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Location

23 Slums of Jamshedpur district of Jharkhand
Thematic Intervention: Education, Protection


Project Context

ASES has been implementing the CRY project in 23 slums of Jamshedpur city of Jharkhand state. The project holder Smt. Prabha Jaiswal, started Adarsh Seva Sansthan and has been working with the urban deprived since March 1987. Initially she was focused on imparting non-formal education to about 45 children of Shidhu Kanhu basti and later extended ger program to other bastis. ASES also worked on the health issues of children and took up initiatives to improve the health status in the slums. A day-care centre for children of laborers was started along with coaching classes for school going children. For a sustainable community it focused on building community based organizations and integrated other programs like women empowerment, adolescent awareness and networking with organizations and stakeholders. ASES activities in the slums are mainly aimed at ensuring child rights through a strengthened community. In rural areas it works on education, local governance and women empowerment.

Problem Statement:


In the operational area ASES is working with 3,328 families covering 6538 child population (0-18 years). All the slums have primary schools, but the status of infrastructure in the schools is very poor with incomplete buildings, leaking roofs and broken floors. There is also an inadequate number of teachers. School Management Committees (SMCs) are inactive with limited interest in the academic performance of children. As parents go to work, girl children are forced to stay at home and take care of younger siblings and do the domestic work. Upper primary schools are located at distant places, and hence parents prefer to keep girls at home fearing for her safety. As a result the rate of school drop - out is high in the operational area. The incidence of child marriage is also very high in the operational area mainly caused by lack of continuation of schooling. When girls drop out of school parents feel it is better to get them married off. Instance of live in relationships is also high amongst children in the age group of 15 to 18 years.

Achievements & Impact


Key Result Areas: Ensure 100 % children of 3 to 6 years age group are enrolled and retained in ICDS for accessing pre-school education and ready for transition in primary schools, in project area.

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

* Identification of out-of-Anganwadi children through regular tracking and meeting, for proactive engagement with families and parents at slum level and motivating the families for enrolment of their children in ICDS to access the basic services of ICDS with thrust on PSE.
* Joint meeting with Anganwadi Workers, Teachers, School Management Committees and basti leaders to chalk out strategy plan for enrolment and retention of listed children in 5 government schools & neighborhood Anganwadis.
* Build 4 model ICDS centers providing pre-school education on regular basis as per the routine. It will be empowered to take up the monitoring of ICDS independently in a sustainable way.
* Capacity building of Anganwadi Workers (of 4 Model ICDS & 3 other ICDS), mothers selected by schools & staffs on PSE (Joyful learning method.

* Community level sensitization on importance of pre-school education through meeting, wall writing, collaborations with other stakeholders, etc is being undertaken.
* Through regular advocacy strategies adopted by the project, 3 ICDS centres has been shifted to community-owned spaces from the home-spaces making it more conducive.
* Discussions have taken place with the SCPCR (State Commission for Protection of Child Rights) chairperson regarding the shifting of 5 ICDS centers to the nearest community centers. The communities of two slums have agreed to this and the process of shifting the icds centers has been initiated.
* An exposure visits was organized for the ASES project team and ICDS workers to West Bengal to observe best practices and methods of engaging with children.

Achievements & Impact


Key Result Areas: Ensure 100% enrolment and retention of children in the schools in the age group of 6-14, in the project area.

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

* Identify drop-out children through child tracking at slum & school level and regular tracking of child attendance of government school with the support of teachers.
* Interface meeting with teachers, School Management Committee members & drop out children’s families to ensure re-enrolment of drop-out children.
* Capacity building of School Management Committees on School Development Plan and support in preparation of the same.
* District level workshop on school infrastructure and RTE.

• Regular interactions are being done with each household towards ensuring that all children are regular to school.
• 3 structured meeting were conducted with the School Management Committee (SMC) members of 3 schools.
• With continued engagement with the MLA and JNAC (Jamshedpur Notified Area Committee), 1-boundary wall, 1-kitchen and 1-toilet has been constructed in the four schools in the operational area.
• Regularity of schools in the operational area has increased to 85% in 2018 as compared to 65-70% in 2017 at elementary levels.

Achievements & Impact


Key Result Areas: Reduction of child labor in program areas of urban slums in Jamshedpur Municipality.

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

* monthly meeting of the Bal Sansad and Children Collectives to discuss on the issues pertaining to child labor and identify, validate child labors through child tracking within the community as well as schools and listing.
* Meeting with all stakeholders of ICPS, district labor department, MLA and affected families of child labors.
* Conducting Nukkad Natak/children's cultural events involving the children to draw attention of the child labors and motivate them to be a part of the plays and motivate to continue education

* 7 meetings have been conducted with the bal sangathan and bal sansad (children collectives) to build their knowledge on issues like child labor and school drop out.
* ASES staffs are presently ensuring that each of the parents of child labor should receive the labor cards to avail services and scholarships related benefits.

Achievements & Impact


Key Result Areas: Ensure preventive measures are instituted in project area to prevent child marriage.

Program Activities Planned Progress and Achievements

* Identification of children vulnerable to child marriage and tracking individual cases by door to door visits and preventive support.
* Capacity building of the project team on The CRY Child Centre ToT Modules to take the process forward with the children collectives with focus on life skill.

* Regular vulnerability mapping is being conducted to assess risk of child marriage. * Regular adolescent meetings have been done at each of the slums and some of the Child Centre’s ToT I and ToT II modules have been transacted.
* In 2018, a total of 5 child-marriages have been stopped due to the interventions of the adolescents/adolescents-groups and a total 14 children who were in full time labor have now been re-enrolled in schools.

Update on major events:


In the typical slum areas of Jamshedpur, delivery of services by the ICDS centers has always been a challenge due to the lack of infrastructure. Out of the 23 ICDS centres, only 4 centres have infrastructural facilities and are being run in proper buildings. The rest of the centres are running out of the homes of the AWWs. ASES continued to engage with the concerned government department and community for proper buildings to run the centers. The CDPO accepted the demands and after approval from concerned departments, 3 ICDS centres have been shifted to community-owned spaces from home-spaces. This will help in increasing enrolment of children and enabling regularity.

Knowledge and Capacity Building workshops:


* A one - day training was organized for the project team on understanding ‘child and childhood’ and laws related to child protection like Child labor (Prohibition & Regulation) Act (CLPRA). This resulted in enhanced capacity of the team in dealing the issues of child labor and child marriage.
* Capacity building of the team was done on social protection schemes and on impacting life skills to children. Bal Sangathan leaders also organized sessions in their groups for other members.

Plans


Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

In ASES program area 100 % children of 3 to 6 years are enrolled and retained in ICDS for accessing PSE and ready for transition in primary schools.

* Identification of out of ICDS children through regular tracking and meeting for proactive engagement with families and parents at slum level and motivating the families towards enrolment of their children in ICDS to access the basic services of ICDS with thrust on pre-school education.
* Follow up of new ICDS demand in the district and state level to be done which was taken up in the earlier. Dialoguing with TATA Industry for getting the no objection for the building of ICDS.
* Assisting ICDS workers in regularizing routine wise pre-school education in 3 model ICDS and 20 other ICDS.
* Meeting with Child Development Protection Officer(CDPO) for implementation of pre-school education routine (Process of last year to be enhanced) and re-formation of Mata Samiti(mother’s collective) in ICDS.

In ASES program areas 100% enrolment and retention of children in the schools in the age group of 6-14

* Home visits to be done to 27 number of drop out children and counselling done.
* 23 Bal sansad & Bal Sangathan meetings to be conducted.
* One interface meetings to be organised with teachers, SMC members & drop out children’s families to ensure re-enrolment of drop-out children.
* Mobilization of community to be done through meetings of the community based organizations, mothers committee on monitoring of schools, book distribution, children regularity etc.
* The School Development plan of 3 schools to be in place as per format and norms.



Key Result Areas Program Activities Planned

Reduction of identified 96 Child labor in 23 slums.

* One to One interaction with all the identified child labor and their families and prioritizing the list of child labor where mainstreaming could be possible and case specific intervention of those children through counseling and linkage.
* Regular networking with Child line, Police, Councillors, Schools for case specific intervention (wherever required) on rescue and restoration.
* Creative learning sessions to be conducted with 10 children groups.

Preventive programs implemented in program areas for addressing child marriage through a comprehensive program

* Identification of the vulnerable children who are prone to getting married and tracking individual cases of child marriage by household visit and providing support.
* To organize campaign on child marriage conducted in 23 slums including bal sangathan meetings.
* Creating awareness generation meeting with the community on the schemes available under Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) for continuation of study for the girl children (15- 18 yrs.)

Financial Summary: January to December 2019


Budget Breakup 2019

Education

10,076

48%

Protection

1,129

5%

Administration

9,898

47%

Total Grant Approved

21,103

100%