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Location

26 villages of 5 blocks in Latur District, Maharashtra
Thematic Intervention: Protection & Education


Background

Kalapandhari Magas Vargiya and Adivasi Gramin Vikas Sanstha (KMAGVS) was established by Mr. B.P. Suryavanshi, initially in the form of a voluntary effort to run a children’s pre-school centre (Baalwadi) with the support received from the wife of a military officer. It was formally registered in the year 1986 in the name of the parents of Mr. B.P Suryavanshi. In the year 1998, Mr. Suryavanshi decided to engage full-time with the organization. KMAGVS attributes its transition to the rights-based development approach to the influence of CRY. It grew from strength to strength, and started intervening in about 40 villages by 2001-02, in about 65 villages by 2005-06, and is now expanding operations to nearly 90 villages with support from many agencies including CRY. Children being the thrust of the project taken up by the organization with support from CRY, it focused on ensuring child rights by focusing on a number of issues of children, particularly relating to survival and development. It has organized groups of children in various villages and has been conducting processes for nurturing children’s creativity and enhancing responsiveness of institutions important in the lives of children.

Problem Statement:


Latur district is a district in Marathwada region of Maharashtra state of India. Most of the people in this region come from scheduled castes, nomadic tribes and other socially backward classes. These social classes, broadly classified as ‘Dalit’, represent the lowest rung of the social ladder as per ancient Hindu law. There is a very high degree of illiteracy (especially amongst the women) and prevalence of superstition in the region. The dalits, who are seldom aware of their constitutional rights, are exploited by practically any person in power including rich landowners. The primary schools are 3 to 5 kilometers far from villages predominantly inhabited by the Scheduled Tribe and Dalit communities. Thus children from marginal families without enough care and attention drop out from the schools. Most of the parents are illiterate, landlessness and do not hold any other productive assets. Thus, they heavily depend on unskilled / manual wage work for sustenance. The poverty and lack of enough locally available livelihood opportunities force the poor families to migrate for sustenance. This affects both enrolments and retention in the schools. The schools don’t have adequate infrastructure such as separate classrooms and teachers for every classes, libraries, play grounds, safe drinking water, and toilets. Children are required to travel almost 10 kilometers for the secondary school for many villages. This becomes burden for poor parents which lead to dropout in secondary schools.

These conditions in the project area become favorable ground for gainful engagement of children into child labor even as they hardly turn 13 or 14 years in age. Locally, they get engaged into farming fields of the local landlords and of Sahukars (traditional exploitative creditors). And, if mature children are migrating with parents, they engage small time jobs in shop floors and assistants to vehicle mechanics. At the migrated places there is no proper shelter, nutrition, health check up and medical facilities and so children become malnourished and at times fall ill. Many children in the project villages are forced to drop out of school after completing lower primary school (class 5th) and become child labor in sugarcane cutting, brick kiln industry to support their family. In Latur district, 5.3% of the total child population is child labor and they constitute 7.2% of the total workforce. Also because of all these circumstances, including migrations, families ensure to get their girls married off, to relieve themselves of all attendant responsibilities. In the district, 31.3 % marriages are below the legal age of women. The drop out of girls and their premature marriage also happens due to social norms and beliefs. While physical security is an issue for girls, getting girls educated entails looking for suitably qualified match for marriage, which would mean increased dowry demands. Thus, education of children is not a priority for parents in the project area, which this intervention is going to address.

Plans


Key Result Area: Reduction in incidence of child marriage in 26 project villages in Latur

* Listing of vulnerable girls in the age group of 11 to 18 years in schools, especially class 8th / upper primary school pass outs, and engage with them and their families through home visits with the help of VCPC, and linking them with government schemes, scholarships and hostel admissions to secure schooling and higher education for them;
* Formations of adolescent groups and sensitize them towards gender issue, decision making, career and impact of child marriage on children, so that they work for prevention of child marriages;
* Organize interface meeting between adolescent group and VCPCs to highlight the issue of child marriage;
* Identify and promote role model on prevention of child marriage and motivating girl child for higher education;
* Organize interface meetings to ensure effective networking and coordination among District Child Protection Unit (DCPU), Children Welfare Committee (CWC), Village Child Protection Committee (VCPC), District Social Welfare Officer, Police Patil and Gram Panchayat on the issue of child marriage.
* Interface with government, elected representatives, VCPC and other stakeholders for timely sanctioning and opening of 10 hungami vasti gruh (seasonal homes) for girls’ enrolment to save them from migration, child marriage and child labor

Plans


Key Result Area: Reduce child labor in 26 project villages in latur district

* Promote and facilitate project stakeholder and leaders sensitive to child rights become members of child protection committees, child labor task force so that child labor cases are dealt properly to ensure safe rescue and complete rehabilitation;
* Ensure children and adolescents are prevented from becoming child labor listing out vulnerable children in school and encouraging them for higher education and admission residential schooling. And, by organizing adolescent groups to include out of school, and continue tracking them through groups meetings and home visits, especially for out-of-school children / children of families with history of migration;
* Tracking & engagement with 100 identified vulnerable families with adolescent children through regular follow-up and home visits to ensure no children get in to labor, to develop them as role model for families across 26 villages, and initiate process of peer learning through meetings & Kalapathak performances on child labor.
* Organize awareness session / Kalapathak street play by adolescents to disseminate information regarding prevention of child labor and migration.

Plans


Key Result Area: Statutory agencies such as DCPU, CWC, JJB, 3 BCPC and 26 VCPC are fully established & effectively functioning as per norms

* Conduct regular interface meetings with District Labor Officer and Officials with responsibility of child protection, share the gaps and raise demand for formation of CPCs;
* Facilitate 26 VCPCs are functional and are able to identify and report cases child protection right violations such as child marriage, child labor, Child abuse to concerned child protection structure.
* Finalize Gap Assessment Report on children’s institution and share in interface meetings.
* Develop Child Welfare Committee (CWC) at Latur as a model CWC, proactively dealing with child protection cases as well as activating the structures (26 VCPC/ 1 DCPU).

Key Result Area: Community structures are strengthened and proactively working to protect children

* Community cadre identified (20 male and 20 female) and trained to support in program implementation in new area and conduct meeting with 381 identified families.
* Women institutions formed and activated for involvement in child protection program (identification and referral of child protection cases).
* Children groups for children aged 8-14 years formed and ensuring regular meetings, activities to promote their participation.
* Identify out of school children with support of CBOs and children groups and re-enroll them with the support of village cadre and SMC members.

Financial Summary: January to December 2018


Budget Breakup 2018

Protection

20,258

78%

Administration

5,623

22%

Total Grant Approved

25,881

100%