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Background

The organization was started in 1993 by Mr. K. Morang Maring. He hailed from a tribal community and realized that the people of such communities are deprived from any kind of development. These people lived in the hills and were dependant on forest and forest products. But fast deforestation was a threat to their livelihood and two major ethnic conflicts in the area led to displacement of the tribal communities from the hills to plains. NEEDS was actively involved in reducing the Naga-Kuki conflicts in 1993-96 and also Kuki-Paite conflicts in 1996-98. Since 2005, NEEDS worked with people affected by ethnic conflicts in 10 villages in Churachandpur and Chandel districts. Income generating projects were introduced through 26 Self Help Groups (SHGs). Capacity building of people like farmers, youth leaders, community leaders, general public was done, where NEEDS sensitized 784 people on environmental issues, HIV/AIDS, conflict analysis and peace building. NEEDS also worked for capacity building of other CBO’s and NGO’s of North East India. 70 NGO’s were capacitated on conflict analysis and peace building.

Situation

The intervention districts are located adjacent to Imphal as a business center which has resulted in outbreak of many conflicts. The districts are inhabited predominantly by tribal communities and almost all the people practice shifting cultivation by cutting the forest. The non-tribals are migrants from other districts coming for business set up at Moreh International trade centre. There are no public health centers or health sub-centers in the vicinity of the project villages. There are inadequate number of Anganwadi workers at ICDS centers and Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHA) in the project villages. Institutional delivery is as low as 16% of total child births. Villages located with regular road links and transportation services have better health care coverage compared to those located in the interiors and remote areas. There are a total of 19 public schools in the 16 project villages under 4 blocks. Out of the 16 operational villages, 13 villages are newly settled after the internal displacement in the border area of the Chandel district and Myanmar after the violent ethnic conflict between Naga and Kuki. As this area lies next to Moreh, the issue of trafficking is also rampant. In 2008, 22 trafficking cases were highlighted by NEEDS. Networking activity and awareness at the community level on the issue is needed.

Objectives

  • To enhance nutritional and health status of children in the operational area.
  • To ensure proper care and protection of children through community mobilization on child rights issues.
  • To improve the status of education of children in the operational area through activation of public schools in the operational area.

Review


CRY supported work by NEEDS covers 16 villages of Chandel and Thoubal district of Manipur. Organization and its team members have developed the understanding on child rights and have started work to address child right issues. Some of the achievements of NEEDS in last year are:
  • 602 children immunized.
  • 54 births being registered in 2011.
  • Reduction in the incidence of common diseases.
  • Increase in regular health checkups from the government health departments.
  • 461 children were regular in ICDS centres in 16 villages.
  • Services improved in ICDS centres, in terms of provision of additional nutrient support.
  • 36% institutional deliveries ensured in 2011 in comparison to 19% in 2010.
  • 81 pregnant mothers had regular health checkups.
  • 97 pregnant women were completely immunized.
  • 15 ASHA, 4 ANM, 12 ICDS workers became active and made regular visits at community level.
  • 546 children enrolled in government school in the year 2011.
  • The school drop out number reduced from 71 children in 2010 to 16 children in 2011.
  • 16 operational villages were made free of child trafficking and child labor.
  • 866 children are regular in child centres and free from occurrence of substance drug abuse.
  • 1016 children in 16 villages are engaged in the children’s process.

Plans

  • Increasing coverage of immunization and birth registrations.
  • Activation and regular supply of food nutrients from Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) and the Public Distribution System (PDS).
  • Awareness and capacity building of women and community leaders on activation of health services.
  • Activation of public schools where there are no schools.
  • Ensure equal education opportunity to all children.
  • Engagement of children in education activities and protection from substance abuse.
  • Creation of a forum for adolescent children.
  • Prevent and protect children from being trafficked.
  • Ensuring girl children get equal treatment and opportunities from parents.

ANNUAL FINANCIAL SUMMARY

  • Right to Development
    $4,420
  • Right to Survival
    $5,327
  • Right to Protection
    $4,054
  • Right to Participation
    $5,359
  • Administration
    $6,971
  • Total Annual Grant Approved
    $26,130