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Jai Bheem Shikshan Sansthan [JBSS] was conceived in 1993 to ensure quality education for all children of deprived and marginalized communities, discriminated against in the Govt. schools. Between 1993 and 2000 JBSS, in collaboration with the Govt. has opened many schools in the Jodhpur district but gradually realized that only school education cannot help in the overall development of children, but experience based education is also essential. In 2001 JBSS started working towards addressing discrimination against women, children and laborers. With the change in the scope of the organization, the name also changed and it became Jai Bheem Vikas Shikshan Sansthan (JBVSS). 2001 was the year of paradigm shift for JVBSS. The organization started working towards awareness generation and organizing vulnerable and marginalized section of the society, especially dalits and women. The Project Holder, Mr. Tuslidas Raj is a well known dalit activist in western Rajasthan region and is one of the founder members of Dalit Adhikar Akta Manch (DAAM) supported by CRY in the region. JBVSS is a new CRY partner from January 2008 onwards. The current intervention area is spread across 13 slum clusters covering 3 wards of Jodhpur city and 24 villages in Mandore block of Jodhpur district, Rajasthan.
Jodhpur is a prime tourist attraction in the state of Rajasthan while Mandore is also a historically important city. The entire area, part of Western Rajasthan, is arid with scanty rainfall [only 15 days in a year] and sandy and loamy soil. Ground water is rich and soft favoring cultivation of pulses, wheat, bajra and a variety of spices. Besides this building stones, stone slabs and flagstones are mined in the district on a regular basis. Minerals like quartz and clays of various colors and dolomite are also available in the district. Livelihood is caste based in this area. While the SC’s are more into agriculture and mining labor activities, the Bhils (ST’s) are the most economically deprived and dependent on natural resources. The Rajputs, Brahmins and Jains (general caste) are into business. Due to lack of any other alternative sources of livelihood in the village, people are forced to work in inhuman conditions in stone quarries, mines and in nearby industries as laborers. Mining industry employs the largest number of labor when compared with any other industry in the area and more than 90% of mine workers are dalits.
The social system of the area is full of inequalities. Caste, creed and gender based discrimination is rampant in this area. Social slavery has made the dalits indifferent and they never think to come out of their current situation. Even today the children of the area face discrimination in schools, during mid-day meals and in drinking water. Along with the issue of violation of human rights, labor right, water right, unemployment, lack of education and poor health facilities are the other problems of the area. Children are commonly affected by occupational health hazards and other contagious water-borne diseases.
- Promote leadership among the dalit community (men and women both).
- Formation of a union of the mine labors of Jodhpur Districts which would advocate for the implementation of their rights.
- Generation of awareness in women about their fundamental rights so that they could come forward to participate in the development process through active involvement.
- Ensure implementation of rights of children in the area through awareness generation in the community, family members, teachers and other people who directly or indirectly influence the life of children.
- Formation of women’s collectives including Dai’s to advocate for their issues.
Review and Impact
Jai Bheem is a new CRY partner taken starting from Jan 2008. The main focus of the organization was towards development of leadership among dalit men and women through collective action. Prior to initiation of CRY support, 70 women's collectives and 17 men's collectives were functional in 34 villages – these were further federated into block level collectives with 14-17 members in 7 blocks. The organization is also starting its interventions in Jaisalmer district.
The organization has an idea about child rights as it has been earlier associated with CRY through the network. The organization has attempted a situational analysis wherever it is working, though the programs do not necessarily address all issues emerging from such an analysis. The organization appears to have transparent financial systems is open to working with various stakeholders depending on the requirement. Jai Bheem Vikas Shikshan Sansthan is working to ensure the rights of mine laborers specifically focusing on dalits and tribals. An attempt has been made to create opportunities and spaces for children of the region through JBVSS. The mining issue and condition of unorganized sector needs to be addressed.
- 50% of all the new births will be registered and will get birth certificate in the 10 target villages of Beru Panchayat.
- In one village attempts will be made to register 75% of new births. Community level actions will be managed through community collectives.
- Attempts will be made to collect data about all the ICDS centres in Beru Panchayat to understand the functioning of the ICDS.
- Demand will be created to activate the defunct centres and status of children will be shared with the resource agency Vatsalya.
- 50% of all the new pregnant women in the 10 target villages under Beru Panchayat will be covered under ante natal care.
- Dai’s and ANM’s would provide information on ante natal care and the government health staff will be sensitized and activated towards the issue.
- Baseline data collection will be carried out in all the target villages.
- As per the baseline data, a strategy will be developed to mainstream all children deprived of education.
- Awareness will be created on quality education.
- In 10 villages 75% enrolment of children in schools will be targeted.
- Formation of mining labor union in one block.
- Regular community level meetings of union members will be organized in villages and elections will be organized to elect the representatives.
- 2 days workshop will be organized on dalit right, labor right (mines worker) with the community to strengthen village level activists who will take up issues across the targeted villages and beyond.
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