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The Centre for Social Development (CSD) came into existence in the year 1985, when a group of young, energetic professionals came together to work towards bringing positive changes in the social conditions of Manipur. In the beginning, CSD worked on specific issues of community development, drug abuse, HIV/AIDS in the State. CSD is now involved in non-structured partnership focusing on local issues with common work agenda with 210 CBOs, 4 NGOs and 22 networks of People’s Organizations. The Project Holder, U. Nobokishore Singh, is well conversant with grass root realities and has been playing a significant role in the area of peace settlement in the State. With the challenge of protecting the innocent / poor people from the suffering of violent conflict, he has developed few key models/frameworks to work in the conflict situation, which have proved effective in the State. CSD is also an active partner in a NGO network in Manipur called the United NGO Mission-Manipur (UNM-M). CSD was a pioneer organization who initiated Local Capacity for Peace (LCP) program through the UNMM.
The intervention is spread over 12 villages in west Imphal district, 2 villages in Senapati district and Moreh town in Chandel district of Manipur. Manipur is situated in the extreme eastern part of the north-eastern region bordering the country of Burma. Manipur remains isolated from the overall social and economic development of India compared to other mainland States of India. Agriculture and forestry are still the major means of livelihood. Mono crop cultivation is prevalent however; shifting cultivation is widely practiced in the hills. There is very little industrial development and what little there is, is extractive in nature. Industries are basically household or small-scale industries. Communication and other infrastructure are especially poor in the State. Due to lack of opportunities, there is a serious problem of unemployment.
Children of this region are witnesses, survivors and direct victims of armed conflict, drug addiction and HIV infection and AIDS death. The children and youth become casualties in the crossfire every so often. Children face severe risk to life on their way to and from school. Manipur has witnessed regular annual outbreaks of cholera and other diarrhoeal diseases, measles, infectious hepatitis, malaria and encephalitis. The quality of drinking water available is unsafe and women and children have to walk long distances to fetch water for their homes. Violence against children in the family including sexual violence, a typical condition of collapsing social structures, is becoming endemic. Visible and drastic increase in child labor is notable. The high value of labor exposes the children to liquid cash without adult controls. This again catapults the younger generation, who have grown up under severe trauma, into the clutches of drugs. It is noteworthy that there is a high incidence of children being orphaned from both armed conflict and parents succumbing to HIV/AIDS. CSD, as dynamic partner with other communities, is committed towards the development of people’s capacity to improve and sustain their social, cultural, health, education, economic and environmental well being.
- To facilitate the process of building and strengthening networks amongst NGO’s and people's collectives for creating pressure for good governance.
- To build the capacity of the people to respond to negative aspects of globalization by working with global solidarity groups through democratic and non-violent processes.
- To defend the rights of the indigenous and marginalized people (in particular the fundamental and democratic rights) for effective democratization and gender justice.
- To advocate for policy changes by analyzing the present policies.
The strategy adopted by CSD for broad cooperation is two fold: (a) providing support and accompaniment to NGO’s in a formal and structured manner. (b) Providing support in a non-structured manner i.e. organizing programs together in learning sessions. The Center for Social Development is working in the field of holistic development for the last 20 years.
Major achievements include
- 10 women from 10 villages were trained as community mobilizers on child rights issues and all of them conducted small interactive sessions at the village level to orient the village women on the rights of children.
- 10 Peer Educators (PE) were identified to assist the community workers and they were trained on issues of child rights, gender and violence.
- Births were registered for 95 children below 1 year and 15 institutional deliveries were reported.
- 12 ICDS centers (Integrated Child Development Service) are functioning properly.
- In 10 villages women’s self help groups were able to form paddy banks. 2 more villages are under the process to form such banks. Women from 4 villages learned about capital formation as well as paddy banking from the Village Women Society.
- Through 5 workshops, 110 people in 8 villages were covered under gender sensitization workshops where women shared their experiences and attempted developing redressal mechanisms.
- 32 members were trained in trauma counselling and 10 peer educators were also trained. 20 children and 15 families were covered under the counselling programme.
- 101 children attended 6 activity centres run by the organization. Children were involved in taking decisions related to the centres and its activities.
The organization has experience in functioning through the network and is an active partner of NGO networks of Manipur. CSD is capable of reaching out to the community at far off places through its network at the grass root level.
2014 Review & Impact [Till September 2014]:
The focus of this project in 2014 is on child protection (specially child marriage prevention & the girl child) and on education which is key to preventing child exploitation and abuse.
- CO’s have been organizing community awareness campaigns on child marriage, girl child issues and education across 9 villages.
- Work with the local government authorities to upgrade and strengthen the lower primary and primary schools, specially for preventing child marriages.
- Prevention of child marriages through motivation & counseling of children and parents.
- 6 child marriages have been prevented.
- New middle school has been approved.
- New anganwadi center has been approved.
- 200 children have been prepared & trained for writing the Morarji Desai residential school entrance exam.
- 3 children have been admitted to the residential school.
- Legal training has been imparted to 62 adolescent girls.
- 148 school drop out children have been identified.
- 22 drop out children have been re-enrolled in public schools from Grade 3 to 10.
- 127 births have been registered across villages.
- 539 children have been immunized across 8 villages.
- 107 pregnant women have been immunized across 8 villages.
- 23 malnourished children have been identified and referred to the PHC & Nutrition Center.
- 223 children have been engaged in the Children’s Collectives – they have had 17 meetings across 5 villages, specially discussing the issues of child marriage & education.
- Awareness programs for panchayats and village leaders on the importance of education & ill effects of child marriage
PlansFor West Imphal and Senapati areas -
- CSD will be expanding its geographical coverage in Moreh area and in the existing operational area, 1 new child center at Longa Koirang will be started.
- Training on child rights and conflict analysis is planned with 30 men and women. Members of Village Women Society [VWS] will develop selection criteria of trainees and training module will be prepared by CSD and VWS.
- Community will be sensitized on immunization issues. VWS and Peer Educators [PEs] will ensure 100% immunization of children and pregnant women.
- Community will be sensitized on birth registration issues. VWS and Peer Educators [PEs] will ensure 100% birth registration for new born children.
- Workshop will be organized on gender and reproductive health, lobbying and advocacy, peace building and economic literacy program for 120 people to equip them to deal with such issues at the village level.
- 6 old + 1 new child activity centres will be operational.
- 280 children will be part of the exposure visit which will be planned along with VWS, Peer Educators and community mobilizers.
- 2-days child rights training will be organized at different wards.
- 100% new born children would be safeguarded from unwanted diseases and deficiency of vitamins, mineral, iron.
- 2 day workshop will be organized for Security Personnel to sensitize them on child rights.
- 6 women groups and 1 federation of women’s groups will be formed on child protection issues and 500 women will be sensitized on issues of rights violations faced by children.
- 30 children will attend child protection centres started by the organization.
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