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Wide Angle

Location: Imphal Proper & Imphal West district, Manipur

Situation

Spread over Imphal proper and 7 CD blocks of Imphal west, Manipur, the vaishnavite Hindu meities community dominates the valley and makes up more than 60 percent of Manipur's population. The mainstay of the state economy is agriculture, which is largely dependent upon rain-fed farming and follows traditional and often unproductive patterns. Low lying fields in the valley are not provided with irrigation facilities and the state is still to use double cropping for increased food production. The hill farmers practice the primitive and traditional method of Jhum cultivation, which is less productive hence less profitable.

Challenge

* The child rights status of the area is dismal and the health status is poor with high incidence of malnourishment and HIV / AIDS.

* Accessibility to education is low and the school dropout rate is high.

* Domestic violence, armed conflicts, unstable law and order situation, displacement and migration, trafficking of children and women, HIV / AIDS, abject poverty and unemployment are prominent regional issues of the area.

Highlights

* Wide Angle envisages the creation of productive youth through righteous reasons, inspired thoughts and responds to justice.

* The organization works without discrimination against religion, creed, race, gender or language, in collaboration with youth clubs, student's union and likeminded NGO's under a democratic framework. .

* Wide Angle is a strategic partner in the north eastern region and is also the Convener of the Manipur state alliance.

* The initiative of Wide Angle is not merely an initiative to address AIDS but through this initiative, an attempt has been made to address the issue of child rights

Results

* 280 children were referred to health care centres and received benefits for health and nutrition support.

* Free OPD, medicine support, Counseling & advice was given to 192 children.


* Solidarity support from the general population for the cause of HIV infected/affected - more than 150 children participated in the campaign


* Advocacy efforts of Wide Angle resulted in mainstreaming of 80% HIV/AIDS affected children in school. Out of these children 70% children are in the private school and 30% children are in the government school.

Background:

Wide Angle (Social Development Organization) Manipur was registered in 1984 by a group of dynamic Manipuri Youths. The organization started working with a vision for creating productive youths by collectively enhancing health, Human Rights and Gender justice. It worked in collaboration with Youth clubs, student's union and like minded NGOs. It became a partner of the Manipur AIDS Control Society (1998), Manipur State Council for Child Welfare (2003) and Indian Network of NGOs in HIV/AIDS (2003). Wide Angle is a strategic partner in the North Eastern Region. The organization started working with a vision for creating productive youths by collectively enhancing health, Human Rights and gender equality. It worked in collaboration with Youth clubs, student's union and like minded NGOs. This is an effective initiative in Manipur addressing issues of children infected / affected by HIV/AIDS thereby taking up the issue of child rights in the State.

Situation:

Manipur has highest-HIV infection rate in India. Domestic violence, armed conflicts, unstable law and order situation, displacement and migration, abject poverty and unemployment are prominent regional issues of the area. As per sentinel surveillance reports last year, the rate of HIV infection among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics is 2.04. It means that out of every 100 women attending antenatal clinics, two are HIV infected. The children born to them have a 30% chance of infection. The acute poverty, ethnic violence, urban rural migration and HIV/AIDS epidemic has led to many Children in Especially Difficult Circumstances (CEDC) in Manipur. The ethnic violence which rocked the State from early 1991 to 1995 led to huge migration to the valley and particularly in Imphal, where there are large number of children who are in need of special care and support. There are around 3140 street and working children in Imphal (Base line survey report - Manipur State AIDS control Society). Now a new generation of hundreds of orphans children infected and affected by HIV/AIDS has come in Manipur. 183 children in the operational area are HIV positive, out of 112 identified families; this number is higher than the population of women and male. Accessibility to education is low and School Drop out rate is high. In this context, Wide Angle envisages to the creation of productive youths through righteous reasons, inspired thoughts and responds to Justice. The organization works without discrimination against religion, creed, race, gender or language and works in collaboration with Youth clubs, student's union and like minded NGOs and by building alliances with other groups through non-violence under a democratic framework.

Objectives:

  • To improve socio-economic conditions of the poor and marginalized people in the State
  • To propagate peaceful co-existence in the society
  • Contribution to the peace settlement within the region
  • To develop appropriate model of health care and youth and child friendly services
  • To improve health care for marginalized women and children
  • To develop strategies and policies to minimize the impact of globalization
  • To strengthen advocacy towards enhancement of public health, reduce detrimental effect of development works and improve economic conditions and sense of peaceful co-existence

Review:

The organization has done technical and specific intervention with the infected and affected children, women and community since 2005. Direct intervention with HIV/ AIDS infected and affected community is very necessary along with the community support. Since 2009, emphasis was led on identifying HIV/ AIDS infected and affected household for people centric advocacy, organize them in political forum, to aware them about the rights of the children particularly those who are positive and also affected. Stress has been given to make political visibility in public forum for larger advocacy at state level and also to mobilize the service providers. Capacity building programs were organized with the mothers and other stake holders.

Some of the processes carried out through the year were -

  • 9 more mutual support groups joined in this year. Mutual Support Groups received input in form of training, workshop and focus group discussion on various issues. These women received knowledge on good health, hygiene practices, low cost nutrition and Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) adherence.
  • Major emphasis was given on monitoring and ensuring ART adherence among HIV positive women and children. Currently, more than 96 members are taking ART under the monitoring of the project.
  • Out of 172 HIV /AIDS children, 26 children were sent to Govt School and 146 in Private school.
  • 38 children are regular and taking interest in activities, innovate and learn. Some of them participated in the state level cultural meet organized by MACR.
  • Events were organized to bring the affected children together through activities like drawing, singing competition, art work, recitation, dances and monologues.
  • In order to facilitate speedy implementation of RTE the District Inspector was invited to give a talk on provisions of RTE and importance of formation of SMC to improve the quality of education in the schools.
  • Around two hundred women, children and men affected with HIV/AIDS availed the services from government health institutions.

Plans:

  • To organize health awareness campaign with the family members of infected and affected clients.
  • New members of MSG groups will be trained on Health and nutrition with demonstration.
  • 60 families will be reached out to spread awareness on HIV/AIDS and reduce stigma and discrimination.
  • Referral to existing health care services, NGOs and other health service providers - to reach out to 100 children and parents.
  • To organize workshops on the issue of HIV/AIDS with civil society.
  • Conducting income generation activity cum vocational training for MSG members.
  • Free OPD, medicine support and counseling to 250 MSG members and HIV/AIDS affected children.
  • Home based care & ART adherence training for staffs and new MSG.

Budget summary:

Particulars Amount (US $)
Right to Development 4,945
Right to Survival 7,912
Right to Protection 3,709
Right to Participation 1,978
Administration 6,181
Total 24,725

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