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DISHA - VIHAR

Location: Munger district, Bihar

   

Situation

Located in Southern Bihar, Munger district experiences drought and floods simultaneously which affects agriculture severely, moreover, for the marginal and small farming communities, agriculture is not a viable livelihood option. The marginalized communities have lost control over the forests which was their source of survival and wage discrimination is rampant in the area.

Challenge

• The government systems are defunct and do not address the needs of the underprivileged.

• Quality of education in the schools is poor in terms of educational materials, curriculum and regularity.

• Discriminatory attitude of the teachers and upper castes adds to the woes of the marginalized children.

Highlights

• In the last two years of partnership, DISHA-VIHAR has shown its sensitive and serious efforts towards the cause of children and attempted to translate this into action in the field.

• Their sustained effort with the community especially the women and children on one hand and on other, the work with the daily wage laborers, has helped take positive steps towards enabling a larger movement for child rights.

Results

• Formation of Munna Munni Munch (MMM) in all 4 blocks comprising 21 children's groups with participation from 405 children.

• A rally was organized with focus on quality education, mid-day meals and other child rights issues amongst the community saw participation of 450 children.

• Block level youth meetings were organized on the issue of child rights, common school system, technical education and life skill training for youth, Right to Education (RTE) and the role of youths and their participation on proper functioning of school.

• Out of 45 villages, 43 villages are child marriage free.

• 55 child labor and 83 working children were re-enrolled in primary and middle school through the Jeevan Shala process.

• 90% deliveries at institutions were ensured through government health institutions.

• 92% pregnant women were immunized

• 90% new born children got regular immunizations and birth registration certificates.

       

 

Background:

Disha Vihar was registered in 2002-03 to work towards the backward, exploited and Dalit communities and to bring them in the mainstream socio-political processes to build a just society. They leaded the National Literacy campaign in the district (NLM) and awareness generation for Polio Campaign with UNICEF as polio children was identified in this district. They worked on social mobilization process with the target community closely with UNICEF & WHO. Disha Vihar has closely worked with the people in Diara land who were displaced by Ganga flood and Fishing community n Munger district. The organization has taken up women rights issues and local governance issues in the operational area. In regards to the communal harmony and campaign for social cohesiveness they organize various cultural programs by their team and also in Manav Jodo Abhiyan. The Project Holder Mr. Abhay Kumar Akela, has been involved in the Ganga Mukti Andolan, the Munger movement and the Rashtriya Seva Dal. He was actively involved in the Bihar Pradesh Lok Samiti. He played an important role in ensuring that peace resumed after the Bhagalpur riots by organizing various communal harmony programmes in Munger district.

Situation:

The current intervention is spread across 15 villages in Sadar, 10 villages in Tarapur, 10 villages in Kharagpur and 10 villages in Asarganj blocks of Munger district, Bihar. Located in Southern Bihar, Munger district is famous for its natural resources- forests, hills and rivers. These areas suffer from annual inundation, erosion, water clogging and sand deposition due to the flooding of the Ganges and its tributaries. The district experiences drought and floods simultaneously which affects the agricultural activities of Bhinds, Kumhars, Banias, Dhobi communities. As a result people migrate from the villages. The health service delivery systems are not functioning properly which leads to low level of birth registration and immunization of children and pregnant women. Due to financial constraints and lack of livelihood options, children discontinue education in and get engaged in shops, hotels and/or as domestic labour. 185 children are directly engaged in labour work in the area and about 720 children have migrated to other places and working as labour. Girl child marriage is another issue prevailing in the area. The reason behind this is social taboo, traditions, fear of girl child safety and poverty.

Objectives:

  • To ensure child rights in the operational area are restored through capacity building of the reference group.
  • To strengthen and advocate for pro-people systems with special focus on health, education and Public Distribution System and ensure accessibility of the services for the marginalized.
  • To enhance the leadership and capacity amongst the Diara displaced community and leading their movement
  • To mobilize the fishing community in the district and build the strategic alignment with local people's collectives.

Review:

For the past few years Disha Vihar has been running cultural center called Jeevan Shala for children who are drop outs, out of school and never gone to school, children engaged in daily labour. It has formed block level Munna Munni Munch (MMM) in all 4 blocks comprising 20-25 children in each group. This year 21 children groups were formed with participation of 405 children. Portray of wall magazine was organized in 22 schools of 4 blocks, where children made their paintings and wrote poems, songs and stories for display in school board. A rally was organized with focus on education for working children besides building awareness among community on quality education, mid-day meal and other child rights issues. In this rally 450 children participated from the intervention area. Process of data collection was initiated for disabled children in all the 45 villages. A survey was done on ICDS centers that are functional in the villages, based on which some areas were identified where new centers need to be set up. Block level youth meetings were organized on the issue of Child Rights, Common School System, technical education and life skill training for youths, Right to Education (RTE) and the role of youths and their participation on proper functioning of school.

Some of the quantitative achievements of Disha Vihar in last year are:

  • Out of 45 villages, 43 villages are child marriage free.
  • 55 child labour and 83 working children were reenrolled in primary and middle school through Jeevan Shala process.
  • 90% institutional delivery was ensured in Government health institutions.
  • 92% pregnant women were immunized and 90% new born children got regular immunization and birth registration certificate in the intervention villages.

Plans:

Some of the major plans of the organization in this year are:

  • Continuation of the Jeevan Shala cultural process to ensure child participation.
  • Workshop with Block Education Officer, Head Master, Teachers and Social activists on their role in context to RTE act 2009.
  • Study of impact on the lives of children with proposed land acquisition by National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) in Suryagarha block of Lakhisarai and use the report as an advocacy tool.
  • Capacity Building workshop of women on Malnutrition, Alternative Nutritional Supplement, immunization, health issues and women rights.
  • Bal Sanasnd for children of Munna Munni Manch, Jeevan Shala and other school children.
  • Establishment of Bal Pustakalay (Library) for children.

Budget summary:

Particulars Amount (US $)
Right to Development 7,639
Right to Survival 3,112
Right to Protection 5,941
Right to Participation 3,395
Administration 8,205
Total 28,292

 

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