on the details of
CCRP initiative is an attempt to create a synergy by linking the organizations working in institutions to evolve standards of quality care – an area that remained outside the purview of otherwise ‘children in difficult circumstances’. It was also an attempt to collectively advocate for promotion of alternative care – trying to look at institutionalization as the last resort where family or parental care was not in the best interest of the children. The program evolved around the CRC and the Juvenile Justice Act as the foundation pillars initially. Basundhara has been engaged with this initiative almost since 1985. In order to cater to the segment of vulnerable children and women, Basundhara started running an institution for the rehabilitation of children. The organization in due course understood the need for finding ways of deinstitutionalizing. Finding alternative care to children in Institutional setups through adoption resulted in Basundhara working in the field of Adoption. It also entailed working with the JJ system in the state of Orissa and advocating with the Government to herald in the State Rules for implementation of child rights. The organization has also been able to mobilize people from various walks of life in engaging them to advocate for child rights. The organization has earned repute in the field of Child Protection from the Government. Constant advocacy has paved way to the Government taking cognizance of Basundhara’s opinion while framing policies on children. Basundhara is also a nodal for Child line. The expansion of the program of Basundhara has been in accordance to its vision and objectives. The Project Holder, Ms. Saila Behera, is an eminent personality in the field of Child Protection in Orissa.
Orissa continues to be the poorest state in India since the past 25 years. Though there has been a decline in the poverty ratio in the State, about 50% of the population continues to remain below the poverty line. Though the state government has undertaken a number of welfare schemes like Antodoya Anna Yojna, Annapurna Anna Yojna, ICDS, Mid Day Meal scheme, these have failed to deliver to the desired level and address the need of the marginalized. Of the several Child Care Institutions, only 46 Institutions have obtained government recognition while many more remain 'unrecognized' and hence deprived of government grants for child care. There is a need to apprise the government on the exact list of Child Care Institutions in the state and mobilize government support for all these Institutions so as to ensure appropriate Child Care for all children in need of care and protection. Juvenile Justice Board (JJB) and Child Welfare Centre (CWC) have been constituted in all the 30 districts of the state – however only a few of them are functional while a large percentage remains dysfunctional and unaware of their roles and responsibilities.
Neither does any mechanism for monitoring the functioning of the JJBs and CWCs exist in the state. In urban areas, CNCP & CCL category children mostly reside in slums. Having identified the problem, there is then a need for mapping the exact situation of children in the slums and designing appropriate interventions to bring such children under the fold of this intervention. In this backdrop, Basundhara attempts to redress child rights violations through the child care Institution services, outreach and non-institutional services, legal aid services and initiatives for empowering deprived women in addition to strengthening the core area of Quality Institutional Care and Alternatives for Children focusing on Adoption.
- Strengthen the implementation of J.J. system in the state.
- Find out opportunities for Community based rehabilitation to prevent children being institutionalized and promote alternative care.
- Create a safe environment for the children in difficult circumstances with an emphasis on building collective ownership.
- To ensure government's role and accountability on child protection issues in the State.
Review and Impact
The Initiative Coalition for child Rights to Protection which is in the nature of alliance have been focus on Juvenile justice Act and under its realm the advocacy efforts resulted in notification of all Child welfare Committees and Juvenile Justice Board. Out of these despite loopholes CWCs/JJBs of some district are functioning actively. The advocacy effort put for last two years for having a state level Child Commission has expedited the process of state and now notification has been done.
- Four workshops organized on Juvenile Justice with CWCs, JJBs, Police, Judiciary and other stake holders in collaboration with concerned government departments.
- State level consultation conducted for police on Juvenile Justice System.
- Stakeholder consultation done to articulate and share monitoring indicators for measuring status of children in conflict with law.
- Enhancing the knowledge base of VCRO on JJ Act - Consultation on Child protection done with special reference to JJ Systems and ICPS for VCRO/CCRP core group/coordination and advisory committee members.
- Child care institutions visited and report prepared on status of the children in Observation Homes.
- To orient JJBs of 30 District, develop plan and proper monitoring in coordination with Department of Women and Child Development.
- Advocacy for timely disposal of cases in two observation Homes in Rourkela & Berhampore.
- To facilitate the formation of core groups for conducting district level workshop and consultation in 5 districts.
- To mobilize community and children about their rights and entitlements in the three identified slums.
- Promoting vocational training, adoption and sponsorship programme for supplementing different means of rehabilitations and deinstitutionalization.
- Creating follow up mechanisms for care of children in Homes.
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