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Mahila Abhivrudhi Mattu Samrakshana Samasthe (MASS)

Location: Belgaum district, Karnataka

   

Situation

• Child marriage is very prevalent. This increases risks of adverse reproductive health

• Alcoholism among men, acute poverty, gender based traditions have made girl children more vulnerable to gender based violence

• The Devadasi system is still followed here. So girls are often forcefully dedicated / given-up to gods and deities. Particularly Dalit women.

• Infant mortality is very high.

Objectives

To ensure child survival by monitoring primary healthcare services and protect dignity of girl child by prevention of child trafficking and child marriage.

• To identify and monitor malnourished children of different category.

• To ensure access, quality & services of primary, secondary and high schools.

• To strengthen girl child protection systems in all 20 intervention villages.

• To re-enrol drop out children and child laborers, with special emphasis on girl children.

• To strengthen community mobilisation to address child rights.

Highlights

• 231 Birth Registration and Death Registrations.

• 7 Primary Health Centres and 4 sub centres were activated during the year.

• 291 children got immunized and 904 received health check up.

• 11 ICDS were activated during the year.

• 94 cases of malnourishment were identified

• 156 pregnant women and 153 lactating mothers received supplementary nutrition during the year.

• 289 children were prevented from migration.

• 664 children were enrolled during the review period.

• Strengthening of 27 children groups with inclusion of 202 new members was done during the year.

Plans

• To collect village level data on child rights status in the operational area.

• Identification of malnourished children of different category monitoring 86 severely malnourished children.

• Awareness and monitoring girl child protection.

• Identify and follow up on the enrolment of child labourers / drop out children from the mainstream schooling process.

• To ensure access, quality and basic services of immunisation, anganwaadis, nutrition, PHCs, health, PDS, ration cards

• To strengthen community mobilisation to address child rights by initiating 5 village level monitoring committees.

• Capacity building of the team in the beginning of the year on holistic child rights 

       

 

Background:

The organization came into existence in 1997 when the Karnataka State Women Development Corporation (KWDC) and MYRADA were supporting the Devadasi Rehabilitation programme in Karnataka. MASS was initiated to secure rights and justice for women and children. The organization leadership is comprised of marginalized women who were victims of the devadasi system in society.

Situation:

Belgaun is known to be the commercial and industrial hub of North Karnataka. However, child marriages are common in the district which increases risk of adverse reproductive health consequences as well as other health hazards. Alcoholism among men, acute poverty, gender based traditions and insensitive attitude of men have made girl children more vulnerable to gender based violence.

One of the predominant feature of the district is the Devadasi system wherein young girls (sometimes even before they are born) mainly from dalit families were forced to be dedicated to a local deity/goddess and were expected to lead an ascetic life in the service of the goddess. As the tradition degenerated into an exploitative one, only dalit women were forced to lead life as devadasis, particularly from the lowest rung within the dalit community. Belgaum, Bijapur, Davangere, Bagalkot, Raichur, Koppal, Dharwad, Bellay, Gulbarga, Shimoga, Haveri, Gadag and other districts of north Karnataka are witness to this system. High infant mortality rate, lack of public health care facilities, malnourishment,lower number of ICDS, high rate of school droupouts, child trafficking are some other critical child rights issues in the area.

Objectives:

  • To ensure child survival by monitoring of primary healthcare services and protect dignity of girl child by prevention of child trafficking and child marriage.
  • To identify and monitor malnourished children of different category.
  • To ensure access, quality & services of primary, secondary and high schools.
  • To strengthen girl child protection systems in all 20 intervention villages.
  • To re-enrol drop out children and child labour with special emphasis on girl children.
  • To strengthen community mobilisation to address child rights.

Review:

MASS has been successful in eradicating the practice of forced devdasi system in Belgaum district. Currently with CRY partnership the organization is operating in 20 revenue villages of Chikkodi taluka in Belgaum district of Karntaka. The focus of the project will be on ensuring dignity and education of girl children to prevent child marriages, child trafficking, girl child abuse and girl children being forced into devadasi practice. MASS has been undertaking programs like running children activity centers in Raibagh taluk, giving special academic inputs to strengthen the children's overall academic performance, identification of enrolled and drop out children, conducting of children gram sabhas and extending legal support service for the protection of women and children. While MASS has a strong presence in the community and good understanding of the devdasi practice, CRY will closely work with the organization to strengthen its understanding on holistic child rights approach.

Plans:

  • To collect village level data on child rights status in the operational area on child marriage, child trafficking, immunisation, anganwaadis, malnutrition, children's health, schools, drop out / child labour, girl children.
  • Identification of malnourished children of different category monitoring 86 severely malnourished children. Ensuring proper medical treatments and doctor's advice to them.
  • Awareness on girl child protection. Monitoring any cases of forcing girl children into devadasi practice. Monitoring Child Marriages, Child Trafficking.
  • Identify and follow up on the enrolment of child labourers / drop out children from the mainstream schooling process.
  • To ensure access, quality and basic services of immunisation, anganwaadis, nutrition, PHCs, health, PDS, ration cards
  • To strengthen community mobilisation to address child rights by initiating 5 village level monitoring committee
  • Capacity building of the team in the beginning of the year on holistic child rights, Child Marriage, trafficking, legal process, ICDS Schemes, education to strengthen knowledge of the team.

Budget Summary:

Particulars Amount (US $)
Right to Survival 6,202
Right to Protection 4,383
Administration 10,089
Total 20,674

 

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