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The Centre for Social Development (CSD) came into existence in the year 1985, when a group of young professionals came together to work towards bringing positive changes in the social conditions of Manipur. In the beginning, CSD worked on specific issues of community development, drug abuse and HIV/AIDS in the State. CSD is now working on local issues with a common work agenda with 210 community based organizations (CBO’s), 4 NGOs and 22 networks of people’s organizations. The Project Holder, U. Nobokishore Singh, is well conversant with grass root realities and has been playing a significant role in the area of peace settlement in the State. With the challenge of protecting the innocent poor people from the suffering of violent conflicts, he has developed a few frameworks to work in the conflict situation, which have proved effective. CSD is also an active partner in an NGO network in Manipur called the United NGO Mission-Manipur (UNMM). CSD was the pioneer organization who initiated the Local Capacity for Peace (LCP) program through UNMM.


The intervention is spread over 12 villages in West Imphal dist, 2 villages in Senapati district and Moreh town (Chandel dist) of Manipur. Manipur is situated in the extreme eastern part of the north-eastern region bordering the country of Burma. The State remains isolated from the overall social and economic development of India compared to other mainland States of India. Agriculture and forestry are still the major means of livelihood. Mono crop cultivation is prevalent, however shifting cultivation is widely practiced in the hills. There is very little industrial development and what little there is, is extractive in nature. Industries are basically household or small-scale industries. Communication and other infrastructure are especially poor in the State. Due to lack of opportunities, there is a serious problem of unemployment.

Children of this region are witnesses, survivors and direct victims of armed conflict, drug addiction, HIV infections and AIDS deaths. The children and youth become casualties in the violent crossfire very often. Children face severe risk to life on their way to and from school. Manipur has witnessed regular annual outbreaks of cholera and other diarrheal diseases, measles, infectious hepatitis, malaria and encephalitis. The quality of drinking water available is unsafe and women and children have to walk long distances to fetch water for their homes. Violence against children in the family including sexual violence is becoming endemic. A visible increase in child labor is notable and there is a high incidence of children being orphaned from both armed conflicts and parents succumbing to HIV/AIDS.


  • To facilitate the process of building and strengthening networks amongst NGO’s, community organizations and others, and bringing them on a collective platform for creating pressure for good governance and the state adhering to its constitutional obligations
  • To build the capacity of the people to respond to negative aspects of globalization by working with global solidarity groups through democratic and non-violent processes
  • To defend the rights of the indigenous and marginalized people (in particular the fundamental and democratic rights) for effective democratization and gender justice
  • To advocate for policy changes by analyzing the present policies

Review and Impact

CSD is functioning in Manipur for the last two decades and has interventions in the areas of gender, HIV / AIDS prevention, drug de-addiction and rehabilitation and people based community development. This is a pioneer organization that initiated the Local Capacity for Peace program. CSD holds a good understanding of the political and social situation of the state of Manipur and also of North East India. They have well established rapport with the local community and have experience of mass mobilization on issues affecting children and youth. They also have a good experience of working in conflict situations.

  • 7 Child Care institutions were maintained.
  • 200 school going and drop out children were supported through the child care centers.
  • Women’s groups were involved in counseling women and children affected by violence, including domestic violence due to drug abuse and alcoholism.
  • 7 Child Protection Committees were formed in 7 villages involving local youth, community leaders and women groups.
  • The Child Protection Committees oversaw the prevention of child trafficking and kidnapping cases and attended to the care and protection needs of all children.
  • Women community leaders were trained on violation of human rights linked to child rights.
  • Women community leaders also intervened on the issue of violence against women.


  • Direct engagement with children to develop the collective child friendly platform.
  • Running of child protection centers.
  • Formation of child cultural forum at the village level.
  • Organizing the cultural program with the children.
  • Publication of one child news bulletin .
  • Unionization and mass mobilization of various forums at the operational area on the issue of child right and human rights.
  • Organizing panchayat level meetings of women on human rights issue and mass mobilization.
  • Capacity building of the community leaders on child right centricity linked to the holistic development approach.
  • Interface of the people’s organization with the government system for ensuring effective implementation of development work by the government.


  • Right to Development
  • Right to Survival
  • Right to Protection
  • Right to Participation
  • Capital Expenses
  • Administration
  • Total Annual Grant Approved