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Location

54 slums in Jamshedpur, Ranchi, Dhanbad and Bokaro Districts of Jharkhand, India


Background

ASES started working in the slums by starting a non-formal school comprising of 45 children in NTT bustee (slums), followed by non-formal schools in Beldigram, Nirmal Nagar and others locations. Initially taking up only Non Formal Education and Health Awareness (nutritious food for mother and child, food for school going children and immunisation), ASES later started a daycare center and coaching classes for children of laborers. For a sustainable long term development it focused on Community Based Organisation (CBOs) and other programs like women empowerment, adolescent awareness and networking. Now with CRY support ASES activities in the slums focuses at ensuring child rights through a strengthened community. ASES also works on education, local governance and women empowerment in the rural areas. Mrs. Prabha Jaiswal started Adarsh Seva Sansthan (ASES) in 1991 with a few like-minded individuals after she happened to visit one of the slums/basties of Jamshedpur.

Situation

The team is working in the urban slums of 4 districts in Jharkhand; the issues related to education in the slums are different from the general issues of the rural areas. Most of the slums are situated on encroached government land/company land and thus the households don’t have land entitlement, and even established in the slums are running in temporary shelters like community buildings. In some places the schools are run under tarpaulin sheets or thatched huts. Thus getting land for constructing new schools and ICDS centers is itself a challenge The social environment of the slums are not very conducive for young girls to continue their education as parents don’t prefer to send girl children to high schools which are situated at a long distance. A significant number of children are not enrolled to the ICDS in many of the slums, as the centers are not in close proximity. There is less number of ICDS as compared to the requirement and fewer children are enrolled than is the norm. Most of the ICDS centers do not provide proper pre-school education. Due to the dynamics of the location and the struggle for livelihood, families often send their children to earn and thus they become child laborers. Families in this community favor early marriage of girls which has led to a weak generation of children.

Objectives

  • To ensure complete vaccination to the 0 to 9 month old infants.
  • To ensure 100% enrolment of children in ICDS in the age group of 0-6 years.
  • To ensure growth monitoring, SNP & immunization in all ICDS Centre to reduce malnutrition.
  • To ensure opening of 9 ICDS centres in the operational area.
  • Mainstream 50% of identified drop out children into public schools.
  • 100% retention of children in school in 5 slums.
  • Identify children in age group of 15-18 yrs, collect data and prepare a development plan.
  • To reduce child marriage in the operational area by 50% of last year’s data.
  • To reduce child labor by 20% & enrol children into schools.
  • To place the issues related to school infrastructure, child marriage, and child labor in front of the CBOs for action by the children group.
  • To ensure participation of children in the community & equip them to raise their issues.

Achievements & Impact in the Review Period


Adarsh Seva Sansthan is working in urban slums and has established itself through its quality of work which has impacted the lives of slum-dwelling children. The strength of the team lies in its ability to empower the community to take up children’s and its own issues. It has been successful in tackling many issues like retention of children in schools (now reached at 70%), regularizing Supplementary Nutrition Programs (SNP), immunization in ICDS, growth monitoring of malnourished children etc. It has also built good strategic relations with government departments and non-government bodies. Now it is all geared up to work in depth on the issues of Education and Protection and has developed a 3 year plan. Main achievements for the review period are as follows:

  • Status of immunization for infants and children 1-3 years has improved.
  • Status of institutional deliveries has improved.
  • Community has understood the importance of immunization, safe deliveries, health and nutrition.
  • One Public Health Centre (PHC) has been upgraded with more facilities.
  • Attitudes and practices of communities regarding immunization have been mapped to developing plans for the same.

  • Birth registration and certification has gone up due to active involvement of mothers, adolescent girls, Auxiliary Nurse Midwifery (ANM). Some ANMs are taking proactive roles in this regard, however record keeping by ANMs still needs improvement.
  • Severely Acute Malnourished (SAM) and Moderately Acute Malnourished (MAM) children are identified and regular growth monitoring has been ensured through the Anganwadis.
  • Double ration for the families of malnourished children has been ensured through persistent communications with all concerned government bodies.
  • 80% children in the age group of 3-6 years have been linked to the ICDS centers.
  • 93% children in the school going age have been enrolled in primary and upper primary schools.
  • 35% of the dropped out students have also been re-enrolled in schools.
  • School buildings have been provided for 3 schools out of the 5 demanded.
  • Of more than 550 child laborers identified, 140 have been linked to children’s groups and are in the process of being enrolled into schools.
  • Families of child laborers are being linked to government schemes.
  • Prevented one child marriage in the intervention area.

Plans


[1] Education

Focus 1: Enrolment of 50% children, aged 0 - 6 years in ICDS centres, re-enrolment of drop-out children back into schools, behavioral change of communities towards education for 15 - 18 years aged children

  • Regular tracking and planning to be done for enrolling children into ICDS centers.
  • Community awareness building on the benefits of preschool through campaigns.
  • Follow-up on applications for approval of more ICDS centres in the reference area.
  • Sensitisation of drop-out children, their parents and local community leaders on issues like migration, child marriages, labor and household duties etc.
  • Mobilise local community, parents, children’s collectives to track potential drop-out cases.

Focus 2 : Demand for adequate infrastructure in ICDS centres (for preschool education) and in schools as per RTE norms

  • Tracking attendance patterns of children across ICDS centres.

  • Tracking attendance patterns of children across ICDS centres.
  • Support sessions for preschool education in 2 ICDS centres.
  • Building knowledge and skills of School Monitoring Committees on their roles and responsibilities vis-a-vis ensuring adequate infrastructure in schools and retention of all enrolled children.

[2]Protection

Focus 1 : 10% reduction in child labor (6 - 14 yrs) and prevention of child marriages

  • Mapping available social welfare schemes to the reference community and facilitating linkage of eligible families.
  • Developing communication material by children for sensitization of community against child labor and child marriages.
  • Sensitisation of child workers and their families against child labor, to bring the children back to school.
  • Advocacy at local block and district level to explore alternatives with a view to curb child labor and child marriages .

ANNUAL FINANCIAL SUMMARY

  • Right to Development
    $10,374
  • Right to Protection
    $208
  • Administration
    $6,300
  • Total Grant Approved
    $16,882