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Shramik Vikas Kendram (SVK)

Location: Mahabubnagar district, Andhra Pradesh

   

Situation

Mahbubnagar district is part of the Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh that is considered to be the most backward regions due to socio-economic and political factors. 89% of the total population is rural. The district economy is agrarian. Consistent drought is a common phenomenon. Undulating land, low fertility of land, seasonal wage employment and consequential large-scale migration has worsened the situation.

Challenge

The problems that this predominantly backward district encounters are:

• Prevalence of child labor

• Migration due to lack of sufficient livelihood options

• Child marriages and employing of children in cotton fields

The predominance of child labor has been due to factors such as:

• Dominance of the upper castes over the resources of the area

• Lack of sufficient coping mechanisms for livelihood

• Comparative absence of family planning in earlier days resulting in big families and the logical consequence of migration

Highlights

• 1739 birth certificates were issued, 92.5% children were immunized, 82% child births were registered.

• Strengthening of ICDS centers, 6 new ICDS centers were sanctioned.

• 100% enrolment of children (6-14 yrs) was ensured.11 schools were reactivated.

• 35 child labours were mainstreamed.

• 3 differently abled children were admitted in schools, disability certificates were ensured for 24 persons.

• 120 families were ensured 370 acres of land by mass campaigns.

• Demand was raised to create employment for the agriculture labourers in the back drop of severe drought situation. It includes small and marginal farmers.

• 11 new Bala Sanghams were formed and 9 were strengthened.

Plans

• Efforts to be made to reduce Infant Mortality Rate to 15 and further promote birth registration.

• 95% children to be covered under complete immunization. Formation and reactivation of 20 ICDS centres in the operational area.

• 200 more child labourers to be freed from work force. 6 more villages to be made child marriage free.

• Campaign for social security measures for unorganized sector workers in 80 villages.

• Conducting mass action for ensuring rights of the differently able children & implementation of the Persons with Disabilities (PWD) Act of 1995.

• One mass action will be taken up in the constituency against malnutrition.

• 60 drop outs to be enrolled in schools.

• 100% enrolment to be ensured in 10 more villages and 10 more schools to be activated

• To continue Mandal level Campaign on Common School System (CSS).

• Monitoring of 8 schools in 10 villages with respect to implementation of RTE Act

• Conducting baseline data collection in 20 newly covered villages.

• Formation and capacity building of 20 child groups and strengthening of all the 98 existing groups.

       

 

Background:

Shramik Vikas Kendram (SVK) was formed in 1992 to undertake development work in Mahabubnagar district. Initially the Project Holder received a fellowship in 1994 from MV Foundation to work for tackling the root causes of child labour. The organization was further supported by the South Asia Poverty Alleviation Program of UNDP to carry out women development activities at Peddakothapalli Mandal. CRY first supported SVK in 1997. The support was directed towards eradicating child labour and enhancing livelihood options for the families in Peddakothapalli mandal and Kollapur mandal. SVK was supported by DRDA [District Rural Development Agency] and NCLP [National Child Labour Program] in its effort to eliminate child labour in the operational area. The Project Holder, Mr. Y. Laxman Rao hails from Kollapur mandal in Mahabubnagar district. He also has experience of working on child labour issues through Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiah Foundation (MV Foundation).

The main objective of the intervention is to ensure child rights protection through Community Empowerment in 184 villages, of which 98 are direct intervention villages (78 old and 20 new) in  Peddakothapally, Veepanagandla, Kodair, Panagal and Kollapur Mandals of Mahabubnagar District, Andhra Pradesh.

Situation:

Agriculture is the primary means of livelihood in the operational area. Labourers are not paid equal and minimum wages. Most of the people in this area migrate to the city of Hyderabad and other states in search of employment. As a result their children are forced to discontinue their education and engage in different forms of work. Families are not covered under different govt. welfare programmes. There are huge disparities among castes.  SCs and STs are both socially and economically backward. With respect to specific child rights issues, the villages have high IMR. Main reasons had been irregular Auxillary Nurse Midwife (ANM) visits, inactive Primary Health Centres (PHCs), low Ante Natal Care (ANC) and low immunization of women and children, etc. There are 743 child labourers in the intervention villages. Schools face low enrolment ratio and high due to poor quality of education and lack of infrastructural facilities. 59 differently able children need disability certificates. 46% villages have not yet achieved 100% enrolment of children into schools.

Objectives:

  • Universalization of free education and implementation of Common School System
  • Ensure access to free health services for all children in the reference communities.
  • Ensure that constitutional rights of children are protected.
  • Promote participation of children in community life.
  • Elimination of caste and gender based discrimination in the society.

Review:

SVK has been successful in generating mass awareness on child rights through mobilizing community collectives and interface with local Panchayats for ensuring activation of health care services. The Child Rights Protection Committees (CRPCs) are actively involved in monitoring the functioning of the available PHCs and SCs. Mahila Arogya Sangam (MAS) members ensure that pregnant women receive immunization and nutrition for themselves and their new born children. Panchayat Secretaries are also persuaded to issue birth certificates for the new born children. People are regularly sensitized on the prospective benefits from National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA). Adolescent girls were oriented on working as a pressure group to prevent marriage below the age of 18. Kalajatha programmes were organised at village level focussing on ill effects of child marriage. CRPCs, MASs have played an active role in the campaign. Girl Rights Protection Cells (GRPCs) have been formed in villages.

Following are some of the key program highlights of SVK:

  • 1739 birth certificates were issued, 92.5% children were immunized, 82% child births were registered.
  • Strengthening of ICDS centers, 6 new ICDS centers were sanctioned.
  • 100% enrolment of children (6-14 yrs) was ensured.11 schools were reactivated.
  • 35 child labours were mainstreamed.
  • 3 differently abled children were admitted in schools, disability certificates were ensured for 24 persons.
  • 120 families were ensured 370 acres of land by mass campaigns.
  • Demand was raised to create employment for the agriculture labourers in the back drop of severe drought situation. It includes small and marginal farmers.
  • 11 new Bala Sanghams were formed and 9 were strengthened

Plans:

  • Efforts to be made to reduce Infant Mortality Rate to 15 and further promote birth registration.
  • 95% children to be covered under complete immunization.
  • Formation and reactivation of 20 ICDS centres in the operational area.
  • 200 more child labourers to be freed from work force. 6 more villages to be made child marriage free.
  • Campaign for social security measures for unorganized sector workers in 80 villages.
  • Conducting mass action for ensuring rights of the differently able children & implementation of the Persons with Disabilities (PWD) Act of 1995.
  • One mass action will be taken up in the constituency against malnutrition.
  • 60 drop outs to be enrolled in schools.
  • 100% enrolment to be ensured in 10 more villages and 10 more schools to be activated
  • To continue Mandal level Campaign on Common School System (CSS).
  • Monitoring of 8 schools in 10 villages with respect to implementation of RTE Act
  • Conducting baseline data collection in 20 newly covered villages.
  • Formation and capacity building of 20 child groups and strengthening of all the 98 existing groups.

Budget summary:

Particulars Amount (US $)
Right to Development 3,865
Right to Survival 13,350
Right to Protection 7,026
Right to Participation 1,405
Administration 9,486
Total 35,132

 

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