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OMRAH was registered as a society in 1987-88. OMRAH possesses ample experience of working in the rural areas as well as in some selected urban slums in Cuttack. OMRAH was providing health services in the Cuttack urban slum areas from 1992 to 1996. They took up a research project on reproductive health practices in a tribal block of Phulbani District sponsored by ICMR. In 1992, OMRAH was awarded a project under PVOH-II sponsored by USAID covering 106 villages in 14 Gram-Panchayats in undivided Cuttack District. From 1997-98, the CRY project support has been providing comprehensive health care services to 15 villages. Under this program, OMRAH provides the outreach maternal and child health care services through its mobile medicare unit. OMRAH has come a long way in its approach and strategy. In 1987 it started intervention by organizing health camps in the villages and organizing Sunday clinics. It expanded its outreach to more than 100 villages through PVOH- II project in 1992. Training of other NGOs on health issues was taken up to create larger impact. Mobile training started in 2000. Post 2006, OMRAH is strengthening its adolescent programme through peer education. It is also sustaining the rights based programs for the holistic development of children along with disaster preparedness programmes.
OMRAH is working in Nischintkoli block of Asureserwar Panchayat of Cuttack district. Operating area of OMRAH in CRY project comprises of 18 villages. 28% of total population comprises of SC 20% are General caste people. Other backward community comprises of 43% of population and Muslims are 11% of total population. Children in 0-2 years amount to 4% of the population, among them 54% are male child and 46% are female child. 3-5 years of children are 6% of total population. Operational area is an agricultural area. Socio-economic-political controls are in the hand of the limited population. Landless and marginal families, when they are not able to sustain their livelihood at local level in agriculture and employment generation work of the panchayats, they are migrating to outstation for livelihood. 28% of the population, mainly belonging to the schedule caste families are landless. Flood also damages the land of the marginal farmers. Due to feudal structure of the society, religion is playing the major role in deciding the economic and social activities. The prominent child rights violations identified in the operational area are rampant malnutrition, high incidence of infant mortality and high drop-out rate among children, particularly among the 15 – 18 year old children. Child labour too is rampant. The meagrely available government health services, including the ICDS, are inaccessible for the backward communities. Consequently, women and children from these communities remain deprived of basic health care and immunization services and supplementary nutrition support thereby resulting in a high rate of malnutrition.
- To create educational opportunities through Balwadis for pre school children and through NFE centers for school dropouts, particularly girls.
- To provide health care services on preventive, promotive and curative aspects with focus on health education, to adolescent girls and mothers.
- To develop more understanding on Child centricity among the members of the Nabadingata Gramya Uniyan Sangha (NGUS).
- To enhance the scope of direct interface by the community to the government department for monitoring of the government services.
- To continue the child cultural programme in the community for strategic sensitization of the community in community mobilsation process on child centricity.
Review and Impact
OMRAH is in partnership with CRY since 1998. Over the years, the organization has shifted its approach from service mode to rights based mode. It has taken initiatives for mass mobilization in the region to address the regional focal issue. OMRAH is operating in the coastal area of Orissa where social structure is itself exploitative in nature and for that it is necessary to support the organization to go forward and work towards changing the social structure to be more favorable towards the deprived.
- Overall awareness on RTE has increased in 18 project villages.
- 100% Immunization ensured in all the 18 project villages.
- Awareness on immunization has increased among the communities for children in the age group of 0-1 year.
- Base line data base updated in 18 of the project villages covering health and education aspects of children.
- In 17 villages women group monitored ICDS services in their villages through report card regarding six basic services of ICDS and shared it in People Organizations.
- 7 Children action groups were involved in expressing their views on the problems they are face through children’s observation and appeal card.
- 8 Village committees are actively working for the development of village, especially in involvement of the landless in NREGS.
- Tracking of the malnutrition status of 100% children in the age group of 0-5 in 5 project villages.
- To activate the pre schooling and supplementary food distribution services of ICDS through community involvement.
- Raising demand for adequate infrastructure and adequacy of teachers in primary schools as per the RTE act.
- To initiate campaign for enrolment of drop out and/or left out children with focus on girl child enrolment.
- To ensure proper delivery of the social security schemes in the project area. (With focus on PDS/NREGA) by involving POS & Volunteers.
- To strengthen the process of children observation and appeal card on primary education issues.
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