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Location

16 villages of Sarairanjan block of Samastipur district in Bihar
Thematic Intervention: Education, Protection


Project Context

Jawahar Jyoti Bal Vikas Kendra was registered under Societies registration Act of 1860 on 15th August 1986 and is currently working in the Sarairanjan block of Samastipur district. In the name Jawahar Jyoti Bal Vikas Kendra, Jawahar comes from name of visionary India’s first prime minister Mr. Jawaharlal Nehru, and Jyoti from the name of great social reformer Sri Jyotiba Phule. The project holder Mr. Surendra Kumar is from the backward community of Samastipur district who has struggled for the land rights, proper wages and social positioning in the community. The deplorable situation and personal experience of exploitation and discrimination was the source of his energy and motivation. Mr. Surender Kumar along with other village fellows had started working on education issue in the villages. The team had imparted non-formal education for the children and worked towards mainstreaming them into the government schools from 1995 till 2000.


The organization then started involving itself in different government run welfare and development programs in the villages. Women self help groups were formed with support of NABARD. It came in contact and worked with other organizations and network operating in Bihar such as Bihar Lok Adhikar Manch. These were basically sporadic intervention of the organization till 2003. JJBVK was formally registered as an organization in 2003. Through the years, the organization has been working extensively in education and protection issues wherein it had contributed significantly. There has been substantial improvement in regularity delivery of services under ICDS, reduction in school dropouts, linking of children in various educational schemes, infrastructure deployment, prevention of child marriages, rescue and mainstreaming of child labor etc.

Problem Statement


The project area has been very poor in various development indices. This has continued to debilitate improvement in educational achievements in the project area. And, the underachievement among children in the space of education has continued to act as holdback agent for overall development of subsequent generation of children in the areas of education, making the family livelihoods insecure, violating children’s rights and making them unprotected.

The pre-school education (PSE) among the JJBVK project community is yet to become a noticeable phenomenon for the reason that the institutional mechanism of Anganwadi Centers under the Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) are more focused on supplementary nutrition program (SNP), and selected health service supports such as children’s growth monitoring and vaccinations.

The project’s target community perceives these centers as government sponsored feeding centers. The other set of challenge is the physical infrastructure required, which includes both availability of enough centers to meet universal coverage needs and building spaces with minimum required facilities. There aren’t enough centers to cover all the children population under the age of 6 years. The 16 project villages have 22 ICDS Anganwadi Centers, each of which accommodate only 80 children. Most of the centers are operating from kachchha houses with thatched roof which often seep water during heavy shower. Many of them do not have one or more of separate room for cooking supplementary nutrition food, safe spaces for keeping records, toilets, and regular supply of clean drinking water. The Anganwadi workers are mostly keeping the records and raw food stock in their own homes. A total of 14 Anganwadi centers have been provided with teaching learning materials (TLM) for imparting pre-school education among children, which are getting damaged in few centers due to poor attention by the staff. The local committees assigned with monitoring role are also not able to contribute much as many of the beneficiary family members in the committee themselves are illiterate and lack understanding of the significance of PSE. The staffs in the Anganwadi Centers were never trained in conducting PSE. However, the silver lining in the horizon is that the government has conducted training of district and blocks level officials and local supervisors in recent months on the PSE, which is an outcome of projects advocacy and interface engagements with government and other stakeholders. The frontline staffs are expected to be trained sooner on application of TLM in imparting PSE for children.

There are a good numbers of schools in the project area, duly backed by government schemes and programs for educational tours, scholarships, free textbooks & uniform and Balika Cycle Yojana etc. However, this hasn’t helped arrest dropouts, especially by children from marginal communities and girls. This is because of a variety of reasons such as poor pupil to teacher ratio (PTR), inadequacy of teachers, absence of training and refreshers for teachers, inadequate infrastructure, delayed book distribution and poor participation of the VSS (school management committee) in the quality assurance as many of the members themselves do not been trained for the job, lack of separate toilet for girls and running water for toilets. The state government has also gone ahead with rollout of RMSA (campaign focused in middle school) without any investment associated facilities and capacity building. Education of children is also not a priority among poverty affected families, partly for obvious reasons and mostly due to poor understanding of significance of education. Presence of active children collectives could have helped to an extent, which most of the schools do not have.

The project families are economically poor, with little land and asset holding. Thus, their sustenance is depending on daily wage works in agricultural farms, tobacco leaf plucking and processing, brick kilns etc. Since these are not enough, a lot of families or their adult male members migrate to other cities in states such as Gujarat, Karnataka, Delhi and Punjab. These affect child in many ways such as absence of guardian care & supervision, missing on schooling when accompanied with patents, girls getting married prematurely and before reaching legal age, and boys getting into child labor, at times into physically unsafe jobs as well. All these have consequences of missing on education, early pregnancy among girls with attendant health risks and intergenerational transfer of deficiencies, abuse relationships.

Plans


Key Result Area: All children in the age group of 3-6 years in 22 project habitations are enrolled in the ICDS Anganwadi Centers

* Key Result Area: All children in the age group of 3-6 years in 22 project habitations are enrolled in the ICDS Anganwadi Centers
* Identify all children aged between 3-6 years, and map their access, enrolment & regularity in ICDS Anganwadis;
* Conduct community sensitization & facilitate interface sessions with mothers, caregivers and Anganwadi Workers on importance of PSE, motivate them for enrolment and regularity;
*Conduct 2 capacity building programs for 30 Anganwadi center staff members;
* Conduct Interface meetings with CDPO and MLA for opening up new 5 ICDS centers and sanction of buildings.



Key Result Areas : All children aged 6-14 years in the project area are retained in schools

* Identify dropped-out and vulnerable to dropping-out from school children and initiate individual and family counseling;
* Assist in admission of dropped-out girls into residential schools KGBV;
* Conduct dialogue with teachers in 27 schools to arrange special classes for child labor /drop out children who are enrolled in the school;
* Organize Block level VSS convention in Sariaranjan to share findings of Study on RTE compliances and learning outcome, and develop plan to address gaps;
* Set up one tuition support centre for the girls, with batch capacity of 30.
* Conduct sensitization training for 25 teachers on educational leadership.



Key Result Area: Reduce child labor in 22 villages of Sarairanjan Block

* Counseling of children in the project villages who are into child labor;
* Identify and establish contact with children working outside the state and counsel them;
* Identify vulnerable families having potential of child labor and link them with the social security schemes through mobilizing PRI.
* Organize dialogue with Labor Dept. and District level task force for rescue of child labor in local area, and placing them before CWC to ensure rehabilitation;
* Organize Block level workshop with landlords, shop owners, brick kiln owners on child labor.
* Conduct training session with 40 adolescent girls in 14-18 years from children collectives on issues of child labor and unsafe migration, their risks & affects.



Key Result Area: Prevent child marriage in 22 project villages

* Conduct survey of the project villages to identify and track 12-18 year old girls who are vulnerable of child marriage, and link them with Quest Alliance for skill building;
* Organize monthly sensitization meeting with children and community on implications of child marriage, and legal provisions to prevent child marriages;
* Organize block level workshop with youth, parents, elected leaders in PRI, and ward level CPC members on child marriage, its consequences & preventions.



Key Result Area: Develop & strengthen understanding on age appropriate development among children, their views and reality

Facilitate regular meetings in children collectives - Bal Panchayat;
* Organizing theatre and painting workshops for children on protection issues;
* Sensitize parents to mobilize their children (especially girls) for active participation to children collective process;
* Publish children magazine and wall magazine;
* Organize one girl’s football team.

Financial Summary: January to December 2019


Budget Breakup 2019

Education

4,076

29%

Protection

4,025

28%

Participation

1,226

9%

Administration

4,929

35%s

Total Grant Approved

14,256

100%