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Background

ASES started working in the slums by starting a non-formal school comprising 45 children in NTT bustee. Slowly NFEs in Beldigram, Nirmal Nagar B and others followed. Initially taking up only NFEs and Health Awareness (Nutritious food for mother and child, Food for school going children and Immunisation), ASES later started a day care center for children of labourers and coaching classes as part of the education programme. For a sustainable community it focused on CBOs and integrated other programmes like women empowerment, adolescent awareness and networking with organizations and stakeholders. Now ASES activities in the slums mainly aim at ensuring child right through a strengthened community. ASES venturing into rural areas with NFEs now works on education, local governance and women empowerment in the rural areas. Mrs. Prabha Jaiswal started Adarsh Seva Sansthan (ASES) in 1991 with a few like-minded individuals after she happened to visit one of the slums/basties of Jamshedpur.

Situation

Initially slums around Sonari comprising mainly migrant labourers living in ignorance and poverty were chosen. Later it was extended to slums around Kadma. Slowly with funding available from funding agencies work area was extended to rural areas and other slums. At present Adarsh Seva Sansthan is working in 54 slums in Jamshedpur, Ranchi, Dhanbad and Bokaro. The location of the operational area plays an important role in determining the current situation of the slum dwellers. These slums are situated on the periphery of the planned city of Jamshedpur. This sudden outgrowth was mainly because of brick kilns which were located on the outskirts of the city earlier. The first slum dwellers were actually workers from rural areas who settled around these brick kilns. Most of them rely on contractual labor in the dumping ground, where they are involved in slag picking, in construction work for various buildings in the area, as labor at construction sites, as domestic help, as rickshaw pullers in the city, as contractual factory workers and garage mechanics and in small hotels and restaurants. For women and girls working as domestic labor there is no fixed income rate. The laborers are scattered and no organized forum exists to date. There is a high incidence of child labor due to low standards of living and though dropout rate has reduced over the years, school going children lead very hard lives, spending much of their time working as domestic help/in hotels or garages while they are not in school. Gender atrocities, crime, alcohol and substance abuse and even drug trafficking is not uncommon. The high level of legal insecurity has also led to police atrocities. Immunization of children, ration cards and health and hygiene are problems, as are threats of eviction.

Objectives

  • To ensure full vaccination (6 essential vaccines) to all 0 to 9 months infants.
  • To ensure 100% enrollment of children in ICDS in age group of 0-6 years.
  • To ensure Growth monitoring, SNP[1] & immunization in all ICDS Center to reduce malnutrition.
  • To ensure mainstream of at least 50% of identified drop out children, also ensure 100% retention of children in school in 5 slums
  • To identify children in age group of 15-18 yrs and develop plan for their mainstreaming
  • To Reduce child marriage in the operational area by 50% of last year data
  • To reduce child labour by 20% & enroll them in the schools
  • To empower the children to express their views

Review


  • 1693 children in age group of 0-3 years got full immunization, 675 children in under regular immunization process
  • 252 malnourished children were identified during malnutrition campaign and 232 children were enrolled in ICDS centres
  • Regular SNP ensured in all 42 ICDS centres, 1 new ICDS centre opened up in Jamshedpur
  • 98% enrolment ensured in operational area – 5751 children are enrolled in the schools out of 5826 children
  • 343 drop out children was identified and 125 children were re-enrolled in the schools by the members of children’s collectives and community groups
  • 290 cases of child labour were identified, 18 child labourers were enrolled in schools
  • 4 cases of Children in Conflict with Law and CNCP were rehabilitated with their families
  • 53 slum were identified where no incidence of trafficking
  • 72 underage child marriage cases were identified – 9 of them were stopped with active engagement of children’s group members
  • Total 45 children’s groups active with 1009 child members – 166 of them were developed as leaders

Adarsha Seva Sanstha with its strength in mobilizing local communities was able to intervene deeply in many areas. They were extensively involved in the issues of slums especially those of children of slums, with active participation of children’s groups and adult community collectives. The broad strategies adopted by ASES included awareness creation and sensitization of all stakeholders on child rights issues, especially against child labour, child marriages and child trafficking, mobilizing community to pressure build and bolster the demand for activating government service institutions for health care and education, engaging the children’s groups in campaigns and activities to curb child labour and child marriages as well as to ensure retention of children in schools, advocacy with different government departments to ensure regularity of services as well as for rehabilitation of children.

Plans

  • Ensuring 100% enrolment of all eligible children (aged 0 - 6 years) in ICDS centres, to ensure ICDS centres function regularly and provide all due services (growth monitoring, supplementary nutrition, immunization, pre-school education)
  • To ensure full vaccination of 100% new born children
  • To ensure enrolment of all eligible children (aged 6 – 18 yrs) in schools, to ensure retention of all enrolled children
  • To curb child marriages by at least 50% of previous year
  • To identify and curb child labour cases and enrol them into schools
  • Ensure the participation of children in community and raise their issues by themselves
  • To ensure evidence based advocacy with government at local level

ANNUAL FINANCIAL SUMMARY

  • Right to Development
    $5,286
  • Right to Survival
    $8,395
  • Right to Protection
    $6,219
  • Right to Participation
    $3,731
  • Administration
    $7,462
  • Total grant approved
    $31,093