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Background

Guriya started working since 1992 to address the issues related to children of sex workers and to fight against forced prostitution. Guria started its journey with adoption of 3 children of a woman in prostitution (WIP). After fighting their cause for all these years with the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), National Commission for Women, running educational programs for the children of the WIP, Guriya has been able to break the nexus of mafia-pimp-police to a great extent. Guriya is now concentrating on eliminating second-generation prostitution, preventing child prostitution and trafficking of women and children for prostitution and other forms of sexual exploitation. It also works for creating an exploitation free red light area. The strategy is to create awareness among the women in prostitution of their human and civil rights and to end their dependence on the criminal nexus of prostitution in the ‘red light areas’.

Situation

The extent of trafficking in the eastern parts of Uttar Pradesh is grave, and inaction on part of the administration makes it even worse. The geographical location of the state makes it feasible for the origin, transition and culmination from point of view of trafficking. There has been an increase in the number of people missing from the state and it includes mostly minor girls and women. With further breakdown of the data, 94% of the missing persons are from backward and scheduled caste.

Children and women are easily trafficked to other states of the country as well as cross border. In the past few years, there has been a major increase in the cross border trafficking through Nepal as it shares free border with India. While women and children are particularly vulnerable to trafficking for the sex trade, human trafficking is not limited to sexual exploitation. It also includes persons who are trafficked into 'forced' marriages or into bonded labor markets, such as sweat shops, agricultural plantations, or domestic service. One of the most important constraints in developing sustainable and comprehensive strategies to combat trafficking has been the lack of validated data and information. Law enforcement is hampered by serious limitations as trafficking is a very complex crime, extending beyond the jurisdictional boundaries of law enforcement officials. This is further compounded by lack of proper procedures for assessment of age of the rescued victims, inadequacy of women police staff, and absence of training / orientation / infrastructure as well as public support systems.

Objectives

  • To study the origin, transit and culmination point of child trafficking and child prostitution in Eastern Uttar Pradesh.
  • To prepare the case studies of traffic children for understanding socio-economic causes of child trafficking and child prostitution.
  • To initiate awareness campaign in the transit and culmination point of child trafficking and child prostitution.
  • To develop interface with the state govt. and central govt. officials, law makers, media so as to sensitize them against child trafficking and child prostitution.
  • To develop network with grassroots organizations to attack the root causes of child trafficking and child prostitutions.
  • To rescue trafficked children (whether individually or in group).
  • Following the legal processes of rescued children in lower and if possible in High Court.
  • To develop interface with other organizations, UN bodies, international organizations, Govt. organization like NHRC, Women Commission, and Children Welfare Committee to address the issues of child trafficking and child prostitution

Review and Impact


Guriya has been working on the issue of trafficking and with the children in sex trade and children of sex workers whose number has been increasing almost every day. Uttar Pradesh is known for source, transit and destination area of trafficking and it is difficult to overlook this issue. In such a situation, work of Guriya in rescuing trafficked children, following the cases through legal intervention (to punish the traffickers) and awareness among people in areas of source, transit and destination in the State is important. Also, Guriya’s has constructively engaged with concerned national institutions (NCPCR, NHRC), local administration, police and Supreme Court and regional judiciary and security forces (SSB).The organization is also engaging in policy making to control human trafficking at the national level.


Through the review year the organization was involved in individual rescue and pursuing some of their legal cases at local and High Court level. Guriya also got involved in awareness generation on the issue of trafficking, formation of community based groups to monitor the situation of vulnerable children and identifying volunteers from the reference community and making them more vigilant and alert on the issue of trafficking. They have moved the Anti Trafficking campaign in the transit, source and culmination points of child trafficking and child prostitution. Guriya utilized the experience as well as information gathered over the years before National Advisory Committee on Human Trafficking (set up Central Government) on advocating against trafficking of children. PIL on missing children and its link with trafficking was accepted in Supreme Court. The organization will utilize the orders from Supreme Court on this PIL for further advocacy across the country against trafficking of children. At present, the organization has requested the Supreme Court to release orders for formulation/review of Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) on the rescue of minor girls trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation and proper implementation of various relevant protocol and laws in line with the UN Conventions and the Constitution of India so that children enslaved in brothels for prostitution are rescued.

Some highlights:
  • 191 cases of missing children were identified, 86 children among them were successfully traced out
  • Till date through Guriya’s efforts, 22 human traffickers have been put behind bars /convicted
  • Anti-trafficking campaign intensified in four points as well as in 12 schools
  • Rescue operations were carried out in different partners intervention areas namely Sonebhadra, 17 adolescent trafficked girls were rescued

Plans

  • Collection of data on missing children – Data will be collected throughout the year from different sources and it will be compiled and classified to understand the means used for trafficking
  • Case studies will be prepared on trafficked children to understand the socio – economic reasons of child trafficking and child prostitution
  • Capacity building of 80 youth/ volunteers will be undertaken on various aspects of rescue
  • Anti Trafficking rescue campaign will be undertaken in the transit, source and culmination points of child trafficking and child prostitution
  • Highlight issues related to trafficking through features in local, regional and national media
  • Identification of volunteers in the community and make them more vigilant and alert on the issue of trafficking and exploitation
  • To develop interface with the state and central govt. officials, law makers, media so as to sensitize them against child trafficking

ANNUAL FINANCIAL SUMMARY

  • Right to Protection
    $13,441
  • Administration
    $11,450
  • Total Grant Approved
    $24,891