on the details of
Gorakhpur, Varanasi, Mau and Azamgarh districts of Uttar Pradesh, India.
Thematic Intervention: Protection
Guriya started working since 1992 to address the issues related to children of sex workers and to fight against forced prostitution. Guriya started its journey with adoption of 3 children of a woman in prostitution (WIP). After fighting their cause for all these years with the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), National Commission for Women, running educational programs for the children of the WIP, Guriya has been able to break the nexus of mafia-pimp-police to a great extent. The team is now concentrating on eliminating second-generation prostitution, preventing child prostitution and trafficking of women and children for prostitution and other forms of sexual exploitation. It also works on creating an exploitation free red light area. The strategy is to create awareness among the women in prostitution of their human and civil rights and to end their dependence on the criminal nexus in the ‘red light areas’.
Key Issues Addressed:
The extent of trafficking in the eastern parts of Uttar Pradesh is grave, and inaction on part of the administration makes it even worse. The geographical location of the state makes it feasible for the origin, transition and culmination of trafficking. There has been an increase in the number of people missing from the state and it includes mostly minor girls and women. With further breakdown of the data, 94% of the missing persons are from backward and scheduled caste.
Children and women are easily trafficked to other states of the country as well as cross border. In the past few years, there has been a major increase in the cross border trafficking through Nepal as it shares a free border with India. While women and children are particularly vulnerable to trafficking for the sex trade, human trafficking is not limited to sexual exploitation. It also includes persons who are trafficked into 'forced' marriages or into bonded labor markets, such as sweat shops, agricultural plantations, or domestic service. One of the most important constraints in developing sustainable and comprehensive strategies to combat trafficking has been the lack of validated data and information. Law enforcement is hampered by serious limitations as trafficking is a very complex crime, extending beyond the jurisdictional boundaries of law enforcement officials. This is further compounded by lack of proper procedures for assessment of age of the rescued victims, inadequacy of women police staff, and absence of training / orientation / infrastructure as well as public support systems.
- Understanding gravity of trafficking in the district of Maharajganj and reasons thereof and develop preventive strategy on child trafficking.
- Community sensitized on issues of trafficking and empowered to develop community level child-friendly protective mechanism to address child trafficking.
- Capacity Building of stakeholders ensured so that constructive engagement among different duty bearers strengthened and action taken up towards addressing Child Protection issues.
- Advocacy towards strengthening protection mechanism as well as fulfilling norms of infrastructures and workforce ensured as per ICPS (Integrated Child Protection Scheme) in the District
Achievements & Impact in the Review Period
Guria with support from CRY has been intervening in Gorakpur, Varanasi, Mau and Azamgarh, the 4 intervention districts of Eastern UP. These districts are origin, transit and culmination point of child trafficking and child prostitution. Eastern UP is the area with high incidence of child trafficking and child prostitution because of its geographical location. The team has been working on the issue of trafficking and with the children in sex trade and children of sex workers whose number has been increasing almost every day. Uttar Pradesh is known for source, transit and destination area of trafficking and it is difficult to overlook this issue. In such a situation, the team’s work in rescuing trafficked children, following the cases through legal intervention (to punish the traffickers) and generating awareness among people is important. Guriya has constructively engaged with concerned national institutions (NCPCR(National Commission for Protection of Child Rights ), NHRC(National Human Rights Commission )), local administration, police, Supreme Court, regional judiciary and security forces (SSB). The team is also engaging in policy making to control human trafficking at the national level. Major achievements in the review period include:
- Discussions held with support of Childline team on child protection issues with focus on child trafficking, issues related to Indo-Nepal border.
- Case profiling done with regards to children being trafficked, child labor and bonded labor due to unsafe migration.
- Baseline survey conducted covering 20 villages and 871 households of which 546 are Scheduled Castes. Total Child Population: 2126 (1108 + 1018).
- Discussion was held to discuss maintaining of movement register for all villages and ensure tracking of all children less than 18 years.
- Awareness meeting conducted with community in intervention villages of Sevatari, Tuthibari, Jhingti, chandithan with regards to local issues, PDS(Public Distribution System) ration and functioning of schools.
- Families have been identified where there is issue of migration which impacts children’s education, health as well as safety. Village-wise analysis sheet is under process.
- Discussion held with Panchayati Raj Institutes (PRI) and local leaders to ensure labor card for laborer and also facilitate different benefits under the program.
- Contact meeting held with Seema Sasastra Bal (SSB) and also school teachers and SMC (School Management Committee) members with regards to child rights issues, issues related to migration, school dropout, safety of children etc.
- Village-wise status sheet of children is under process to assess situation of children in intervention areas.
- Interaction with children from intervention areas through village visit and school visit undertaken as part of forming children’s groups.
- Initial discussion held with child and adolescent girls in intervention areas on child protection issues. Child group formation is in process for further facilitation of group on protection issues.
- Understanding of Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS) and Juvenile Justice (JJ) Act and State Rules.
The broad plans for this year are as follows:
Understanding gravity of trafficking in the district of Maharajganj and reasons thereof and develop preventive strategy on child trafficking.
- Preventive strategy on issue of unsafe migration and child trafficking developed through capacity building of team on child protection issues, preventive government. mechanisms; profiling of cases of missing children and bride trafficking and its analysis; collection of data /evidence from victim families /children.
Community sensitized on issues of trafficking and empowered to develop community level child-friendly protective mechanism to address child trafficking.
- Child Tracking mechanism in place to assess child vulnerability. This will be contributed through tracking of children under 18 years; developing format for movement register of children at village level and follow up ; maintenance and updation of movement register in monthly meeting at village level; Village level awareness meeting on child protection issues related to unsafe migration and trafficking and on child protection mechanism.
- Children at risk of trafficking due to household vulnerability identified and action taken up by community, through identification of families and assess vulnerability of children; sharing information with block and district administration; meeting with PRI members and block panchayat for registration of families in migration.
- Children groups to be capacitated on protection issues and able to share issues/raise alarm on the same for action.
Capacity Building of stakeholders ensured so that constructive engagement among different duty bearers strengthened and action taken up towards addressing Child Protection issues.
- Capacity building of duty bearers leading to reporting of cases as well as addressing issues of trafficking of children/missing children.
Advocacy towards Strengthening protection mechanism as well as fulfilling norms of infrastructures and workforce ensured as per ICPS (Integrated Child Protection Scheme) in the District.
- To ensure improvement in infrastructure and staffing in protection mechanism through developing an understanding on ICPS, JJ Act and State rules; visiting and liaising with members of CWC (Child Welfare Committee) , DCPU(District Child Protection Unit) and SJPU(Special Juvenile Police Units) at district and state level; sharing of issues identified at community/children collective level with block/district level stakeholders
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