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Jawahar Jyoti Bal Vikas Kendra (JJBVK)

Location: Samastipur district, Bihar

   

Situation

Samastipur is a fertile district of Bihar with a large number of water bodies. The people of the intervention area are mostly from minority communities engaged as labor force. Exploitation and oppression are rampant and they are denied of their basic rights. Government service delivery in most of the operational villages is defunct. Doctors and medicines are mostly available in the private health centres in Samastipur which the rural mass is unable to afford. There is prevalence of malnourishment among children in Dalit and backward communities. Child death is another alarming concern in the reference community. Due to lack of proper services in ICDS centers, the villages record low rate of immunization among women and children. A substantial number of children are out of school and engaged in the work force. Children with disability are neglected socially. Few cases of child trafficking were reported last year. Due to lack of livelihood opportunities, children migrate along with their parents to Surat, Bengal, Jalpaiguri, Mumbai, Delhi and Punjab.

Challenge

• In the operational area there is caste based land holding pattern, resulting in 25% of the agricultural land being owned by the general caste and other backward castes (mainly Kaluita and Teli).

• The upper caste people and the contractors have major control over the resources because of which maximum benefit from natural resources like forest, water and land is taken away by them

• Agriculture and agricultural wage is the main source of livelihood, but wage rates are not commensurate with the rise in prices of staple food.

• The essential infrastructure on education and health are available but is not fully functional due to lack of awareness and government apathy.

• There are primary schools in the area, but the teachers are inadequate and they are afraid to include the students from the weaker sections.

Highlights

• It is evident that there has been a significant change particularly with regard to survival rights and more specifically on the issues of immunization, institutional delivery and the birth registration process.

• Efforts towards building a strong people's movement towards child rights issues have yielded results.

• In the coming year, the focus will be on enabling all community members to join the people's organization process and to work on the right to education and survival rights.

Results

• 13 Bal Panchayat (2 new Bal Panchayat) have been formed in 12 villages and one ward of urban slum where the children of marginalized community and slum dweller has been engaged.

• 2 days capacity building (CB) programs of 28 Bal Panchayat leaders organized. The agenda of the CB program was child rights and how the children can strengthen and sustain their collective.

• In Miyari, children protests against the quality of mid-day meals drew attention of the media and complaint was submitted to the education department.

• Women's group generated awareness on birth registrations and immunization of children upto 5 years of age. As a result of their dialogue with panchayat members, 2 ICDS centers were approved and 1 ICDS center was shifted to reference community area.

• Increase in enrollment and retention of children in schools.

• Children with disability have disability certificate and are getting benefits under the government scheme.

• Children have taken initiatives to prevent child trafficking by involving JJBVK and CBO's in the villages.

Background:

The organization was formed under the leadership of Mr. Surendra Kumar in 1986. The deplorable situation and personal experience of exploitation and discrimination was the source of energy and motivation for Mr. Kumar. Other fellow villagers also joined him in his mission and together they were involved in various development activities like organizing eye operation camp, family planning program, training of the youth on animal husbandry etc. From 1995 till 2000, the team members of JJBVK imparted non-formal education to children and mainstreamed them in Government schools. They also started Self Help Groups (SHG) program against Mahajani system through the support of NABARD. In 2003 JJBVK was registered as an organization as the group started moving towards sustainable development programmes with focus on children from marginalized communities. Currently the operation of JJBVK is spread across 15 revenue villages covering 10 Panchayats of Sarairanjan block in Samastipur district, Bihar and 5 wards of slums situated in Samastipur district in Bihar.

Situation:

Samastipur is one of the most fertile districts of Bihar with a large number of water bodies. The people of the intervention area are mostly from minority communities engaged as labour force. Exploitation and oppression are rampant and they are denied of their basic rights and social positioning. Government service delivery mechanism in most of the operational villages is defunct. Doctors and medicines are mostly available in the private health centres in Samastipur which the rural mass is unable to afford. There is prevalence of malnourishment among children in Dalit and backward communities. Child death is another alarming concern in the reference community. Due to lack of proper services in ICDS centers, the villages record low rate of immunization among women and children. A substantial number of children are out of school and engaged in workforce. Children with disability do not get equal space and opportunity for exploration and are neglected socially. Few cases of child trafficking were reported last year. Due to lack of livelihood opportunities, children migrate along with their parents to Surat, Bengal, Jalpaiguri, Mumbai, Delhi and Punjab.

Objectives:

  • To empower marginalized community socially, economically and culturally and enhance their understanding on child rights.
  • To prepare an environment for children to ensure their participation.
  • To strengthen local schools, health centers, Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs), village education committees (VECs), village health committees (VHCs) and Anganwadi centers.
  • To mobilize community and peer groups to identify and raise voice against discrimination of girl child and ensure them access to education and health facilities.

Review:

  • Running of cultural education center and mainstreaming out of school children, dropout, working children and child labour.
  • Strengthening of Bal Panchayat and their capacity building on Child Rights issues.
  • Providing various platforms to children for expression of their views, skill and creativity.
  • 50 Labour got work for 100 days, total of 225 Mazdoor got work under NREGA, 112 families got the benefits of Indira Awas Yogna, 210 families got land porcha and many labour got the benefits of social security schemes.
  • Two days capacity building programs of 28 Bal Panchayat leaders organized. The agenda of the CB program was Child right and how the children can strengthen and sustain their collective.
  • In Miyari, children made protest against the quality of Mid-Day Meal (MDM) which has drawn the attention of media and complaint against the case was submitted to education department.
  • Women's group generated awareness on birth registration and immunization of children upto 5 years of age.Increase in enrolment and retention of children in school.
  • Children with disability having disability certificate and getting benefits under government scheme.
  • Children have taken initiatives to prevent Child trafficking by involving JJBVK and CBOs in the villages.
  • Regular meeting information sharing and capacity building process has been taken with fishermen community on the issue of child education, immunization, Birth registration, I Card and Government benefits.

Plans:

  • Strengthening of Bal Panchayat and Publication of children magazine "Bachoon Ki Awaaz".
  • Formation and strengthening children collective at school level (Bal Sansand, Meena Munch).
  • Running Six Cultural Education centers and mainstreaming child labour into education.
  • Organising Bal Anand Shivir for children.
  • Strengthening of women's group in 16 villages and deepen their understanding on health issues and alternative nutritional supplement.
  • Identification of child labour and malnourished children and linking them with ICDS centres.
  • Documentation and Publication on history and perspective of fishermen community.

Budget summary:

Particulars Amount (US $)
Right to Development 2,262
Right to Survival 2,610
Right to Protection 3,132
Right to Participation 2,436
Administration 6,960
Total 17,399

 

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