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Background

The organization was formed under the leadership of Mr. Surendra Kumar in 1986. The deplorable situation and personal experience of exploitation and discrimination was the source of energy and motivation for Mr. Kumar. Other fellow villagers also joined him in his mission and together they were involved in various development activities like organizing eye operation camp, family planning program, training of the youth on animal husbandry etc. From 1995 till 2000, the team members of JJBVK imparted non–formal education to children and mainstreamed them in Government schools. They also started Self Help Groups (SHG) program against Mahajani system through the support of NABARD. In 2003 JJBVK was registered as an organization as the group started moving towards sustainable development programmes with focus on children from marginalized communities. Currently the operation of JJBVK is spread across 15 revenue villages covering 10 Panchayats of Sarairanjan block in Samastipur district, Bihar and 5 wards of slums situated in Samastipur district in Bihar.

Situation

Samastipur is one of the most fertile districts of Bihar with a large number of water bodies. The people of the intervention area are mostly from minority communities engaged as labour force. Exploitation and oppression are rampant and they are denied of their basic rights and social positioning. Government service delivery mechanism in most of the operational villages is defunct. Doctors and medicines are mostly available in the private health centres in Samastipur which the rural mass is unable to afford. There is prevalence of malnourishment among children in Dalit and backward communities. Child death is another alarming concern in the reference community. Due to lack of proper services in ICDS centers, the villages record low rate of immunization among women and children. A substantial number of children are out of school and engaged in workforce. Children with disability do not get equal space and opportunity for exploration and are neglected socially. Few cases of child trafficking were reported last year. Due to lack of livelihood opportunities, children migrate along with their parents to Surat, Bengal, Jalpaiguri, Mumbai, Delhi and Punjab.

Objectives

  • Ensure Complete Immunization of 0-2 years of the children
  • Identification and referral of SAM (Severe Acute Malnutrition) children to NRC (Nutritional Rehabilitation Center)
  • Ensure 100% regularity & retention of the children till the age of 18 years in Schools
  • Reduce the incidences of child marriage & child labour
  • Ensure the services of ANC, PNC, ICDS, birth registration & Immunization to all the children
  • All the children are participating in the children’s Collective process

Review


Through the review period, focus of JJBVK’s interventions was on strengthening children’s collectives & enhancing the child members’ knowledge on CR issues, creating platforms for children to express their views and creating opportunities for them to participate in local awareness creation programs, strengthening women groups on issues of CR- Health, Nutrition & CR-violations, mobilizing local women for activation of local government institutions, schools and ICDS centres, ensuring retention and regularity of attendance of children in schools, arresting child labour and child marriages and evidence based advocacy with the state at local level.

The process of children’s engagement in publishing children’s magazines (Bal Khabar & Diwal Patrika) on thematic issues of child marriage and child labour was instrumental in bringing up children’s issues for discussion at larger community forums and also in motivating them to take up leadership role in negotiating with their parent. Community was instrumental in strengthening the local government institutions, acted as pressure group for completing construction of rooms in schools, facilitated opening of one high school in the operational area, stopped marriages of 22 underage girls out of 34 identified cases and also facilitated social security benefits for community members.

Some of their major achievements include:

  • 205 SAM children identified based on weight for age, 02 child from urban slum linked with NRC rehabilitation session – among them 59 children were mainstreamed
  • 271 child birth registered, immunization was completed for 640 out of a total 798 children
  • 40 children have been linked for the pre-school education services at ICDS center across 16 villages replacing the older children.
  • 1378 children (aged 6 – 14 years) enrolled into schools, out of a total 1696 children (aged 6 – 14 years)
  • 106 boys & 94 girls were enrolled during the review period in Primary & Middle school levels
  • Community pressure maintained to ensure regular functioning of schools – mid-day meals regularized in 9 schools, attendance of teachers was regular in 6 schools, attendance of students was regular in 7 schools, additional classrooms were constructed in 2 schools
  • 147 child labour cases were identified, 11 child labour children had been called back from their work place and enrolled in school
  • Total 23 underage child marriage (1 boy, 22 girls) cases were delayed, adolescent girls were enrolled into schools
  • 494 children are active members of children collectives

Plans

  • Child tracking of 0-2 years aged children and ensuring complete immunization for all, ensure adequate ante natal and post natal care services for all children
  • Activation of ICDS/Health Sub-center/APHC/PHC services available in the intervention areas
  • Mapping under-5 children, linking them with ICDS centres, identifying SAM children and referring them to Nutrition Rehabilitation Centres for treatment
  • Ensure 100% Retention & Regularity of children at schools, Ensure 100% girl child education (especially from Musahar & Fisherman community)
  • Identifying non-school going children (14 – 18 yrs), motivating them for enrolment in schools, developing Child Labour Status Report
  • Empower Children’s Collective members, ensure their active participation in the campaigns against child labour and child marriages

ANNUAL FINANCIAL SUMMARY

  • Right to Development
    $2,363
  • Right to Survival
    $1,890
  • Right to Protection
    $3,308
  • Right to Participation
    $2,048
  • Administration
    $6,143
  • Total Grant Approved
    $15,752