on the details of
11 slums, clusters in Indore city, Madhya Pradesh, India.
Deenbandhu has organised communities in slum areas of Indore to raise issues concerning housing rights, employment, livelihoods, violation of human rights, forced eviction and its impact on children. Deenbandhu was established in August 1991 by Late Rajeev George and Ms. Belu George. Initially their interventions revolved around promoting youth leadership, educating children, sanitation campaigns in the slums, and mainstreaming slum children for realization of their education rights. A small group of youth namely Sewa Sangam was formed during this period which carried out the efforts in the slums.
The team is working in 11 slum clusters in Indore city namely Scheme No. 140 Digvijay Nagar, Nat Colony, Manik Bagh Road Basti, Dak Tar, Vir Tantiya Nagar, Goya Basti, Scheme 103, Vyas Nagar, Vinay Nagar. In total 736 families live in the area. Majority of the families are from scheduled caste category. In Vinay Nagar the majority of the dwellers are construction workers and majority of the dwellers in Digvijay Nagar are construction workers, household maids, rag pickers and chatais sellers. The existing location has no access to drinking water, drainage and transportation facility. There is not enough facility for education. The community has a threat of eviction due to expansion of road and high rates of land. Aganwadis and health services are also rarely available in the community. Slum dwellers have to travel around 5 km to avail health services and there is no mode of transport up to 2 km from the slums.
- Communities will be sensitized towards the need of schooling leading to voicing their demand for schools in the neighbourhood.
- Schools will be monitored for quality education and a demand for separate classes for different grades, library, teaching/learning materials and equipments etc. for improvement in quality of education will be raised for schools in Tejpur Gadbadi and Vyas Nagar.
- Community will approach the law and order machinery (administration and police) for ensuring patrolling and security in the school vicinity from Vyas Nagar, Bicholi Kankad, Indrajeet Nagar, Daktar colony and Scheme 140.
- Initiate retention process in all the slums of the intervention area.
- 10% EAC of slums will be mainstreamed into education/schooling.
Achievements & Impact in the Review Period
The team is strengthening the community under the Jhuggi Basti Sangharsh Morcha (JBSM). With consistent advocacy efforts, the team has been able to create an identity amongst the urban poor and is recognized as an advocate of housing rights for poor. These achievements have led to the following impacts:
- Regular tracking of children was done to understand enrolment patterns and identify families not sending their children to schools. 760 (388 M and 372 F) children in 6-14 age group and 237 (118 M and 119 F) children in 15-18 years age group were tracked.
- 103 out of 224 out of school children were enrolled in schools through consistent orientation and counselling of parents.
- Survey of existing schools was done and gaps identified as per (Right to Education) RTE norms. Gaps were shared with the community that brought awareness on education.
- 103 children enrolled in school which includes 41 new admissions and 39 drop-out children.
- The team engaged with 266 families comprising of 359 out of school children by orienting and counselling parents. This resulted in mainstreaming of 103 children.
- With constant advocacy at district level one (Anganwadi Center) AWC was approved at Scheme 140 slum and is benefitting 44 children.
- Two schools at Tejpurgadbadi and Vyas Nagar were monitored for quality infrastructure. Survey was done on infrastructure and services.
- Team identified 30 possible sectors where children were engaged in child labor.
- The team studied the various provisions under various acts/laws like Factories Act of 1948, the Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulations) Act, 1986 to bring about sustainable change.
MP state is mapped as highly critical on Education and Protection issues. Deenbandhu is moving ahead for in-depth intervention in these slums on 2 themes.
Focus 1: 6 new schools will be established to ensure neighbourhood schooling in all slum localities.
- Community empowerment and persistent pressure on administration will result in approval for new schools. This will be achieved through follow up with education department, zila parishad, elected representatives; IDA and revenue department for identifying land for schools; tracking annual budget and district plan of education department for inclusion of new schools; continued participation of community members in public hearings.
Focus 2: Enrolment of all children (6-14 years) in school and retention tracking to be in place for all children in school.
- Regular engagement with communities, children and administration to ensure maximum enrolment of children.
- Challenges of accessing schools to be addressed by the community;
- Survey of public hostels; sharing of information on hostels and facilities with parents
- Sharing of out of school children’s details, engagement with families of dropout and never been to school children.
- Retention tracking leading to improved attendance, meetings with communities on findings of retention exercise and derive strategies at community level for few challenges.
Focus 3: Demand for new ICDS centers and ensuring quality services in ICDS centers
- Approval of ICDS in unserved clusters and addressing gaps in Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) - through regular monitoring of services, follow up on demands for new ICDS centres, follow up with ICDS department for action on ECCE survey findings
- Tracking of Severely Acute Malnourished (SAM) children through growth monitoring and facilitating treatment for the identified children.
Focus 4: Community level vigilance groups to monitor school services as well as keep track of children in each slum
- Community level monitoring of schools, issues related to children and timely intervention to prevent children from dropping out of school or entering into child labor
Focus 5: Advocacy will be taken up at district level based on data generated from field
- Continued advocacy at district level based on first year’s outcome.
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