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Background

NEEDS was initiated with an objective of peace building among ethnic tribal communities across 10 villages in Churachandpur and Chandel districts of Manipur. In this phase they also started working on Income generating projects through 26 Self Help Groups (SHGs). They have also been working towards capacity building of people like farmers, youth leaders, community leaders and local communities on environmental issues, HIV/AIDS, conflict analysis and peace building. NEEDS has also been working with nearly 70 local NGOs, to build their knowledge and capacities on conflict analysis and peace building. The founder, Mr K Morang Maring hailed from tribal community and had the insight to realize that the people of such communities are deprived from any kind of development. The current Project Holder, Mr Angshem, has also been a victim of ethnic conflicts. He has been working with communities through NGOs in Odisha with a focus on trainings of community groups on peace building. Over the last two years, he has been working on child rights issues through the CRY supported project.

Situation

NEEDS works in 16 villages of Chandel and Thoubal district of Manipur with CRY partnership. The intervention districts are located adjacent to Imphal and are inhabited predominantly by tribal communities and almost all the people practice shifting cultivation by cutting the forest. The non-tribals are migrants from other districts coming for business set up at Moreh International trade centre. There are no health centers, Government dispensaries, health sub-centers in the vicinity of the project villages. There is an inadequate number of Anganwadi workers at ICDS centers and Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) in the project villages. Institutional delivery is as low as 16% of total child births. Villages located with regular road link and transportation services apparently have better health care coverage compared to those located in the interiors and remote areas. There are a total of 19 schools in the 16 project villages under 4 blocks. Out of the 16 operational villages, 13 villages are newly settled after the internal displacement in the border area of the Chandel district and Myanmar after the violent ethnic conflict between Naga and Kuki. As this area lies next to Moreh, issue of trafficking is also rampant. NEEDS has also been highlighting trafficking cases over the years. Over the last one decade, this area has witnessed major ethnic conflicts which have created deep negative impacts on the life of the people particularly life security, socio-economy, education, health and other developmental aspects. Children are majorly affected because of these conflicts – they confront a high degree of malnutrition, very poor health care facilities and remain largely out of schools as they have to migrate for supplementing family incomes. Networking activity and awareness at community level on the issue is very much needed.

Objectives

  • To ensure access and quality education in government school in 16 operating villages of project
  • To ensure access to free primary health services in 16 operational villages of project
  • To ensure the pre education and nutritional support from the ICDS centre in 16 operational villages of the project
  • To ensuring happy childhood without any trauma and fear from ethnic conflict through children’s collective process and the engagement of adult domain
  • To create free and protected environment for children to express children’s view on child participation

Review and Impact


NEEDS was not the only organization who committed to work in reducing the conflicts in Manipur. Due to joint efforts of various bodies, violent conflicts come to a standstill between the ethnic groups. The organization has intervened with the children groups in all the 16 villages, who have been instrumental in addressing the local peace building initiatives and also bridging the gap between local government officials and the local warring ethnic communities. Through their initiatives, these children’s groups have successfully been able to bring mindset changes in the communities in addressing ethnic violence issues. The strategies adopted by NEEDS were multi-pronged and involved the following –:

  • Dialogue & mediation with the fighting communities in pockets of sensitive areas
  • Lobbying & Advocacy for peace with elected representatives and concerned government officials
  • Lobbying for proper resettlement and rehabilitation of the conflict victims
  • Arranging relief materials through government for the victims of ethnic violence

Some of the major achievements of NEEDS in last year are:
  • 100% immunization and quality health services were provided to the community
  • 438 children were provided vaccination as per immunization calendar, health camps organised benefitted 80 children and 25 women
  • Mass screening and follow up was undertaken to gauge extent of spread of Hepatitis B in the local community – 7 cases were identified from a total 574 individuals screened – vaccination and treatment was facilitated for all these cases
  • In 2 villages, schools ensured proper functioning in terms of RTE rules, 1 new government school was opened
  • 6 out of 71 drop-out children were re-enrolled into schools
  • State level advocacy resulted in some improvements in government school infrastructure
  • 16 villages reported to be free from child labour and child trafficking
  • Decrease in incidence of substance abuse among children, 2 cases were identified and they stopped
  • 700 children are associated with the child club activity, 28 child leaders were elected by the children’s club members

Plans

  • To ensure access to quality education in 6 schools in the operational area, to increase students enrolment in the Govt. schools
  • To demand for new schools in the project area
  • To ensure access to free health services in 16 villages of the project area
  • To ensure all health centres of nearby operational villages get functional
  • To ensure all mother and children get complete immunization on time and reduce malnutrition of children in the 16 villages of the project area to zero level
  • To ensure happy child hood without any trauma and fear from ethnic violence through children’s collective process
  • To ensure children are free from drugs and illicit substance abuse
  • To ensure that JJ system and CWC properly function in the district
  • To create free and protected environment of children to express children’s view on child participation by strengthening the children groups
  • To develop leadership quality amongst children by initiating process in the children groups

ANNUAL FINANCIAL SUMMARY

  • Right to Development
    $4,573
  • Right to Survival
    $4,573
  • Right to Protection
    $2,744
  • Right to Participation
    $5,031
  • Administration
    $5,945
  • Total grant approved
    $22,866