on the details of
15 villages in 9 Panchayats of Korba district, Chhattisgarh, India
Gram Mitra registered in 1999, works for the rights of tribal and dalit children and addresses issues of livelihood, Panchayat Extension to Scheduled Areas (PESA) and forest rights. Babubhai Srivas the project holder has done his Masters in social work and has been working for dalit and adivasi communities for the last 5 years. The organisation is working in Chhattisgarh to ensure education rights of tribal and dalit children. It was named as ‘Gram Mitra’ which means Friend of The Village, in the hope that it would build a strong community of people who have otherwise been excluded from mainstream society and social welfare programs. The team follows the motto of ‘Sangathan mein Shakti’ i.e. ‘Strength in Cooperation’ and enables the community to better protect and manage their natural resources such as water, forests and land in order to secure their livelihoods. They also aim to preserve the culture and empower the dalits and tribals, with a focus on women and children. In its first year of partnership with CRY, Gram Mitra will intervene in 13 villages of Korba and Kartala Tehsil of Korba district.
The entire Korba district is brought under the Panchayats Extension to Scheduled Areas Act (PESA), wherein several panchayat extensions are provided to 5th Scheduled Areas of Chhattisgarh. The main reference communities are scheduled tribes (Gond, Raj Gond, Kawar, Bhaiyana, Binjwar and Dhanuhar Pahari korva) and scheduled castes (Satnami, Ganda and Panka). Infrastructure development such as roads, telecommunications and electricity are poor in this region. Majority of the areas are backward border areas, which have agro-based economy dependent on rain and forest for survival. Irrigation facilities have not reached the border villages. Due to poor roads, transport systems are poor even today; the communities have to walk 8-10 kms for the nearest health service.
Employment opportunities are highly dependent on rain and migration is rampant in the area. Due to this, child education is affected resulting in low literacy rates, high absenteeism (50%) and even higher drop-out rates (60%) in the border areas. Severe anaemic conditions and malnutrition are observed in women and children. Poor implementation of development programs can be seen owing to the distance from the district headquarters. The officials are reluctant to visit the villages due to inaccessibility.
- To ensure the rights of the tribal and dalit children.
- To promote the right to education and strengthen accountability and transparency.
- To contribute to increased realisation of the rights of tribals in Korba district.
- To promote awareness on Panchayats Extension to Scheduled Areas Act (PESA) and forest rights.
- To ensure protection of resources through community participation.
Achievements & Impact in the Review Period
The team has been working in 15 villages towards ensuring child rights of tribal children. The region is mapped as critical on education and malnutrition. The team has worked on building the perspective of the communities, Mahila Mandals, adolescent girls groups on the issues of education and malnutrition. Achievements in the review period include:
- Due to regular follow-up with the parents, 100% enrolment of children in Anganwadi was ensured in all the villages..
- Team has ensured construction of 5 Anganwadis and made sure the Anganwadi is based in its own building.
- Regular follow-up by the (School Management Committee) SMC members, Mahila Mandal and the team has resulted in recruitment of 3 new teachers in Tilaidhabra, Kohi and Ludhuketh primary schools.
- Based on application submitted to the Collector, 4 primary schools and 1 middle school received electricity supply.
- Meetings conducted with the teachers to discuss the issue of out of school children; as a result of this 2 children were enrolled in open school.
- The team has increased awareness among the parents and the Mahila Mandal about the nutritious food provided by the Anganwadi.
- 68 children have been moved to normal status from Moderately Acute Malnourished (MAM) and Severely Acute Malnourished (SAM) status.
- Awareness generated regarding institutional deliveries among the community and ensured 95 institutional deliveries.
- 3 Anganwadis (Srimar, Kotmer and Aachimar) received all 3 types of weighing machines.
- All the children in the age group of 3-18 years receive education
- Capacity building of the team on ECCE (Early Child Care and Education)
- Organize meetings with Mahila Mandal and Gram Panchayat members to create awareness on ECCE (Early Child Care and Education)
- Child to child tracking of children going to ICDS centres from tribal community, especially from Pahadi korba and Bihor tribal community
- Identifying and closing gaps in the functioning of the ECCE (Early Child Care and Education) programs
- Conduct focus group discussions with the community and parents to understand the KAP related to education among the Pahari Korba and Bihor community.
- All children in the age group 0 -5 years are healthy and free from malnourishment.
- Team to develop activation parameters and share the same with Mahila Mandal and Anganwadi workers.
- Build capacities of Mahila Mandal members to monitor the activation parameters.
- Motivate the community to demand new Anganwadis, completion of construction, repairs and conversion of mini Anganwadi’s to full time Anganwadi by passing a resolution. Gram Panchayat to pass a resolution for getting new Anganwadis.
- Motivate the community and panchayat members to follow-up with the contractor to ensure speedy completion of construction of the Anganwadi.
- Collect data of 0-5 year old children, pregnant women, lactating mothers and adolescent girls and share the data with Mahila Mandal
- Motivate parents to enroll their children in the Anganwadis
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