on the details of
Jan Kalyan Samiti (JANAK) came into existence in 1996 as Uttarakhand Jan Kalyan Samiti. It was formed by a group of people from various academic backgrounds who believed in social change through collectivization. JANAK has made conscious efforts towards advocating for children’s and women rights and developing livelihood opportunities for the local people which will in turn protect lives of their children. The organization focuses on working with poor, marginalized sections of the society towards making them aware for of their rights. JANAK also believes that social and economic development can be achieved by people’s participation. The Project Holder, Mr. Surendra Bhandari is an advocate by passion and a journalist by profession. He has been working in Ghat Block of Chamoli district on issues of displacement due to the hydro electric project, livelihood, creating alternative agricultural practices and gender and children’s rights.
JANAK is intervening in 11 villages covering 10 panchayats of Ghat block in Chamoli district. Half of the population is Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST). Some of the alarming issues of the intervention villages are repetitive displacement due to Hydro power project, inactive PDS and defunct ICDS centres. Women in the project area are extremely malnourished. This leads to low birth weight and underweight children. There are many cases of miss carriages due to irregularity in Ante Natal check up. In most of the cases child birth takes place in the homes by untrained birth attendants. PHCs are non functional in all the villages. One of the major reasons for under-weight children is malnutrition. None of the ICDS centers are equipped to identify malnutrition at the earliest stage. Retention of children in the schools is another big challenge that acts as an obstacle for quality education. Non availability of adequate facilities for children in the schools and seasonal migration are some prominent issues in the area.
- Ensure access to proper health services by the women and children.
- Creating awareness among the masses about education.
- Accessibility of government education facilities to all children in the target area.
- Analyze the reason of child labour.
- Combating Child labour through community action.
- Developing space for children to share the feelings and opinion and finally participate in all decision making process.
- To encourage and empower youths of the community and stop gender based discrimination.
Review and Impact
JKS is working in the most neglected block of Chamoli district which adds to the plight and increases the vulnerability of the people living in the villages. The area is vulnerable to displacement and migration due to various hydro power projects. Hunger, poor health and indecent living standard are barriers to a child potential development as well as survival. At one point when the community is facing socio economic and political problems the organization is able to understand the larger systemic issues and plans to address the root causes.
- Immunization coverage ensure to 286 children within 5 years of age and 113 pregnant women.
- Birth certificate issued to 113 new born children.
- Identification of the Village Health Committees in the operational area and sensitization of 60 members of the VHC on their roles and responsibilities.
- Advocacy efforts of JANAK lead to implementation of NREGA. 287 families got 50 days of work and 508 families got 100 days work.
- 43 child labor were identified and linked to formal education and 764 children involved in various household work were mainstreamed into education.
- 11 children’s groups were formed to make children aware of their basic rights. Children’s participation was ensured in various decision making processes.
- Observed days of national importance with child participation and organized programs like the Bal Mela.
- Ensuring quality health to women and children.
- Meetings among the Panchayat health committee and community for monitoring of the sub center.
- Activation of Anganwadi Centre and linking children in the age group of 3-6 years.
- Activation of schools and regular meetings with communities on Right to Education (RTE) and its provisions.
- Meetings and discussions with child laborers about their grievances and problems.
- Meetings of women groups with parents of child laborers and discussion about their family conditions.
- Creating pressure on schools by community for enrollment of such children.
- Meeting of Community Based Organizations (CBO) and discussion about preventing child marriage. Discussions about the ill effects of child marriages in women group meetings.
- Strengthening of the children’s group and adolescent groups.
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