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Mahila Mandal Barmer Agor [MMBA] aims to uplift the status of marginalized Dalits by ensuring their involvement in local development processes, with a focus on women & people with disabilities. Since its inception in 1991, MMBA has been instrumental in addressing issues related to women's empowerment for which they received the Women’s Commission Award in 1997. The Project holder, known to all as Adil Bhai, holds 12 years of experience in the development sector in the western Rajasthan region of Barmer. The inspiration to work in the sector was derived from witnessing his mother, Mrs. Mumtaz Ben (who is now the chairperson of the organization) in action as a social activist working among the disadvantaged community in the region. He has been an active member of the State Alliance Jan Morcha since the past eight years. He has served as the Regional Convener for three consecutive years from 2002-2005. Currently, interventions of MMBA are spread over 15 villages in 12 Panchayats of Jaisalmer District in Rajasthan.


Jaisalmer is the largest district of Rajasthan but has lagged behind in the development process. In the reference area, other backward castes and minorities are found to constitute nearly 60% of the population, while the scheduled tribes and scheduled caste account for 23% and 14% of the total population respectively. Drought is predominant and recurrent in the region, which in turn adversely affects the local livestock and prospects of farming. Water scarcity is rampant due to irregular rainfall and inadequate irrigation facilities. The local economy is crippled with large scale devastation of life, material and crop loss. With poor yield from agriculture and non-availability of livelihood options, people are compelled to migrate to neighboring districts and states. Availability of drinking water from the ground level resource is very limited due to high fluoride content in the water.

Child Rights indicators reflect a dismal state – of both awareness and achievement. Gender discrimination is rampant, as is evident by the high incidence of female infanticide and confinement of girls in household activities. Retention in schools beyond primary level of education is a major problem for both boys and girls. The scattered settlements and the distance from schools is a major hindrance to continuing education. Children drop out of school at an early age and get engaged in construction work, tourist services and in hotels. Atrocities against Dalits are also common in the region. Against this backdrop, MMBA aims to uplift the status of the marginalized dalits by ensuring their involvement in local development processes, with a focus on women and people with disabilities.


  • To improve the social, political, educational, health and financial conditions of the deprived dalits, women and people with disabilities.
  • To generate awareness on the basic rights of the people.
  • To work against exploitation of women, dalits and people with disabilities.
  • To create awareness on water resource management.
  • To strengthen the panchayati raj system for developmental activities.

Review and Impact

MMBA initiated formal interventions in the development sector in 1991 and since then has been intervening in a diverse range of programs through which it has earned recognition at the state and national levels. MMBA has sustained it’s presence in Barmer over the last 16 years and the rights based orientation of MMBA is evident in its programs. The organization’s involvement with CRY has largely focused on issues of disability, dalit rights and women’s empowerment. MMBA’s expertise in intervening on the disability issue, increases its potential for lobbying for people centered advocacy.

Highlights in the review period include:
  • 100% birth registrations and immunization was done.
  • Ante natal care was provided to all mothers in the operational area.
  • Supplementary nutrition was provided to all mothers in 8 ICDS centers.
  • In the operational area, all CBOs (community based organizations) in the villages were active on health issues.
  • 100% enrolment of children (6-18 years) in formal school in 18 villages.
  • Mobilized the community through CBO’s to ensure that issues related to education assume priority in the agenda of Panchayat resolutions.
  • Organized women’s rally in the district of Jodhpur for taking up women’s issues at the district level.
  • Active participation of MMBA formed CBO’s during the 3rd Jan Morcha Sammelan at Jodhpur.
  • Regular engagement with the CBOs on child marriage and building their understanding on the Child Marriage Prohibition Act.


  • Co-ordinate with Anganwadi workers, government school teachers for registration of all new births and unregistered old births.
  • Mobilize the women’s group to keep a vigil on the functioning of the government health and education centers.
  • Mobilize community demand for availability of drinking water.
  • Mobilize Village Education Committees to monitor enrolment and retention status as well as quality education at the Panchayat level.
  • To build and strengthen district level forum for taking up women’s issues.
  • Capacity building on disability rights and demanding better services for rehabilitation & development from the government.
  • Networking on issues of dalit rights.
  • Interface between children’s groups and local level governing bodies to be initiated.


  • Right to Development
  • Right to Survival
  • Right to Protection
  • Right to Participation
  • Administration
  • Total Grant Approved