on the details of
Korba district, Chhattisgarh, India
Thematic Intervention: Education, Nutrition
Gram Mitra registered in 1999 is dedicated to work for the rights of tribal and dalit children and advocate to address issues like livelihood, Panchayat Extension to Scheduled Areas (PESA) and forest rights. Babubhai Srivas the project holder of Gram Mitra has done Masters in Social Work and has been working for dalit and adivasi communities since last 5 years. The organization is working in Chhattisgarh to ensure educational rights of the tribal and dalit children and protect the resources of livelihood. The organisation named as ‘Gram Mitra’ means Friend of Village, in the hope that it would build a strong community of people who have otherwise been excluded from mainstream society and social welfare schemes. The team in Gram Mitra believes in and follows the motto of ‘Sangathan mein Shakti’ i.e. ‘Strength in cooperation’. The organisation has vowed to strengthen the community and create in them the ability to better protect, consolidate and manage their natural resources such as water, forests and land in order to secure their present and future livelihoods. They also aim to preserve the culture, heritage and empowerment of the Dalits and Tribals with focus on women and children. Gram Mitra as CRY partner intervenes in 13 villages of Korba and Kartala Tehsil of Korba district.
Key Issues Addressed:
The entire Korba district is brought under the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act (PESA), wherein several Panchayat Extensions are provided to 5th Scheduled Areas of Chhattisgarh. But majority of the area is inhabited by tribal communities dependent on agro-based economy. The main reference communities are Scheduled tribes (Gond, Raj Gond, Kawar, Bhaiyana, Binjwar and Dhanuhar Pahari korva) and Scheduled castes (Satnami, Ganda and Panka). Irrigation facilities have not reached the border villages. Infrastructure development such as roads, telecommunications and even electricity are poor. Majority of the areas are backward border areas, which has agro-based economy dependent on rain and dependent on forest for survival. Irrigation facilities have not reached the border villages. Infrastructure development such as roads, telecommunications and even electricity are poor. Due to poor road infrastructure the transport systems are also poor. Event today the communities have to walk 8-10 kms for the nearest health service.
Employment opportunities are highly dependent on rain and migration is rampant in the area. Due to this, child education is affected thus resulting in low literacy rate, high absenteeism (50%) and even higher dropout rates (60%) in the border areas. Severe anaemic conditions and malnutrition are observed in women and children. Poor implementation of development programs/schemes can be seen owing to the distance from the district headquarters. The officials are reluctant to visit the villages due to inaccessibility to the habitation.
- To ensure all children in the age group 3-5 yrs are regularly attending Anganwadi and learning
- To ensure all RTE norms related to infrastructures are fulfilled in 19 schools in 16 villages
- To ensure all SMC’s (School Management Committee) functional as per norms in 19 schools from 16 villages.
- To ensure all children in the age group 6-18 yrs are in school and retained in 19 schools from 16 villages.
- To ensure 25% children meet learning outcomes as indicated in the RTE rules from 2nd and 3rd standard in 16 villages.
- To advocate with various stakeholders to include 15 to 18yrs in RTE Act -2009 and for improving the quality teaching and learning in 19 schools from 16 villages.
Achievements & Impact in the Review Period
Gram Mitra has been working in 15 villages for the past 4 years towards ensuring child rights of tribal children. The organisation implemented the in depth planning program in the 15 villages on the issues of education and nutrition and has built the perspective of the communities, Mahila mandals, and adolescent girls group focussing on the issues. The strategies like developing kitchen garden in anganwadi has been implemented by the organisation, this has provided anganwadis with green and leafy vegetables for the children. Each and every child is tracked through the child to child tracking both in anganwadis and in schools. Regular meeting with the community to understand the issues on education and malnutrition has helped the staff to some extent and has also identified issues like irregularity of children in school and anganwadis. Some of the achievements this year are as follows:
The big achievements for the year for Gram Mitra are as follows:
- There has been an increase in community involvement in monitoring and demanding new anganwadi and ensuring the completion of construction of anganwadis. As a result 2 anganwadi’s construction was completed and made functional.
- 100% enrolment of children in 1st standard from anganwadi due to the efforts by the organisation.
- 98.9% enrolment and retention of children in the age group 6-14yrs
- 89.7% enrolment and retention of children in the age group 6-18yrs
- 70.8% malnourished children moved to normal.
- 89% deliveries are institutional- This is due to organisations constant perspective building of the community and also by the state which has provided 108 ambulance and MatASHA (Accredited Social Health Activists) express and also the financial support given to the mother after discharge.
- The SMC (School Management Committee) members have been activated and these activated members are functional.
All children in 3-5 yrs from 16 villages are regularly attending anganwadi and receiving quality pre primary school.
- To organise training program for the staff on Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) through external resource person. Gram Mitra along with ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services) department to co-organise training program on ECCE for the anganwadi workers.
- To develop a draft time table based on the ECCE training module and support the anganwadi workers to adhere to the time table.
All children in the age group of 6-14 are enrolled and retained in school
- Organise meetings with the Mahila Mandal, community and gram panchayat members and discuss the issue of repair works. Motivate the Gram Sabha to pass resolution and submit the same with the Collector, Education department.
- Regular follow-up to be done by the organisation and the community of Sardhi with the education department and Collector for construction of the school building.
- The organisation to continue with the child to child tracking village wise - Listing of all the irregular children to be identified through home visit and also through discussion with the school teacher for cross verification.
- Organise child rights workshop/ meeting with Gram Panchayat members and discuss the need for them to monitor enrolment and retention of children in school, Gram panchayat member to monitor enrolment and retention of children in school.
All SMC (School Management Committee) ’s are functional as per the RTE norms in 16 villages
- Gram Mitra to provide inputs to SMC (School Management Committee) members towards developing School Development Plans and submit the same to block education department.
- Gram Mitra to provide support to SMC (School Management Committee) members on monitoring the expenditures done by the teachers.
100% ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services)provide supplementary and cooked food to all children, pregnant women and lactating mothers.
- To continue with child to child tracking on immunisation and also track immunisation of pregnant women.
- To maintain vegetable registers which will provide information regarding the vegetable grown in the kitchen garden and the vegetables cooked for the children.
- To build the capacity of the adolescent girls and mahila mandal to monitor the anganwadis on providing cooked and supplementary nutritious food to children, pregnant women and lactating mothers.
- Organise regular meetings with panchayat members on child rights and impact on children due to malnutrition.
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