem in the villages. Landless and marginal families face oppression and are forced to migrate due to lack of sustainable livelihood options. 4% of children are in the age group of 0-2 years, among which 54% are male children and 46% are female children. Children in the age group of 3-5 years are 6% of the total population. The prominent child rights violations identified in the operational area are child malnourishment, low birth weight, high incidence of infant mortality and high drop-out rate among children, particularly among the age group of 15-18 year.

Child labor is also seen as a prominent issue in the area. Over the years the percentage of working children is increasing in the area, as a big population of the adult labor migrate to Cuttack city for construction works. The government health services system, ICDS scheme and Public Distribution System (PDS) are inaccessible to the backward communities. Consequently, women and children from these communities remain deprived of basic health care, immunization services and supplementary nutrition support, thereby resulting in a high rate of malnourishment. 35%-40% school going children are irregular which needs to be addressed and the number of the actual drop outs is much higher than the school records.

Objectives

  • To promote reproductive and child health services among disadvantaged population.
  • To create educational opportunities through Balwadis for pre school children and through Non Formal Education Centres (NFE) centers for school dropouts, particularly girls.
  • To provide health care services on preventive and curative aspects with a focus on health education, for adolescent girls and mothers.
  • To develop more understanding on child centricity among the members of the Nabadingata Gramya Uniyan Sangha (NGUS).
  • To enhance the scope of direct interface by the community to the government department for accessing and monitoring of the government services.
  • To continue the children’s cultural program in the community to enable child centricity.

Review


  • Nabadiganta Gram Unnayan Samity (NGUS) promotes and ensures child rights issues in 18 villages.
  • 90% institutional deliveries conducted through government health institutions.
  • Identification of malnutrition status among under-five children in 5 select operational villages.
  • Community monitoring on ICDS functioning initiated in five villages on a quarterly basis.
  • In 18 villages, women group monitored ICDS services in their villages through report card regarding six basic services of ICDS and shared it in Peoples’ Organizations.
  • 100% immunization ensured in all the 18 project villages and increase awareness on immunization and birth registration among the communities for children in the age group of 0-1 year.
  • Base line data base updated in 18 of the project villages covering health and education aspects of children.
  • Children action groups were involved in expressing their views on the problems they are face through children’s observation and appeal card.
  • Village committees are actively working for the development of village, especially in involvement of the landless in NREGS.

Plans

  • Tracking of the malnutrition status of 100% children in the age group of 0-5 in 10 project villages apart from the 5 villages done in last year.
  • To activate the pre schooling and supplementary food distribution services of ICDS through community involvement.
  • Raising demand for adequate infrastructure and adequate number of teachers in primary schools as per the RTE act.
  • To initiate campaign for enrolment of drop out and/or left out children with focus on girl child enrolment.
  • To ensure proper delivery of the social security schemes in the project area. (With focus on PDS/NREGA) by involving volunteers and peoples’ organizations.
  • To strengthen the process of children observation and appeal card on primary education issues.

ANNUAL FINANCIAL SUMMARY

  • Right to Development
    $6,088
  • Right to Survival
    $4,195
  • Right to Protection
    $2,010
  • Right to Participation
    $1,252
  • Administration
    $6,213
  • Total Grant Approved
    $19,757