Situation of Underprivileged Children
Every child is entitled to a meaningful childhood. But for many children, the reality of childhood is altogether different. They suffer from hunger and homelessness; work in harmful conditions and do not have access to quality education and healthcare. Every second child in India is malnourished. 47 out of 1000 children die before completing their first life. Child Rights are fundamental rights of all human beings below the age of 18. These rights apply to every child, irrespective of the child's race, color, gender, caste, class or religion. ALL children have the right to survive, develop, be protected and participate in decisions that affect them.
Statistics of Underprivileged
Children in India
India, with about 430 million children has the world's largest child population with every sixth child in the world referring to India as home. Although children constitute over a third of India's population, their interests are not a top priority and their rights are violated every day.
- Budgetary provision for child education by the government has increased from 1.47% in 2001-02 to 3.34% of the total Union Budget in 2013-14 GDP (Eleventh Five Year Plan, Government sites and yearly budgetary- related documents published by HAQ)
- Net Enrollment Ratio (NER) at the Upper Primary Elementary Level is only 58.3% (Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, 2012)
- National Dropout Rate at the Elementary Level is over 40% (District Information System for Education, 2011-12)
- About 35% children with disabilities remain out of Elementary school (District Information System for Education, 2011-12)
- School dropout rate amongst adolescent girls is a high 63.5% (Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, 2012)
- Around 45 per cent of the schools do not have even their own boundary wall (Annual Economic Survey, 2011-12)
- 16.6% of public schools have no provision for drinking water (Annual Economic Survey, 2011-12)
- 56% of public schools do not have a separate toilet for girls (Annual Economic Survey, 2011-12)
on US Children
CRY America has identified 2 key issues affecting children in USA and will look at these issues as priorities for financial years 2012 and 2013. The 2 priority issues for support will be Child Health and Child Abuse & Neglect.
Child Abuse and Neglect (USA)
During Federal fiscal year 2006:
- 905,000 children were maltreated. - The rate of victimization was 12.1 per 1,000 children in the population
- 3.6 million children received an investigation by CPS agencies. - The rate of investigation was 47.3 per 1,000 children
- The rate of children who received an investigation rose from 43.8 / 1,000 children in 2002 to 47.8 per 1,000 children in 2006
- The highest incidence of victims (20.1 or greater per 1,000 children) were in the states of Iowa, Massachusetts, West Virginia and Florida.
During Federal Financial Year 2006:
- 64.1% of victims experienced neglect
- 16% of victims were physically abused
- 8.8% of victims were sexually abused
- 6.6% of victims were psychologically abused
- 2.2% of victims were medically abused
- 15.1% victims experienced other types of maltreatment such as abandonment, threats of harm to the child or congenital drug addiction.