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Mahan Seva Sansthan

Location: Udaipur district, Rajasthan India.

   

Situation

Poverty and poor health of the people caused by drought, harsh terrain and ignorance about health issues, which led to children being deprived of their childhood.

Challenge

• Low rainfall affected agriculture, the main source of income of the people

• People were forced to migrate to cities in search of work

• Children were pulled out of schools to help in the bread-winning

• There was high infant mortality due to early marriages and lack of health facilities

Highlights

• Community based approach taken to address specific concerns on an equal footage

• Alternative sources of income such as dairy farming and herb gardens introduced and funded through banks

• Children given a say in the decisions through Bal Panchayats (children's council)

Results

• 130 children got a Birth Certificate.

• 219 children got caste certificate during the review period.

• 1187 children covered under complete immunization.

• All the 174 drop out children was also re enrolled in the schools.

• Free & compulsory elementary education ensured to 1774 children (6 to 14 years) in the 22 schools in intervention villages.

• 65 children were rescued during migration from their own village to join labour force.

• 20 Bal Samuh and five Bal Panchayat formed in the project interventions villages.

Background:

Mahan Sewa Sansthan, formed in 1989 started working with the tribal families of 20 villages spread over 4 Panchayats. Initially the focus of intervention was to address discrimination and deprivation through strengthening of education system. Later with broadening of perspective, experience and experimentation, the organization focused more on community mobilization and working towards the rights of children, advocating for the rights of displaced communities and creating a just society. The operational area of Mahan is now spread over 8 Panchayats, covering 60 villages in Jhadol block and 5 villages in Kotra block. Through all its intervention, the organization now reaches out to approximately 6000 families and covers approximately 42000 populations.

Situation:

The project area has villages, predominantly inhabited by tribal communities (almost 66%). Most of the tribal families are involved in the collection of the minor forest products and their sale in the local markets. There are 6200 children residing in the target area. Children from indigenous communities, in southern Rajasthan are being forced into an environment which is non-enabling and non-empowering to them. These children are deprived of quality education and health services they deserve. Their right to develop to their fullest potential is not being met. Discriminatory social practices deprive women of an equal platform, space and opportunity. Infant mortality rate is an alarming issue in the villages, main reason being malnutrition, pneumonia and vomiting cum dehydration. Child marriage is prevalent in the area.  Of the total child population around 60% children have early marriages. The first pregnancy is between the ages of 16-18 years, which is a major reason of infant mortality. Sex determination test and termination are also becoming common. Problem of potable water also persists in the area. There are villages where approximately 50 families are using one hand pump. As compared to the geographical spread of the area, there are only a few number of ICDS centres. Anganwadi workers find it hard to think beyond distributing supplementary nutrition and supporting ANM on immunization services. 

Objectives:

  • Ensuring access to free elementary education.
  • Ensuring formation and active participation of School Management Committee (SMC) in managing education programs.
  • Ensuring birth registration for all new born.
  • Establishing linkage of disabled children with relevant government schemes.
  • Reduce Child trafficking by actively liaisoning with the law enforcement agencies.
  • Organize exposures / interactions and form thematic theatre groups to build knowledge.

Review:

Over the 17 years of CRY support, Mahan has build up its strength in child centric issues in right based approach and linking it to larger issues like right to health and education. More than 90% percent of the deliveries took place in hospital and other institutions with not a single reported case of maternal death in the project area. This could not have been possible without a community which is not sensitized and aware about the importance of safe delivery and benefits of Janani Surakshya Yojna.  Mahan has been able to mobilize communities to provide better facilities in the health institutions.  The constant pressure over Anganwadi and the PRI led to 100 percent registration of all the reported new births and enhance in issuance of birth registration certificate. The organization played a facilitating role in formation School Management Committee (SMC) in the schools of project area.

Some of the impacts of Mahan's intervention are:

  • Birth registration certificate issued to 130 children.
  • 219 children got caste certificate during the review period.
  • 1187 children covered under complete immunization.
  • All the 174 drop out children was also re enrolled in the schools.
  • Free & compulsory elementary education ensured to 1774 children (6 to 14 years) in the 22 schools in intervention villages.
  • 65 children were rescued during migration from their own village to join labour force.
  • 20 Bal Samuh and five Bal Panchayat formed in the project interventions villages.
  • Toilet has been sanctioned for three schools
  • Total 505 bank accounts opened by the children of different children group. These children bank are run by the children themselves.

Plans:

  • Ensuring better health facilities and enhance quality nutrition at project villages through activation of Primary Health Centres (PHCs).
  • Raising the issue of irregular immunisation process with the Panchayat health committee and block and district level officials.
  • Ensuring Quality and Intensive education for children in between 6 to 18 years of age with active involvement of community, SMC and Panchayat Raj Institutions (PRI)
  • Pressurizing the administration for the issuance of death certificate with the reasons of deaths.
  • Bal Panchayat members to prepare charter of demand for effective implementation of RTE norm and to share the same with community, SMC members, Panchayat, concern authorities, media
  • Protection of the child from all forms of exploitation at family, community and village level through linkages with govt. schemes and legal system.
  • Liaison with other network and alliance at the regional, state and national level to ensure the protection Child Rights.

Budget summary:

Particulars Amount (US $)
Right to Development 5568
Right to Survival 8700
Right to Protection 4176
Right to Participation 6612
Administration  9743
Total 34799

 

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