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Background

Jana Kalyan Sansthan (JKS) was formed in 1996 as Uttarakhand Jan Kalyan Samiti by a group of people from various academic backgrounds, who believed in social change through collectivization. The organization has worked on people’s right, research, conservation of the environment, women and child development, livelihood opportunities and knowledge building. The Project Holder, Mr. Surendra Bhandari, is the current secretary and a founder member of JKS. Mr. Bhandari, an advocate by passion and a journalist by profession, has been working in Ghat Block of Chamoli district on various issues, such as displacement due to the hydro electric project, livelihood, alternative agricultural practices, gender and children’s rights. The organization focuses on working with the poor, marginalized sections of the society towards making them aware of their rights. The organization also believes that social and economic development can be achieved through people’s participation.

Situation

JKS will be working in 11 villages under 10 Panchayats of Ghat Block of Chamoli District of Uttarakhand. 9 of the 11 villages are located in the catchment areas of the proposed hydro electric power project. Child labor is also a major concern in all these villages. Problems related to livelihood is a cross cutting issue and has multiple effects on the life of women, children and youth. Caste based discrimination and issues related to land are major factors of marginalization. Systemic issues related to health and education are negatively impacting the lives of children and women. The total number of households in the intervention area is 1333. It is seen that the total SC and ST population is half of the total general population. The sex ratio in the Ghat area is 986 and remains fairly similar in the intervention villages. There are cases of female feticide in the areas. People belonging to the scheduled caste (SC) and scheduled tribe (ST) communities have less access to livelihood sources. Most of the families in the intervention villages are landless laborers and depend on daily wages for their livelihood. Another predominant issue that characterizes the Ghat Block is migration and seasonal migration.

Objectives

  • To combat the problem of migration from the mountains by evolving a process of developing avenues for livelihood and self employment in the rural areas.
  • To advocate for the rights of the people.
  • To work towards women’s empowerment and achievement of the goals of the Panchayat raj system through community awareness.
  • To facilitate a process for formation of an equitable society and improving people’s participation in the decision making process.
  • To empower the youth of the community and to stop gender based discrimination.

Review and Impact


JKS is working in the most neglected block of Chamoli district. The area is characterized with various hydro power projects which add to the people’s vulnerability in term of loss of livelihood, poverty, indebtedness and migration. Hunger, poor health and indecent living standard are barriers to a child’s development and survival.

Highlights in the review period include:

  • 100% immunization of pregnant women and children.
  • 100% birth registrations of new born children and certification in all the intervention villages.
  • Interaction done with 3 ANMs and 8 asha sahayogi’s.
  • 34 Trained Birth Attendants (TBAs) were identified and 32/59 deliveries were conducted at home by the TBAs.
  • Capacity building of 23 community members through 1 workshop.
  • 18 Village Education Committee (VEC) members were contacted and 10 Gram Pradhans were sensitized.
  • 30 PRI representatives (panchayat – local leaders) were sensitized on the issue of child rights.
  • 30 children were identified but none of them could be mainstreamed.
  • 230 people were informed about the ill effects of the hydro power project in the area through 3 meetings.
  • 11 children’s groups were formed and 212 children included in the groups.

Plans

  • Ensuring quality health for women and children.
  • The community will ensure birth registration of all children within 21 days. SDM will be sensitive and make special efforts towards ensuring certification of children.
  • The Village Health Committees (VHC’s) will be strengthened.
  • Health issues will be brought up in the aam sabha of the panchayats by the VHC.
  • Improvement in the health status of children in the age group of 0-6 years.
  • Collecting, analyzing and circulating information related to livelihood schemes within the community.
  • The Village Education Committees (VEC’s) have been formed but none of the VEC members are aware of their roles. All 10 VECs are inactive – they need to be activated.
  • 11 children’s groups will develop an understanding on child rights.
  • Children along with the help of the community members will organize days of national importance in their community.
  • All children across the intervention area will come together and a mela (festival event) will be planned by the children.

ANNUAL FINANCIAL SUMMARY

  • Right to Development
    $2,218
  • Right to Survival
    $1,020
  • Right to Protection
    $805
  • Right to Participation
    $1,054
  • Administration
    $5,354
  • Total Grant Approved
    $10,451